January 2017

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Cover Story

Patellofemoral pain subgroups: A critical first step toward personalized clinical intervention

Researchers from the UK have identified three subgroups of individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP) that can be determined using simple evidence-based clinical tests—a key first step toward developing targeted treatment strategies as part of the ongoing effort to improve PFP outcomes.

By Jessie Janssen, PhD; James Selfe, DSc; Michael Callaghan, PhD; Chris Sutton, PhD; Paola Dey, PhD; and Jim Richards, PhD

Editor Message

Out on a limb: Think outside the knee

We hear a lot about various comorbidities associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA), and how addressing those additional conditions can help improve knee pain and function. But a growing body of research suggests one set of comorbidities that knee OA experts may be overlooking are those involving the foot and ankle.

Jordana Bieze Foster, Editor


Influence of mental health on diabetic foot outcomes

As evidence accumulates suggesting negative effects of depression, dementia, and other mental health issues on gait and foot-related outcomes in people with diabetes, researchers are looking at ways to screen for risk factors and psychosocial issues earlier in the continuum of care.

By Hank Black

The role of hip extensor strength during cutting

Although most clinicians tend to emphasize hip abductor and external rotator muscle  strengthening in injury prevention and rehabilitation, recent research suggests exercises to increase explosive hip extensor strength may be critical for controlling frontal plane motion during cutting tasks.

By Marc Norcross, PhD, ATC, and Sam Johnson, PhD, ATC

Using wearable sensors to characterize CP gait

Inertial measurement units (IMUs) facilitate the creation of a gait analysis system that is portable and suited for use in the clinic. Research suggests IMUs can be used to measure clinically important gait metrics in children with cerebral palsy, which may improve patient outcomes.

By Mahmoud El-Gohary, PhD; Sean Pearson, BS; Paul Vasilyev, BS; James McNames, PhD; and James Carollo, PhD, PE

Fluoroquinolones and risk of tendon damage

As ciprofloxacin and other fluoroquino­lones are prescribed more frequently, tendon-related adverse effects are also becoming more common. Experts often do not recommend these drugs, particularly for athletes or elderly patients, and emphasize that all patients should know the risks.

By Barbara Boughton


In the Moment: Sports Medicine

Soccer gets safer: Injury trends suggest prevention payoff

Collegiate soccer injuries, particularly those at the knee and in women, decreased significantly from the early 1990s to the late 2000s, according to research from George Washington University in Washington, DC. The positive trends may reflect an increase in resources being allocated toward injury prevention along with…

By Katie Bell

Foot position during landing contributes to ankle sprains as well as ACL injuries

Foot position during landing may contribute to the risk of lateral ankle sprains as well as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, according to separate studies from Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan, and Stanford University in California.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Study finds association between triad risk classification, bone stress injuries

Nearly one third of female collegiate athletes have an elevated risk for the female athlete triad, and women in moderate- and high-risk categories for the triad also have an elevated risk of lower extremity bone stress injury (BSI), according to research from Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital in Cambridge, MA.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

In the Moment: Knee OA

Asana advantages: Yoga bests typical exercise in seniors

Yoga may be more effective than conventional exercise for improving symptoms, anxiety, and fear of falling in older patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to recent research from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis.

By Stephanie Kramer

Foot and ankle issues may boost risk of clinical and radiographic knee OA

In individuals at risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA), the presence of foot and ankle symptoms is associated with increased odds of developing symptomatic and radiographic knee OA four years later, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Bracing effects could slow progression of lateral knee OA following after ACLR

Knee bracing is associated with altered knee kinematics and kinetics during dynamic loading tasks in individuals with lateral knee osteoarthritis (OA) up to 20 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and these effects could help slow OA progression, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Parkville, Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Market Mechanics

By Emily Delzell

AAOP names new executive director, invests in O&P research initiatives

The Washington DC-based American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists (AAOP) announced in December its appointment of Chellie Hollis Blondes as executive director. Blondes has more than 25 years of management experience in the nonprofit healthcare industry and has served as…

Data back AposTherapy device for hip OA

Israeli researchers reported in January that New York, NY-based AposTherapy’s biomechanical shoe-like device, which modulates center of pressure during walking, was associated with improved gait measures and quality of life (QOL) in a yearlong longitudinal study of patients with hip osteoarthritis.

AAOS to launch open access journal

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) reported in December that it is accepting submissions for its new online-only journal, JAAOS: Global Research & Reviews, which will serve as an open access companion title to the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS).

Pedorthic org calls for scholarship bids

The Beaver Dam, WI-based Pedorthic Foundation in December announced that its scholarships for pedorthic education and training for students and continuing education for credentialed pedorthists and retail footwear professionals are open for application.

DJO Global appoints Shirley president, CEO

San Diego-based DJO Global in November appointed Brady Shirley president and CEO, succeeding Mike Mogul. Shirley most recently served as the president of DJO’s surgical business and was previously CEO and director of Innovative…

Cefalu to lead ADA science, medicine

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) in January appointed William T. Cefalu, MD, its chief scientific and medical officer (CSMO) and reported the renowned physician, educator, and researcher will begin serving in this role on February 20. He replaces Robert E. Ratner, MD, who retired on December 31 after serving as CSMO for nearly five years.

16th ISPO congress set for Cape Town

The International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics (ISPO) reported in December that its 16th World Congress is slated for May 8-11 in Cape Town, South Africa. “Assistive technology for all” is the motto for the biennial event, which this year will…

Freedom’s Carkhuff joins COPA board

Irvine, CA-based Freedom Innovations in November announced that Maynard Carkhuff, its vice chair and chief innovation officer, was elected to the California Orthotic & Prosthetic Association’s (COPA’s) board of directors at that organization’s annual meeting in San Francisco.

