Posters Presented at ACSM 2018, Minneapolis, MN
Chronic Ankle Instability
By Keith Loria
How many practice trials are needed to achieve functional performance in static and dynamic balance and hopping tests among those with chronic ankle instability (CAI)? That was the question Jordan Read, a student at the University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas, and colleagues looked to answer in his poster, Recommended Number of Trials for Balance and Hopping Tests between Male and Female CAI.1
Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a common issue in the athletic population. Although there are many prophylactic taping methods used to prevent repetitive ankle sprains, the effects of these taping methods in dynamic postural control are not clearly understood.
In the poster, Altered Movement Neuromechanics during Jump Landing and Cutting in Patients with Chronic Ankle Instability,3 Hyunsoo Kim, assistant professor of the Department of Kinesiology, West Chester University, West Chester, PA, and colleagues looked at altered movement pattern in patients with CAI to examine biomechanical factors for CAI.
Even though there have been numerous studies regarding prophylactic ankle taping, the way to control the increased mechanical laxity associated with their condition during dynamic activity is not clear. To investigate the effects of traditional tape (TT), fibular repositioning tape (FRT), and kinesiology tape (KT) on joint angles of the lower extremity, Songah Chae, a student in the Department of Movement Sciences at the University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, led ...
Looking to identify specific movement strategies and describe lower extremity stiffness of the subgroups of patients with CAI compared to an uninjured control group, J. Ty Hopkins, PhD, professor of human performance research center at Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, examined 200 CAI participants (109 male) and 100 controls (54 male).
Footniche: A new paradigm for thinking about foot care
I prefer a simple definition of footwear: that which covers the foot. This definition does not say it is a top covering of the foot—just a covering of the foot. In the definition of something as fundamental as footwear, I believe that less is more.
I also believe all footwear has an effect on the foot, such that, when examining a patient’s footwear, a foot-care specialist might ask: Does the footwear contribute to disease, deformity, or injury—or does it alleviate problems? Footwear that is prescribed could therefore be viewed as a medical device.
Certainly, prescribed therapeutic shoes and healing shoes are medical devices. But if we say street shoes are medically indicated, do street shoes become medical devices? When sports-specific shoes are recommended for people with diabetes, should they be considered medical devices? And because people with diabetes need shoes for different occasions, do all their shoes need to be medical devices, because all their shoes must be evaluated for those at increased risk of causing ulceration? Many patients with diabetes are labeled as non-adherent when not wearing shoes at home; should we be prescribing diabetic footwear in the hospital? And are these medical devices?
As street shoes become more sophisticated (as they have), they will be prescribed more often. The days of pathology-specific shoes are upon us.
By Joseph M. Mozena
Industry News & Updates
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