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How Mountain Biking Is Reshaping the Landscape of Cycling Injury

Differences in equipment, terrain, riding style, and other risk factors mean different types and prevalence of injuries when riding a mountain bike, compared to a road bike. Be prepared to see those differences in your practice. Over the past several decades, mountain biking has become remarkably popular as a competitive and recreational activity.

By Michael Reeder, Do, And Brent Alumbaugh, MS

 

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We Are The Heart of National Biomechanics Day

The International and American Societies of Biomechanics were founded in 1973 and 1977, respectively. Coincident with the expansion of Biomechanics during the following decades, fitness and health have moved out from under the realm of medicine and are rapidly overtaking the realm of the personal—the personal lifestyle to be more exact (think yoga, yogurt, and yoga pants). It is no coincidence that this trend has mirrored the increasing role of Biomechanics in our everyday lives as the evolving science has allowed us to see that sitting is the new smoking and that movement is our best option to maintain or get back to health.

And Biomechanics, the study of human movement, of how bones, tendons, ligaments, even cell components all work together, will inform every step of that journey. The world of Biomechanics today encompasses a host of activities that are necessary to keep life moving smoothly, but also to improve sport performance, enhance rehabilitation, correct gait, stabilize balance… all the pieces and parts of maintaining a healthy active lifestyle, no matter what age.

By Paul DeVita, PhD

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Benefits of a Foot Orthosis During a Step-descent Task on Kinematics, Kinetics, and Activation of Muscle

Foot orthoses are considered to work by controlling internal rotation of the tibia and eversion of the calcaneus, and have been reported to be effective during weightbearing activities such as walking and running. As a result, they have been shown to be effective in managing a range of musculoskeletal conditions—not the least of which is patellofemoral pain.

By Sarah Curran, PhD, FCPodMed

Concurrent Changes in Eccentric Hamstring Strength and Knee-joint Kinematics

Hamstring strain incidence in soccer increases during the latter stages of match-play, consistent with experimental studies that report reduced eccentric hamstring strength during soccer-specific fatigue. The biarticular function of the hamstring is such that fatigue-induced changes in strength are also likely to have an impact on…

By Matt Greig, MPhil, PhD

Delayed Charcot Diagnosis Increases Costs, Hospital Days, Amputations

Early recognition and treatment of Charcot neuroarthropathy has been long considered paramount to optimizing clinical outcomes and delivering high-quality care. Without this rapid response to control the devastating effects of Charcot, patients are left with significant deformities; increased risk of ulcers, infection, and…

By Jonathan M. Labovitz, DPM, FACFAS, CHCQM

AFOs for Stroke: Early Use Does Not Limit Long-Term Benefit

Stroke often impairs walking, particularly by altering foot clearance during the swing phase. Activity of the tibialis anterior (TA) plays an important role in foot clearance; clinicians often prescribe an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) for post-stroke patients to help with foot clearance.

 

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