October 2010

Rearfoot motion in runners responds to pronator-supinator strengthening

In the moment: Sports medicine

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Strength training focused on the pronation and supination affects rearfoot motion in runners to a greater extent than traditional plantar- and dorsiflexion training, according to research from the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany.

Investigators studied 30 runners, all rearfoot strikers, who completed one of two 10-week strength training programs. Those in the experimental group performed supination and pronation exercises with their right leg using a specially designed training machine, and traditional plantar- and dorsiflexion exercises with their left leg. Those in the control group did traditional training only.

The experimental training was associated with significantly greater strength gains for both the pronator and supinator muscles, particularly the latter. Both protocols significantly increased supination angle at touchdown during running, but only the experimental protocol was also associated with significant decreases and delays in pronation velocity.

“The increased supination strength leads to smoother rearfoot motion when excessive pronation is induced,” said Marco Hagen, a human movement research scientist at the university, who presented his group’s results in September at the i-FAB meeting.

One Response to Rearfoot motion in runners responds to pronator-supinator strengthening

  1. Craig Payne says:

    This was supposed to be a randomized controlled trial, yet somehow they got 8 in one group and 22 in the other (if I recall the presentation at the confrence correctly). I can not understand how that could happen. The authors also used a within groups analysis which is not how you analyse a randomised controlled trial. The results of the study can not be trusted unitl the proper analysis is done and an explanation as to how the faulty randomization occured.

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