Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

August 2021

Vegans Face Greatest Fracture Risk

Data from the prospective EPIC-Oxford Study show that non-meat eaters, especially vegans, had higher risks of either total or some site-specific fractures, particularly hip fractures. This is the first prospective study of diet group with both total and multiple specific fracture sites in vegetarians and vegans, and the…

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June 2021

Ankle Leads “Problem” List for Female College Athletes

In a study out of Japan, 54 female college basketball athletes filled out the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre questionnaire detailing all “physical complaints” for 135 days. The average daily prevalence for any problem was 44%, with substantial problems accounting for 16%. Continue reading

June 2021

Judo4Balance Improves Physical Functioning

Falls and fall-related injuries are major threats not only for older adults but also for younger age groups such as working-age adults. It has been shown that it is possible to reduce the risk of falls and fall-related injuries, to some extent. However, interventions that aim to  reduce both the risk of falls and mitigate fall-related injuries through teaching safe falling techniques are still sparsely investigated. Continue reading

June 2021

Short Breaks Help the Brain Learn New Skills

Practice is important for learning something new. Repeating an action over and over increases the likelihood of mastering it. But recent research shows that taking short breaks may be just as critical. A 2019 study found that short, frequent breaks were key  to improving performance on a new task. These short rest periods strengthen memories of the new skill just practiced. Continue reading

May 2021

New research network tackles diabetic foot complications

Six U.S. research institutions are launching a new multicenter network to study diabetic foot ulcers, a common complication of diabetes and the leading cause of lower limb amputations in the United States. The Diabetic Foot Consortium (DFC, aims to… Continue reading

May 2021

Supplement improves glucose metabolism in women’s muscle

In a small trial, the muscles of women who took a supplement called nicotinamide mononucleotide for 10 weeks had improvements in their ability to process blood glucose, an important finding in the search for ways to help prevent or manage diabetes in people. Continue reading

April 2021

Dynamic AFO Reduces Pain, Improves Function

Over 2 million Americans visit the doctor each year for foot and ankle pain stemming from a degenerative condition or injury. Ankle-foot orthoses can effectively manage symptoms, but traditional designs have limitations. This study investigated the acute impact of a novel… Continue reading

April 2021

Introducing the American Limb Preservation Society

Every 20 seconds, somewhere around the world, someone loses their leg because of diabetes. A commentary in the March issue of Foot & Ankle Surgery: Techniques, Reports & Cases, a new journal from the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, introduced the American Limb Preservation Society (ALPS) with the proverb… Continue reading

April 2021

Motion-Control Shoes Reduce Pronation-Related Pathologies

Runners frequently sustain injuries. Increased and poorly timed foot pronation during the running gait cycle and movements that contribute to foot pronation (eversion, abduction, and dorsiflexion) have frequently been cited as risk factors for exercise-related lower-leg pain, medial tibial stress syndrome, stress fractures of… Continue reading

April 2021

Telemedicine for Knee OA Provides Important Patient Benefit

The steadily increasing prevalence and high costs of treating chronic joint pain worldwide poses a challenge for healthcare systems and healthcare payers. New research published in JAMA Network Open shows the effectiveness of a digital healthcare treatment with the potential to save insurance companies and… Continue reading

April 2021

Sleep Deprivation & Performance

The effects of a single night of complete & partial sleep deprivation on performance. 10 males completed a test battery following 3 different sleep conditions. Continue reading

March 2021

Strength & Balance Training Improves Function in DPN, But Not HRQoL

The most common neuropathy associated with diabetes mellitus is distal symmetrical polyneuropathy, also known as diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). It affects around 12–50% of individuals with diabetes. DPN is a known important risk factor for serious adverse sequelae such as foot ulceration and amputation. Continue reading

February 2021

Stair Gait in Younger and Older Adults

Older people have an increased risk of falling during locomotion, with falls on stairs being particularly common and dangerous. Step going (i.e., the horizontal distance between two consecutive step edges) defines the base of support available for foot placement on stairs, as with smaller going, the Continue reading

