August 2015

Download the Complete issue as a PDF (8mb)

Download the Complete issue as a PDF (8mb)

Cover Story

Sports compression garments: the expectations vs the evidence

Research suggests that compression garments can be effective for improving muscle recovery after fatiguing exercise, but has found little to indicate an athletic performance benefit.

By P.K. Daniel

Editor Message

Out on a limb: Hands-free therapy

My former company launched a publication called Telehealth in 1998. Nearly two decades later, that magazine no longer exists, and telemedicine hasn’t revolutionized healthcare the way some thought it would. But advances are being made, and researchers are demonstrating that the potential applications for remote healthcare include…

By Jordana Bieze Foster, Editor

august-pediatrics-cover-smSpecial Educational Series: Pediatrics

From the editor: A matter of perspective

Often, especially when talking about family or intimate relationships, people qualify the meaning of normal— adding “whatever that means.” In pediatric gait training, though, normative values do exist, and parents and practitioners commonly strive to help children achieve these benchmarks.

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SPECIAL REPORT: London Show Exhibition

shoes-featureIt may seem a bit odd that Clarks would sponsor an exhibit called “Shoes: Pleasure and Pain” at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, UK. After all, the company is known for producing very practical footwear, including the Desert Boot, which would seem out of step with the exhibit’s declaration that it highlights the “impractical, un-functional and overly decorated.”

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By Shalmali Pal


Running modifications to alter PFJ contact force

Patellofemoral pain interventions have increasingly focused on running technique and training approaches—such as utilization of a forefoot strike pattern, a shortened step length, and manipulations to training pace—to reduce patellofemoral joint loading parameters.

By Collin D. Bowersock, BS, and John D. Willson, PT, PhD

Researchers inch toward understanding of PTTD

In recent years, studies have elucidated aspects of the biomechanical effects of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction that may ultimately lead to improvements in treatment. But it isn’t always clear which factors contribute to PTTD and which
develop in response.

By Cary Groner

Vitamin D deficiency and risk of fracture in football players

Many US football players have lower than adequate serum vitamin D levels, but questions remain about the potential benefits of proactive treatment with supplementation to address vitamin D deficiency and reduce the risk of fracture in this
patient population.

By Mark A. Duca, MD; Christina M. Mathyssek, PhD; Jeffrey W. Bost, PA-C; and Joseph C. Maroon, MD

Contributors to pediatric ACL surgery outcomes

Different factors influence outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in younger and older pediatric patients, but regardless of age, a delay to surgery is correlated with more severe additional injuries and the need for additional surgical procedures.

By Justin T. Newman, MD


In the Moment: Sports Medicine

By Barbara Boughton and Jordana Bieze Foster

Healing hamstrings: Sport-specific factors affect return to play

A new study of more than 500 hamstring injuries sustained by collegiate soccer players provides evidence that return to participation after these strains is influenced by factors other than an athlete’s strength and flexibility.

By Barbara Boughton

Self-reported information helps predict knee injury risk in female soccer players

Two self-reported measures are significantly associated with risk of knee injury in adolescent female soccer players, according to a Danish study that could have implications for screening.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Baseball season takes toll on hip strength and range of motion in collegiate pitchers

Hip range of motion (ROM) and strength in collegiate baseball pitchers decrease significantly over the course of a competitive season, but these changes are not associated with pitching workload, according to research from the University of Florida in Gainesville.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

In the Moment: Knee OA

By John C. Hayes and Jordana Bieze Foster

Telerehabilitation after TKA: Remote PT matches in-person outcomes

In a randomized trial said by its authors to be the largest of its kind, patients receiving in-home therapy after total knee arthroplasty had equivalent outcomes whether they saw a therapist face-to-face or via a video- and sound-connected “visit” from a remote location.

By John C. Hayes

Muscle force changes vary after gait modification to reduce knee moment

A single gait modification to reduce knee adduction moment in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with muscle force pattern changes that vary from one patient to another, according to research from Shanghai, China.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

OA treatment outperforms usual care with regard to pain but not sensitization

The mechanism by which an integrated nonsurgical treatment program reduces pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) does not appear to involve pain sensitization, according to research from Denmark.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Market Mechanics

By Emily Delzell

NAAOP moves to block Medicare policy that ‘would return amputees to 70s care’

The National Association for the Advancement of Orthotics & Prosthetics (NAAOP) in August created a petition calling for the White House to rescind Medi­care’s recently published draft policy for Local Coverage Determination for Lower Limb Prosthetics.

