October/November 2019

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Cover Story

Needed, Proposed, Designed: An Injury Assessment and Prevention Program for Collegiate Women’s Basketball

Why are female basketball players increasingly at risk of lower-extremity injury? How should an injury prevention program for them be devised and implemented? The authors undertook a team study to find the answers. Knee injuries account for 10% to 25% of sports-related injuries.

By Major Kyle East, PT, DPT, DSC; Lieutenant Commander Lauren Brown, PT, DPT, DSC; and Colonel Donald Goss, PT, PHD


Editorial Appreciation

With Heartfelt Thanks and Appreciation

As another year draws to a close, the natural inclination is to look ahead and plan for the future. But the beauty of the year’s end also gives us the chance to look back and appreciate the path we have travelled, the lessons we have learned, and the many, many people and organizations who have helped us on that journey.

By Janice T. Radak, Editor, and Rich Dubin, Publisher

Feature Articles

Plantar fasciitis: A New Approach to An Old Problem

Introducing the kineticokinematic approach to treating plantar fasciitis. This approach focuses not only on the position of the foot but also on the forces that may be contributing to this highly prevalent foot condition. Heel pain is one of the most common complaints treated by lower extremity specialists, affecting an estimated 10% of the population.

By Pedro Aldape-Esquivel, DPM and Jarrod Shapiro, DPM, FACPM, FACFAS

Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome Remains a Challenge for Clinicians, Painful for Patients

While most agree it is an overuse injury, treating MTSS (aka shin splints) should involve rest, proper diet, and sometimes avoiding NSAIDS. It’s been decades since I had a case of shin splints, but I remember vividly how painful it was. I was 20 years old and overtraining—especially given the sorry state of my running shoes—and I felt as if I had a burning coal lodged along the medial side ...

IS CHANGE ON THE HORIZON? Congress Proposes Reforms to the Stark Law

Podiatrists are among the providers targeted by efforts to revise regulation of referral for Medicare services. The goal? Modernize governance of a changing healthcare industry. The federal Physician Self-Referral Law (known commonly as the “Stark Law” or, simply, “Stark”) and its regulations generally prohibit physician referrals of Medicare patients for certain designated healthcare services when the physician has a…

By Daniel F. Shay, Esq.

From the Literature

Bilateral Custom AFOs Reduce Fear of Falling, Up Physical Activity

For older adults who have fears about falling, the daily use of custom-made ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) with walking shoes is effective in improving balance and reducing fear of falls, according to a recent study published in the journal Gerontology. In the elderly population, falls are a particularly serious problem. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 3 million older patients are treated in emergency rooms for ...

Wearable Tech May Enhance Benefits of Structured Exercise  

Combining structured exercise with wearable technology interventions designed to enhance non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) may help reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) in high-risk older adults, according to a October 2019 study published in the online medical journal, Clinical Interventions in Aging. Researchers from the University of Alabama at…

By Douglas J. Guth 

AHA Scientific Statement on CLI Emphasizes Early Diagnosis, Treatment

Critical limb ischemia (CLI), a condition characterized by the narrowing or blocking of arteries that lead to the legs, is the most severe form of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and a leading cause of lower-limb amputation. Moreover, patients with CLI have high mortality rates. As such, early diagnosis and treatment are key, according to a scientific statement recently published by the American Heart Association (AHA) in its journal, Circulation.

Extra Cushioning May not Help Shoes Prevent Injuries

While innovations in running shoes have helped everyone from top athletes to casual joggers push the boundaries of speed, efforts to determine the characteristics of shoes that will help reduce injury risks are more elusive. In his lab at San Jose State University, JJ Hannigan, PhD, ATC, CSCS, is working to understand the way different levels of cushioning affect gait and running mechanics.

By Nicole Wetsman

Ankle Replacement System Receives FDA Premarket Approval

The Hintermann Series H3 Total Ankle Replacement System (DT MedTech, Towson, MD), received premarket approval from the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA). This is a non-cemented, implanted medical device intended to replace a painful arthritic ankle joint and improve ankle motion and is indicated for use in the first surgical treatment for the joint.

By Laura Fonda Hochnadel

Industry News & Updates

Stevens, Bonbouton Sign Exclusive Agreement to Further Develop Smart Insole

Stevens Institute of Technology (Stevens), Hoboken, NJ, has signed an exclusive licensing agreement with health and technology company Bonbouton, New York, giving Bonbouton the right to use and further develop a graphene sensing system that detects early signs of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) before they form. Left untreated, DFUs can cause severe tissue and bone damage and may ultimately lead to amputation.

Humans, Like Salamanders, Can Regrow Joint Cartilage

Cartilage in human joints can repair itself through a process like that used by creatures such as salamanders and zebrafish to regenerate limbs, researchers at Duke University Health System (Duke Health), Durham, NC, found. In their article, published online in the journal Science Advances, the researchers identified a mechanism for cartilage repair that appears to be more robust in ankle joints and less so in hips. The finding could potentially ...

O&P Assistant Standards, Guidelines Approved

The Standards and Guidelines for the Accreditation of Education Programs in Orthotist and Prosthetist Assistant were approved by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) board. CAAHEP accredits programs upon the recommendation of the National Commission on Orthotic and Prosthetic Education. Standards are the minimum requirements to which an accredited program is held accountable.

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