June 2021

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Cover Story


Pregnancy Part 1: Is Walking Adequate Fitness During Pregnancy?

There is no question that walking is generally a good form of exercise. However, it is not always appropriate during all phases of pregnancy, nor does it adequately prepare a woman for delivery or the fourth ‘Tornado’ Trimester. Long gone are the days of no lifting and putting your feet up during pregnancy. Pregnancy is the time to ‘train’ for a postnatal marathon that will last several years in a ...

Guest Perspective


French Open’s Treatment of Osaka Exposes Long-Buried Bias in Sport

Naomi Osaka, 23, a no. 2 ranked woman tennis player is taking professional sports and athletes higher. Leading up to the French Open, Osaka declined to participate in mandatory press conferences to preserve her mental health. Osaka stated, “I am not a natural public speaker and get huge waves of anxiety before I speak to the world’s media…

By Valerie Rein, PhD

Patient Guidance


Patient Guidance: Common Skin and Nail Conditions of the Lower Extremity – Part 2

Many foot and ankle specialists focus on the musculoskeletal conditions of patients. Skin and nail conditions of the feet, however, are some of the most common complaints that patients have. This 3-part series describes the most common conditions patients present with to my office and provides some effective treatment options.

By Paul J. Betschart, DPM

Features


Can Proprioception Be Improved?

This 6th sense helps our body understand where it is in space and how to move in response to countless signals between the brain and millions of receptors throughout the body. To move safely in this world, our body needs to understand where it is in the environment. Key among the players accomplishing this complex task is the…

By Janice T. Radak

Taking a Load Off: An Update on How Biomechanics Research is Shaping the Future of Conservative Treatment for Knee OA

By Monica R. Maly, PT, PhIn a recent study in The Lancet, Cui et al estimated there are ~654 million people age 40 and older around the world who have knee osteoarthritis and an additional ~87 million individuals age 20 and older who have already been diagnosed.

By Monica R. Maly, PT, PhD

Sleep Series Part II: Sleep and Athletic Performance

Sleep – that magical state where our bodies recuperate, our minds rejuvenate, and we are free of the everyday stresses of the world – is a necessary physiological process that all humans require.

By Jeremy R. Hawkins, PhD, LAT, ATC; Michael Reeder, DO; and Alli Powell, DAT, LAT, ATC

Recovery and Regeneration Strategies for Foot Performance: Part II

In the first article of this series, I provided a general overview of the concepts of recovery and regeneration as well as terminological and methodological differences. I called it a necessary consequence of the stresses relating to training and performance. Since then, recovery has come out of the shadows.

By Antonio Robustelli, MSc, CSCS

COVID-19 Update


The Mental Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic

Despite the smoldering nature of the global COVID-19 pandemic, Americans apparently are finding some significant silver linings, according to a survey of 1,000 adults conducted for HealthInsurance.com by Scott Rasmussen in early June.

Potential Oral Treatment for COVID-19 Identified

Countries around the world are now rushing to vaccinate their populations against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. In the U.S., more than half of adults are now fully vaccinated. But new infections still occur daily. Better treatments are needed to reduce hospitalizations and deaths, and to help prevent spread of the virus.

From the Literature


Ankle Leads “Problem” List for Female College Athletes

In a study out of Japan, 54 female college basketball athletes filled out the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre questionnaire detailing all “physical complaints” for 135 days. The average daily prevalence for any problem was 44%, with substantial problems accounting for 16%.

Judo4Balance Improves Physical Functioning

Falls and fall-related injuries are major threats not only for older adults but also for younger age groups such as working-age adults. It has been shown that it is possible to reduce the risk of falls and fall-related injuries, to some extent. However, interventions that aim to  reduce both the risk of falls and mitigate fall-related injuries through teaching safe falling techniques are still sparsely investigated.

Short Breaks Help the Brain Learn New Skills

Practice is important for learning something new. Repeating an action over and over increases the likelihood of mastering it. But recent research shows that taking short breaks may be just as critical. A 2019 study found that short, frequent breaks were key  to improving performance on a new task. These short rest periods strengthen memories of the new skill just practiced.

Industry News & Updates


OTTOBOCK APPOINTS NEW CEO/REGIONAL PRESIDENT

Ottobock, Duderstadt, Germany, has appointed Marc C. Lundeberg as the new CEO and regional president of the company’s North America operation, headquartered in Austin, TX. He succeeds Brad Ruhl, who will remain on as non-executive chairman until he transitions to retirement after a more than 30-year tenure with…

BIONESS ACQUIRED BY BIOVENTUS

Bioness, Valencia, CA, has been acquired by Bioventus, Durham, NC, a global company with a focus on clinically effective, cost-efficient, minimally invasive medical treatments that engage and enhance the body’s natural healing processes. The acquisition cost was for $45 million in up-front consideration, with up to…

NEUROFEEDBACK CREATES PERCEPTION OF A LIGHTER WEIGHT PROSTHESIS

Although prosthetic legs usually weigh less than half of a natural limb, their perceived weight remains a point of dissatisfaction among users. Previously, researchers led by Stanisa Raspopovic, PhD, a professor at the ETH Zurich Department of Health Sciences and Technology in Zurich, Switzerland, have shown that…

PREVENTING INJURIES AND IMPROVING RECOVERY WITH MICRO-DOPPLER RADARS

Penn State College of Engineering and College of Medicine researchers have developed a radar to measure subtleties in human movement. This work has implications for allowing healthcare workers to more accurately identify individuals who may be at risk for injury and to track progress precisely while individuals are recovering from an injury.

HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING USED TO REVEAL DIABETIC SKIN COMPLICATIONS

A multidisciplinary research team has introduced a diagnostic approach capable of evaluating the skin complications of diabetes. This portable optical device allows non-contact detection of possible skin complications of diabetes at an early stage, as well as the ability to perform broad population screening, explained research team…

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