BOC board announces 2017 officers

The Owings Mills, MD-based Board of Certification/Accreditation (BOC) announced in January that it has elected its 2017 executive committee and made two additions to its board.

Wiley, ASBMR journal open for submissions

Hoboken, NJ-based John Wiley and Sons and The American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) in January opened submissions for its new open access peer-reviewed publication, JBMR Plus.

Algeos forecasts strong growth in 2017

Medical products specialist Algeos, headquartered in Liverpool, UK, reported on December 28 that the business had achieved a turnover of £11.2 million and profit before tax of £400,000 during the last 12 months and predicted turnover will grow to at least £11.8 million during 2017.

Dr. Comfort shoe improves foot pressure

Biomechanists from the UK reported in January that an off-the-shelf medical grade shoe made by Mequon, WI-based Dr. Comfort was associated with increased comfort and reduced forefoot pressure compared with participants’ preferred shoes.

Pacers use PhysiMax for injury prevention

Indianapolis, IN-based PhysiMax Technologies in December announced the National Basketball Association’s (NBA) Indiana Pacers will use its real-time visual analysis technology to assess player injury risk.

AOPA calls for 2017 world congress papers

The Washington, DC-based American Orthotic & Prosthetic Association (AOPA) in December called for submissions for its 2017 World Congress, scheduled for September 6-9 in Las Vegas.

Medline wins podiatry GPO contract

Responding to US Bureau of Labor statistics that estimate employment of podiatrists is expected to grow 14% by 2024, Northfield, IL-based Medline in November announced a collaboration with Indianapolis, IN-based Talar Capital Partners (TCP), a podiatry-specific Group Purchasing Organization (GPO).

USOC names Paralympian to board

The Colorado Springs, CO-based United States Olympic Committee (USOC) on January 3 announced its addition of Cheri Blauwet, MD, as an independent member of its board of directors.

Growth forecast for global orthotic mkt

A to Z Research reported in September that the global foot orthotic insoles market, valued at approximately $2.637 million in 2015, is expected to reach approximately $3.678 million by 2021, growing at a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of around 5.6% between 2016 and 2021.

Hanger foundation awards $424K in 2016

The Austin, TX-based Hanger Charitable Foundation in December completed its final round of 2016 grants, awarding $225,000 to five nonprofits, the foundation reported. These awards bring the foundation’s total 2016 grants awarded to more than $424,000, given to 25 organizations, according to a Hanger release.


Coral Cinnamon Supplement

Coral introduces Coral Cinnamon 6—a supplement designed to harness cinnamon’s ability to assist the body in regulating glucose, which can help relieve symptoms associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Vegetarian capsules of Coral Cinnamon 6 deliver calcium from…

Therafirm Ease Microfiber Socks

Therafirm introduces Ease Microfiber Thigh Highs and Knee Highs to round out the Ease Microfiber line. Like the previously released tights, the new stockings are made with high stretch microfiber yarns that facilitate donning and doffing.

Vero and Vue Vicon Cameras

Vicon’s two new cameras, Vero and Vue, join the company’s flagship camera, Vantage, to form a new product family. Vero is an affordable system suited to a wide range of applications with an optical high-resolution camera range that offers power, performance, flexibility, and…

Insite Insoles for Athletes

The Insite Insoles team has created an after-market line of insoles that are engineered specifically for athletes and athletic footwear. Insite’s insoles can be used for preventing injuries like plantar fasciitis, tendinitis, shin splits, and other sports-related injuries caused by…

Spectrum Trail Midweight Crew

Injinji offers the new Spectrum Trail Midweight Crew sock, engineered for runners’ comfort and fit while traversing unpredictable terrain. This midcalf sock incorporates design elements to optimize fit, feel, and protection in any shoe, allowing the wearer to focus on running.

Moji Foot Pro Massage Tool

Designed for runners, but with universal lower extremity appeal, the Moji Foot Pro is a device designed to relieve foot pain by stretching and massaging the entire plantar fascia, providing intense deep tissue kneading. The unit features six stainless steel rotating massage spheres…

Stability+ Walking Poles

Exerstrider Products introduces the new Stability+ Medisport ergonomically designed walking poles, designed to meet the needs of podiatric, physical therapy, and orthopedic professionals and their patients. The medical-grade aluminum alloy Stability+ telescoping poles…

FS6+ Foot and Calf Sleeve

Allied OSI Labs adds the OS1st FS6+ Compression Foot & Calf Sleeve to its growing catalog for foot and ankle practices’ dispensing programs. The FS6+ Compression Sleeve is designed to prevent and/or relieve pain associated with plantar fasciitis, shin splints, leg cramps, and…

Stride Short Low-profile Insoles

Building on the success of the company’s Stride insoles, Tread Labs introduces the Stride Short orthotic insole—a 2/3-length product designed for lower volume shoes that may not have a removable insole. Stride Short insoles feature molded poly­propylene arch…

Exos Free Motion Ankle

DJO Global now offers the Exos Free Motion Ankle—a prefabricated ankle foot orthosis that can be fully customized and formed to the patient, providing functional stabilization of the ankle-foot complex and addressing bony abnormality, chronic instability, and…

Apex Bunion Night Splint

Apex Bunion Night Splints help keep the big toe aligned and comfort the pain associated with bunions. The soft bumper pad cushions the big toe, while the adjustable hook and loop strap acts as a lever to gradually align the big toe toward its natural position.

ActivMotion Bar Exercise Guide

OPTP has published a new physical therapy exercise guide for the ActivMotion Bar. The 50-page, softcover Activating Functional Mobility manual is designed to help patients develop strength, mobility, and balance. It features a full-body training program, including…