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Search Results for: stroke
Seattle, WA-based Cadence Biomedical in October announced a National Institutes of Health-funded research collaboration with the University of Nebraska-Omaha (UNO) to study stroke survivors’ ability to adapt and… Continue reading
Gait speed improvements associated with 30 weeks of functional electrical stimulation (FES) in poststroke patients are maintained at 42 weeks, according to research presented in June at the 2015 ISPO World Congress. Continue reading
Seattle-based Cadence Biomedical finalized a distribution agreement in April with Ooltewah, TN-based TruMedical Solutions to sell its Kickstart neuro-rehabilitation device across the southeastern US “Stroke Belt” and to national and regional rehabilitation providers. Continue reading
Increasing the plantar flexion resistance of an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) reduces knee hyperextension and changes foot strike pattern during gait in chronic stroke patients, according to research presented in… Continue reading
People who use an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) after a stroke retain significant deficits in neuromuscular function and blood flow many years later, according to research from the University of Oklahoma in Oklahoma City.
By Emily Delzell Continue reading
Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) improve self-reported balance confidence and may also improve physical functioning in individuals with chronic poststroke hemiplegia, according to a study published in the April issue of… Continue reading
Chronic stroke patients who can walk independently but retain gait deficits experience greater gains in both walking speed and quality with an overground walking intervention than with body-weight supported treadmill training (BWSTT), according to results of a pilot study epublished by Clinical Rehabilitation in February.
Learned disuse of the affected limb can lead to weight-bearing asymmetries in patients with stroke-related hemiparesis. Compelled body-weight shift therapy, using shoe inserts to force loading of the affected limb, can help patients achieve a more symmetrical gait.
By Alexander S. Aruin, PhD
The medical literature suggests that changes in bone density and other bone characteristics after stroke persist after patients have regained ambulatorystatus. Whether ankle foot orthoses have a shielding effect on bone remodeling, however, remains unclear.
By Kyle Sherk, MS, CPO
Functional balance test scores rise – Use of an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) within six weeks of stroke results in better balance outcomes and earlier independent ambulation than if AFO use is delayed, according to research from the Netherlands.
Tibial bone mineral density in stroke survivors who use ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) remains significantly higher in the unaffected limb than the affected limb after more than a decade, according to research from the University of Oklahoma in Oklahoma City. Continue reading
Gait training on a dual-belt treadmill in an adaptive virtual environment can help improve propulsive impulse in the paretic limbs of individuals with hemiparesis following stroke, according to research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) designed to correct foot drop during swing and provide toe clearance may facilitate more accurate foot placement, according to preliminary data presented in March at the American Academy of Orthotists & Prosthetists annual meeting in Atlanta.
When prescribing an ankle foot orthosis or neuroprosthesis for a patient with acute drop foot following stroke, lower extremity practitioners should consider the device’s potential effects on neural plasticity and motor relearning in addition to its potential effects on gait.
By Chad Lairamore, PhD, PT, CBISt
Improving gait and coordination among stroke survivors should involve developing rehabilitation techniques that target abnormal muscle timing characteristics, suggests recent research from the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, OH. The study, e-published in December by Rehabilitation Practice and Research, … Continue reading
Recent research from the Netherlands suggests that a custom-made orthopedic shoe designed for temporary use can enhance early mobilization after stroke, improving functional mobility, walking speed, and gait.
By Emily Delzell
Although patients with drop foot show an overall preference for functional electrical stimulation over ankle foot orthoses, individuals familiar with both therapies recognize the benefits and drawbacks of the two modalities, according to research published in the September issue of … Continue reading
An ankle foot orthosis that orients the ankle in slight dorsiflexion may help improve knee flexion during gait and reduce the risk of heel ulcers in post-stroke patients, according to research from Marquette University in Milwaukee. Investigators performed gait analysis … Continue reading
Two simple tests performed within 72 hours of an ischemic stroke can help predict the likelihood of achieving independent gait after six months, according to research from the Netherlands. In 154 first-ever ischemic stroke patients who were unable to walk … Continue reading
The literature on use of AFOs for stroke management could—and should—change your practice. By Stefania Fatone, PhD, BPO(Hons)
Redmond, WA-based Sensoria in January announced two new apps that will pair with its smart socks, which integrate textile pressure sensor technology and send gait and walking activity data to an electronic anklet. Continue reading
For many patients, the ability of an ankle foot orthosis to enhance propulsion is key to improving gait efficiency and reducing fatigue. But experts are only beginning to understand the biomechanical complexities that influence propulsion, which start with push-off but don’t end there.
By Cary Groner Continue reading
According to ProtoKinetics cofounder Michael Rowling, accurate, objective gait analysis is no longer optional for clinicians who desire to help their patients retain, gain, or regain the independence so integral to their daily lives.
By LER Staff Continue reading
In 1996, after 15 years of sports podiatry practice, Douglas Richie, DPM, was frustrated by the ongoing challenge of fitting sport ankle braces to patients who also wore custom foot orthoses. The two products should have worked naturally together, but, because neither was made with the other in mind, the result was often ungainly and uncomfortable.
By Gary Groner
Although milder than the spasticity-induced cases of equinus, limited ankle dorsiflexion in the non-neurological population is increasingly recognized as a source of excessive strain throughout the foot and a factor in the pathogenesis of many foot conditions.
By Nicholas V. DiMassa and Jeffrey M. Whitaker DPM, FACFAS Continue reading