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Biomechanics of propulsion: Implications for AFOs

For many patients, the ability of an ankle foot orthosis to enhance propulsion is key to improving gait efficiency and reducing fatigue. But experts are only beginning to understand the biomechanical complexities that influence propulsion, which start with push-off but don’t end there.

By Cary Groner

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OUT ON A LIMB: TCCs and possibilities

Lower extremity clinicians have known for decades that the total contact cast (TCC) is the most effective means of offloading plantar ulcers in patients with diabetes. Now research has given us a much better understanding of why—an understanding that could inspire a new generation of more effective prefabricated offloading devices.

By Jordana Bieze Foster


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Plantar fasciitis: Clinical considerations in runners

Clinicians should advocate for the cost-effective, judicious use of foot orthoses for runners with plantar fasciitis, in accordance with the present body of knowledge.

By Patricia Pande, MClScPT, CSCS, CPed

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Conference coverage: 4th PFP research retreat

Studies presented at the Patellofemoral Pain Research Retreat in Manchester, UK, illustrate the progress researchers are making toward the ultimate goal of being able to tailor exercise protocols and other interventions to best address the needs of specific patient subgroups.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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Footwear, traction, and the risk of athletic injury

High degrees of rotational traction associated with athletic footwear can increase the risk of noncontact lower extremity injury following an unexpected neuromuscular perturbation, possibly by increasing biomechanical joint loading at the ankle and knee.

By John W. Wannop, PhD; Ryan Madden, MSc; and Darren J. Stefanyshyn, PhD, PEng

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Yoga for knee OA pain: a mind-body approach

Although the medical literature has not yet provided definitive evidence of effectiveness, a number of existing studies suggest that yoga interventions are associated with improved physical and mental health outcomes among adults with knee osteoarthritis.

By Monica R. Maly, PT, PhD

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Compression and clots in athletes who travel

Hemostatic activation following a marathon is lower in athletes who run with compression socks than those who run with typical athletic socks, suggesting the garments may help reduce the risk of postexercise clot formation in athletes who travel to events.

By Amanda Zaleski, MS; and Beth Taylor, PhD