February 2021

Increased 1st-Trimester Exercise May Reduce Gestational Diabetes Risk

Pregnant women who exercise more during the first trimester of pregnancy may have a lower risk of developing gestational diabetes, according to a new study led by Samantha Ehrlich, an assistant professor in the Department of Public Health at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and… Continue reading

February 2021

Orthotic Insoles Improve Gait and Pain in Lower Limb Discrepancy

Orthotic insoles significantly improved gait symmetry in the pelvis in the frontal plane and the ankle in the sagittal plane in participants with lower leg discrepancies (LLD) of both ≤ 1 cm and > 1 cm but > 3 cm, suggesting that it may be appropriate to treat even mild leg length discrepancy. Continue reading

February 2021

Prickly Pear Fruit Juice Improves Mobility

The Nopal or Prickly Pear Cactus is a staple across the southwestern United States and Mexico. Its broad flat leaves can be eaten as a vegetable (like a green pepper) and its colorful bulbous fruit is often sought after for the health benefits of its juice. Continue reading

January 2021

Snowblower Injuries From 2003 – 2018

Power snow blowers allow for easier, quicker snow removal at homes and businesses. However, they are potentially dangerous and can result in significant injury. Most studies of snowblower injuries discuss those sustained when placing the hand into the chute, resulting in… Continue reading

January 2021

Corrective Insoles Improve Leg Muscle Activation

Rice farming is conducted in slippery and viscous muddy soil, which leads to a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and malalignments. Over half of Thailand’s farm labor force is engaged in rice farming, making these occupational challenges a public health burden. Continue reading

January 2021

Disparities Persist in Amputations for Critical Limb Ischemia

Critical limb ischemia (or chronic limb threatening ischemia, CLI) is a state of arterial insufficiency manifested by chronic inadequate tissue perfusion at rest, reducing patients’ quality of life and increasing the risk for amputation and death. Continue reading

November 2020

3D Printed Insoles Offers New Hope for Patients with Diabetes

Scientists from Staffordshire University, England, claim that their new 3D-printed insoles can improve the foot health of people suffering with diabetes. Their study is said to present the first quantitative evidence in support of optimized cushioning in diabetic footwear as… Continue reading

November 2020

Low Energy Increases Fall Risk in Older Adults

Declines in feelings of energy can lead to balance problems in older adults, according to Clarkson University research published in the journal Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics. “We wanted to see whether increases in feelings of fatigue or… Continue reading

November 2020

Don’t Try This for Ankle Stability

While ankle sprain is perhaps the most common of sporting injuries, there remains no one-size-fits-all solution. But there is one solution that’s losing ground based on new evidence from the Institute of Motion Analysis & Research (IMAR) at the University of Dundee in the United Kingdom. Continue reading

October 2020

Using Shockwave, Foot Core Exercises to Manage Tibialis Posterior Tendinopathy

Tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction/tendinopathy (PTTP) is a common debilitating condition. The diagnosis is largely clinical with physical examination sufficient to make the determination. Patients will commonly complain of pain in the medial foot and behind the medial malleolus that worsens with prolonged standing and activity. Continue reading

October 2020

5-year Mortality, Costs of Diabetic Foot Complications Comparable to Cancer

The purpose of this brief report was to refresh a 2007 data summary comparing diabetic foot complications to cancer with the best available data as they currently exist. Since that time, more reports have emerged both on cancer mortality and mortality associated with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), Charcot arthropathy, and diabetes-associated lower extremity amputation. Continue reading

October 2020

Gait Speed as Risk Tool for Falls

Keeping older adults physically active is critical to health maintenance and walking is a key form of exercise for this population. However, foot pain represents a leading cause of mobility limitations and lower quality of life in older individuals. Nearly 25% of adults report foot pain, and those with frequent foot pain are at double the risk of falling. Continue reading