Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

March 2018

Effects of running-specific prostheses at varying speeds

Most previous studies on running mechanics in amputees have used prostheses originally designed for walking, and those that have looked at running mechanics using prostheses designed for running have focused on sprinting. Continue reading

February 2018

Exercising arms improves post-stroke walking

Canadian researchers have demonstrated that that arm exercises—specifically, cycling the arms—improves post-stroke gait. The authors said this is the first study to test the effect of arm training on post-stroke leg function, even years after the event. The results appear in the Journal of Neurophysiology. Continue reading

February 2018

TJA patients discharged home alone do well

Patients who live alone had a safe and manageable recovery when discharged directly home after total joint arthroplasty (TJA), according to a prospective study published in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. Continue reading

February 2018

Researchers target prevention of posttraumatic osteoarthritis

Reducing oxidative stress in mitochondria shortly after joint injury may prevent posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), according to a study published in Science Translational Journal. This discovery is compelling because young, active patients are more likely than older patients to experience these injuries, yet are not… Continue reading

February 2018

Core weakness may lead to low back pain in runners

Deep core-muscle weakness in runners leads to compensation strategies that increase pressure and loading on the spine, which may increase the risk of low back pain, a new analysis demonstrates. Continue reading

February 2018

Group urges training exercises to prevent ACL injury

Athletic trainers and healthcare professionals have a fresh set of recommendations to help prevent noncontact and indirect contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in athletes and physically active people. The position statement, “Prevention of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury,” from the… Continue reading

January 2018

Yoga reduces falls in older adults

Participating in a yoga course decreased the number of falls reported by older adults in a rural community in Wisconsin, according to new research published in December.

By Nicole Wetsman Continue reading

January 2018

ACL treatment in children varies widely; 90% return to sport after ACLR

Over the past 15 years, the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in children and adolescents has increased. And although this population requires special considerations, in part due to their continued musculoskeletal growth, medical management of this condition varies widely.

By Nicole Wetsman Continue reading

January 2018

Most volleyball-related ankle injuries occur during blocking

New evidence suggests that most volleyball-related ankle injuries are the result of a rapid inversion during blocking—often due to landing on an opponent or a teammate while attacking—rather than the injury occurring during plantar flexion, as once thought, according to a study published in the January 2018 issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

By Nicole Wetsman Continue reading

January 2018

HIP STRENGTHENING: Optimizes PFP treatment

A study published in the January 2018 issue of the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy presents new insights and evidence-based suggestions into the addition of hip strengthening to knee strengthening for people with patellofemoral pain (PFP).

By Nicole Wetsman Continue reading

November 2017

Hot tip to predict ulcer risk: Repeat temperature test for best results

The concept of foot temperature monitoring to identify areas of increased risk of ulceration in patients with diabetes is promising, but new research from the Netherlands suggests clinical use of the technology will require more than a single temperature assessment.

By Keith Loria Continue reading

November 2017

Gait findings support focus on proximal muscle function in people with diabetes

Lower extremity muscle force during gait differs significantly among patients with diabetic neuropathy, patients with diabetes but no neuropathy, and controls, according to research from Brazil that underscores the importance of maintaining proximal muscle function in patients with diabetes.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2017

Variability in glycemic control can help estimate time needed to heal foot ulcers

Glycemic variability—fluctuations in HbA1c level from one visit to another—is significantly associated with foot ulcer healing time in patients with diabetes, according to research from the UK.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2017

Runners’ knees get a lift: Elevating heel cuts patellofemoral load

Wearing heel lifts in conventional running shoes can help reduce patellofemoral joint loading and may offer an alternative to gait retraining in runners with patello­femoral pain (PFP), according to research conducted at  the University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.

By Jill R. Dorson Continue reading

November 2017

Combination of four variables predicts 90% of recurrent lateral ankle sprains

A combination of four variables predicts 90% of cases of recurrent lateral ankle sprain within one year of an initial sprain, according to research from the University of Sydney in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2017

Video overlay feedback helps improve biomechanics of sport-specific landing

Video feedback is associated with improved landing mechanics—suggesting a reduced risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury—during a sport-specific task, according to research from the University of Groningen Medical Center in the Netherlands.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2017

Equinus and RA: Limited dorsiflexion exists without pain

Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have decreased ankle dorsiflexion due to gastrocnemius contracture, even in the absence of foot and ankle pain, according to research from Michigan that may have implications for early intervention to minimize pain and dysfunction in this patient population.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

October 2017

Dialysis patients, even without diabetes, have high risk for ulceration, amputation

Patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis are at high risk for foot ulcerations and amputation, regardless of whether they also have diabetes, according to research from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, that underscores the need for foot screening in this population.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2017

Textured insoles enhance stride length, plantar sensation in individuals with PD

One week of textured insole wear is associated with improved plantar sensation and stride length in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), according to research from São Paulo State University in Brazil.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2017

Strength drives survival: But benefits of training appear complex

Lower extremity strength appears to be a key variable in the relationship between mortality and compliance with national resistance exercise guidelines, according to research from the University of Mississippi in University, MS.

By Keith Loria Continue reading

October 2017

Return to activity after Achilles repair parallels heel-rise performance recovery

Recovery of triceps surae muscle strength, as indicated by heel-rise test performance, is associated with the ability to return to jogging and other athletic activities after an Achilles tendon repair, according to research from Teikyo University School of Medicine in Tokyo, Japan.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2017

Pathomechanics in patients with hip OA suggest need for gait retraining

Altered hip mechanics during gait in patients with hip osteo­arthritis (OA) suggest a role for rehabilitation interventions focused on more than hip abductor strengthening alone, accord­- ing to research from the University of Leuven in Belgium.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

September 2017

Achilles prophecy: Early heel rise linked to later outcomes

Single-leg standing heel-rise test performance one year after Achilles tendon rupture is associated with the long-term recovery of ankle biomechanics, according to research from Gothenburg, Sweden. The findings may have implications for rehab­ilitation after Achilles injury, particularly with regard to relatively demanding activities such as jumping.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

September 2017

Online education helps reduce injuries in trail runners despite poor compliance

An online program designed to educate trail runners about injury prevention is associated with a significant decrease in running-related injury rate, even if runners don’t significantly change their preventive behaviors, according to research from the Netherlands.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

September 2017

Navicular injury in college football players slashes odds of NFL success

National Football League (NFL) prospects with a history of navicular injury are significantly less likely to be successful at the professional level than those without such an injury history, according to research that underscores the importance of restoring gait and function after a navicular stress injury in athletes.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading