Category Archives: Archives

October 2010

Splinting and stretching for plantar fasciitis pain

Evidence suggests that calf muscle stretching, whether manually or with the aid of a brace or splint, can help alleviate plantar fasciitis pain. What’s less clear is which protocol is most effective.

By Neena K Sharma, PT, PhD, CMPT, and Gurpreet Singh, PT

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October 2010

Stair negotiation alters stability in older adults

Nowhere are the effects of aging on gait mechanics and neuromuscular control more apparent than on the stairs, an all- too-common site of fall-related injuries in older adults. Prevention starts with understanding the unique demands of stair ascent and descent.

By Alison C. Novak, MSc, Samantha M. Reid, MSc, Patrick A. Costigan, PhD, and Brenda Brouwer, PhD

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October 2010

OA bracing may bolster prehabilitation protocols

Preoperative exercise has been shown to improve total knee arthroplasty outcomes, but may not be feasible in patients with severe pain. Bracing and other offloading methods may be able to help.

By John Kenney, CO, and Robert Hamblen, MD

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October 2010

Insoles stand test of time

Six months may be too soon to replace – Diabetic insoles may not need to be replaced as frequently as previously thought, according to research from the U.K. presented in September at the second International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics (i-FAB) conference.

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October 2010

MRI reveals intrinsic muscle atrophy in patients with plantar fasciitis pain

Plantar intrinsic foot muscles associated with plantar fasciitis have significantly smaller cross sectional area than those in healthy feet, according to research from the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, MA.

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October 2010

History of clubfoot treatment affects kids’ activity only slightly by age of 10

Children treated for clubfoot as infants grow up to be active 10-year-olds who can keep pace with their peers during almost all activities, according to research from the Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children in Dallas.

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October 2010

EMG characterizes FAI

Altered activation isn’t just at the ankle – Two studies presented at the second International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics conference add to the evidence that treatment of chronic ankle instability should focus on improving feed-forward neuromuscular control mechanisms.

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October 2010

Rearfoot motion in runners responds to pronator-supinator strengthening

Strength training focused on the pronation and supination affects rearfoot motion in runners to a greater extent than traditional plantar- and dorsiflexion training, according to research from the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany.

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October 2010

Study identifies gender differences in biomechanics of kicking in soccer

Gender differences in leg alignment and muscle activation during a soccer kick may in turn help explain gender differences in knee injury risk, according to research from the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.

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October 2010

AFX improves jump height, balance

The Ankle Foot Maximizer (AFX) from Progressive Health Innovations can significantly improve performance in college basketball players, according to research from the University of British Columbia presented in September at the International Foot and Ankle Biomechanics (i-FAB) meeting. Seven players … Continue reading

October 2010

Pressure experts discuss standards

Researchers, engineers, and practitioners interested in gait analysis convened at the i-FAB meeting in Seattle to discuss and refine an international consensus statement on standardization of  pressure measurement devices that is currently in development. The initiative, which has the support … Continue reading

October 2010

JMS Plastics shows its purple heart

In honor of Pancreatic Cancer Month, JMS Plastics will donate a portion of the November sales of its new purple materials: Neolon, J-foam HR EVA, and lavender swirl EVA. Purple is the official color of Pancreatic Cancer Month. Qualifying sales … Continue reading

October 2010

Organization honors Haiti volunteers

At its Celebrate the Nations reception in September, Physicians for Peace honored the many organizations and individuals behind its ongoing efforts in Haiti. Mary Anne Kramer-Urner, PT, the organization’s first volunteer at the Haitian Amputee Clinic at Albert Schweitzer Memorial … Continue reading

October 2010

Levy & Rappel owner will be missed

Bob Kramer, owner of Saddle Brook, NJ-based Levy & Rappel, died on Sept. 25 after a long battle with prostate cancer. Kramer, a retired dentist, bought the orthotics company in 1993 and embraced its longstanding commitment to individual customer attention. … Continue reading

October 2010

FitFlop affects foot motion, loading

The FitFlop flip flop, which has been anecdotally reported to reduce lower extremity and low back pain, significantly alters foot motion and loading, according to research presented at the i-FAB meeting in September. In 17 asymptomatic female subjects, researchers from … Continue reading

October 2010

BOC announces new website launch

The Board of Certification/Accreditation, International, announced in September the launch of its new website, www.bocinternational.org. The new design makes it fast and easy for visitors to obtain information on BOC, certification, and facility accreditation. It also provides directories of certificants … Continue reading

October 2010

Cincy ACL workshop slated for Nov. 6

The anterior cruciate ligament experts at Cincinnati Childrens Hospital will host a one-day ACL workshop on Nov. 6, covering injury mechanisms, screening, prevention, and rehabilitation. Speakers will include Christopher Kaeding, MD, head team physician for the Ohio State University Buckeyes, … Continue reading

September 2010

Heels heighten OA risk

Flatter styles lessen stress on knee By Jordana Bieze Foster The Rhode Island Convention Center was not the place to be wearing high heels during the third week of August, when two studies presented at the annual meeting of the … Continue reading

September 2010

Impacts spell injury

Barefoot running seems a solution By Jordana Bieze Foster Despite what you may have heard, researchers are a long way from proving that barefoot runners are less prone to injury than those who run in shoes. But data presented at … Continue reading

September 2010

Intriguing AFO effects

Gait speed linked to braking force By Jordana Bieze Foster Rigid ankle foot orthoses increase gait speed in hemiplegic stroke patients, but not for the reasons one might think, according to research from the Kessler Foundation Research Center in New … Continue reading

September 2010

Training targets trips

Fall simulations help AK amputees By Jordana Bieze Foster Thanks to an improved ability to simulate falls in the laboratory, researchers are identifying variables that contribute to falls in above-knee amputees and implementing training programs to improve response to tripping. … Continue reading

September 2010

Robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation boosts functional mobility scores

Robot-assisted ankle rehabilitation significantly improves functional mobility in stroke patients, according to research from Northwestern University in Chicago. Researchers customized a continuous passive motion machine to create a portable rehabilitation robot that is used for both passive stretching and active … Continue reading

September 2010

Gait study finds FES of plantar flexors fails to improve mechanical recovery

Functional electrical stimulation of the plantar flexor muscles in addition to the dorsiflexors surprisingly had no effect on mechanical recovery during post-stroke gait in a study performed at the University of Delaware. Researchers analyzed the effects of dorsiflexion FES alone … Continue reading

September 2010

Diabetic boot bests TCC for offloading forefoot area but not for ulcer healing

A cast-boot ankle foot orthosis decreases plantar pressures under the forefoot more effectively than a total contact cast, but its relative effectiveness for ulcer healing is still a function of compliance, according to research from Washington University in St. Louis. … Continue reading

September 2010

Effects of prosthetic gel liner thickness on pressure lack statistical significance

The choice of a thick or thin gel liner in transtibial amputees may ultimately come down to personal preference, according to research from Northwestern University in Chicago. Investigators compared two prosthetic gel liners, one 3 mm thick and one 9 … Continue reading