Increasing numbers of patients are finding relief from chronic low back pain with the use of foot orthoses, but the mechanism underlying the positive outcomes is largely unknown.
By Larry Hand
Many knee injury prevention programs do not focus on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion and hip adductor activation, but research suggests both distal and proximal variables contribute to alterations in frontal plane knee biomechanics and could affect injury risk.
By Darin A. Padua, PhD, ATC, and Micheal A. Clark, DPT, MS, PES, CES
Advocates of surgical nerve decompression in a subset of patients with diabetic neuropathy have published some impressive outcomes, but critics of the procedure point to the conspicuous absence of randomized trials. The issue has become one of the most contentious in diabetes care.
By Cary Groner
Physical impairments associated with femoroacetabular impingement include limited range of motion, muscle weakness, and altered biomechanics. Attention to these areas during rehabilitation can improve surgical outcomes and may even reduce the risk of osteoarthritis.
By Jerrad R. Guenther, BSc, Michael K. Gilbart MD, FRCS(C), MEd, and Michael A. Hunt PT, PhD
Research suggests that obesity influences the development of Achilles tendinopathy to a greater degree than other types of foot and ankle pain. This phenomenon will become increasingly important to lower extremity practitioners as global obesity rates continue to rise.
By Ryan T. Scott, DPM, AACFAS, and Christopher F. Hyer, DPM, MS, FACFAS
Hip strengthening can improve short-term outcomes related to patellofemoral pain syndrome, but further research is needed to determine the underlying mechanism and whether the same approach will also prove effective in managing patellofemoral osteoarthritis.
By Michael B. Pohl, PhD
In the Moment: Sports medicine
By Jordana Bieze Foster
Switching between different pairs of shoes may help prevent running-related injuries, but switching from a rearfoot strike pattern to a nonrearfoot strike pattern may not, according to two separate studies from Luxembourg and Iowa State University.
Knee extensor muscle development appears to outpace patellar tendon development in elite male adolescent volleyball players, which may increase their risk of patellar tendinopathy and other overuse injuries, according to research from Berlin, Germany.
A Stanford University study suggests that turf toe injury rates in collegiate football players are lower than expected, possibly as a result of improvements in synthetic turf technology.
In the Moment: Diabetes
By Greg Gargiulo and Emily Delzell
A balance training program featuring a virtual reality feedback component improves postural stability and coordination in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), which may in turn reduce their risk of falling, according to a study published in the November-December 2013 issue of the Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association.
Practitioners should educate patients with diabetes about benefits of custom therapeutic footwear to encourage its use, according to a usability survey conducted by Dutch investigators.
First metatarsal (M1) length after metatarsal head resection influences reulceration risk, according to researchers at Complutense University of Madrid.
By Emily Delzell
Ronkonkoma, NY-based Orthotic Holdings Inc. (OHI), a global supplier of lower extremity orthotic devices and durable medical equipment (DME), announced in December the addition of Milford, CT-based SafeStep to its collection of brands, which also includes Langer Biomechanics, Arizona AFO, and The Orthotic Group.
Roselle, NJ-based ComfortFit Orthotic Labs announced January 1 that Barbara Campbell, DPM, is the company’s new medical director. Her role includes assistance with product development and education.
Portsmouth, NH-based Coolcore and its Dr. Cool’s Recovery-on-the-Go wraps, launched in November on drcoolrecovery.com and scheduled for broader distribution this spring, recently joined the Foundation for Physical Therapy’s Partners in the Research Program at the Silver Level, a $5000 annual contribution.
Birmingham, UK-based CAD-CAM software supplier Delcam will hold its Orthotics Technology Forum (OTF) on both sides of the Atlantic for the first time in 2014.
Boston-based Tekscan’s late-2013 release of the MobileMat BESS paired its pressure-sensing platform with software for quantifying balance errors during the standard or modified Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) test, which is widely used in sports concussion assessment.
A United States Tennis Association’s state affiliate, USTA North Carolina, will present the Orthotic & Prosthetic Activities Foundation (OPAF) and Bridge II Sports with the 2013 Special Tennis Event of the Year award at its annual tennis weekend in Pinehurst, NC, scheduled for January 23-26.
Freedom Innovations has officially launched its new DynAdapt foot–a slim profile, lightweight carbon fiber foot system for amputees. DynAdapt has a slender, anatomic design for easy fit and finish and its advanced multiaxial function is designed to provide maximum comfort.
Foot Management is a custom orthotic laboratory with more than 35 years of experience manufacturing custom foot orthoses. Now, Foot Management offers the new Slim Fit Original insole, a shock absorbing orthotic device for low impact sports and patients suffering from foot fatigue.
Dynamic Tape is a unique, strongly elastic tape, developed by an Australian musculoskeletal physiotherapist, which helps reduce tendon load. Dynamic Tape allows the wearer to move through full range of motion without limitation but with strong biomechanical assistance (as opposed to a primary neurophysiological approach).
The Saebo MyoTrac Infiniti, developed jointly by Saebo and Thought Technology, is a portable all-in-one biofeedback stimulation clinical solution with two new features. The first-of-its-kind Reciprocal EMG Triggered Stimulation (RETS) is for patients with increased tone.