AOPA names lifetime achievement winner

The Washington, DC-based American Orthotic & Prosthetic Association (AOPA) reported in July plans to honor Thomas V. DiBello, CO, with its Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2015 AOPA National Assembly in San Antonio, TX.

Converse revamps classic shoe for comfort

Boston-based Converse in August launched a new version of its classic Chuck Taylor sneaker, reporting the new shoe is redesigned for comfort with technology from its parent company Nike, headquartered in Beaverton, OR.

DJO launches wireless stimulation device

DJO Global in July received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval to begin sales of the San Diego-based company’s wireless electric muscle stimulation device.

IOC calls for world conference proposals

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) in July called for proposals for its 2017 IOC World Conference on Prevention of Injury & Illness in Sport.

AOFAS releases plantar fasciitis guide

The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) teamed up with Consumer Reports Health to produce a patient handout that it released in July focusing on conservative treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF).

ETH Zürich announces ‘Cybathlon’ event

Swiss university ETH (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule) Zürich will hold in October 2016 a new championship event for individuals who use advanced assistive devices.

Rogers renames elastomeric division

Woodbury, CT-based Rogers Corporation on July 29 changed the name of its High Performance Foams Division to Elastomeric Material Solutions to better reflect its growing range of high-performance engineered materials solutions and capabilities to meet customer needs.

Alliqua markets graft for tendon repair

Langhorne, PA-based Alliqua Biomedical in July reported that its exclusive licensing agreement with Summit, NJ-based Celgene Cellular Therapeutics now includes the right to market an advanced wound care product for podiatric and orthopedic applications.

Ortho devices report predicts $940M rise

London, UK-based health industry research firm GlobalData reported on July 30 that the global orthopedic braces and orthotics market will rise from $2.56 billion in 2014 to reach just under $3.5 billion by 2021, largely driven by an aging population and patient preference for braces and supports as noninvasive treatment options.

POI names Bach new editor in chief

The International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics in July named Australian biomechanist Timothy Bach, PhD, editor in chief of its flagship journal, Prosthetics and Orthotics International (POI).

Therafirm sponsors Kenyan runner

Kansas City, KA-based Therafirm and Auburn, ME-based Bedard Pharmacy and Medical Supplies are supporting Kenyan runner Moninda Marube on a cross-country run he began July 1 to raise awareness of human trafficking.

Nike launches easy-don Flyease high-tops

Beaverton, OR-based Nike on July 18 began selling its new Flyease athletic shoe, designed for quick no-lace donning by people with disabilities, in limited quantities on


Synxsole Foot Orthoses

Designed by Australian podiatrists with more than 22 years of combined experience, Synxsole foot orthoses are slim, shock absorbing, and affordable. Synxsoles’ design delivers increased stability across the forefoot and midfoot…

Heel Lift Ankle Sock

G&W Heel Lift now offers the Heel Lift Ankle Sock. This new ankle sock has a therapy pocket concealed inside the sock to hold heel lifts for secure placement while wearing sandals or flip-flops. Because the sock does not cover…

TurboToe Overshoe

The TurboToe safety overshoe is designed to protect the forefoot from accidental impact. The TurboToe is now available in a new XXS size with a purple toe cover, which fits North American men’s sizes 2-4 and women’s sizes…

Book for Patients With Chronic Pain

Patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) now have a new tool to begin a path to recovery. Why Are My Nerves So Sensitive? is written by three physical therapists affiliated with the International Spine & Pain Institute…

Run 2.0 Women’s Sock

Injinji is a sock company dedicated to the health and performance of feet. The company now introduces the Women’s Run 2.0 sock. The Women’s Specific Run 2.0 features material with increased two-way stretch to provide better…

Elite Ortho Knee Braces

New from Elite Orthopaedics are three knee braces: the Range of Motion Hinged Knee Wrap, the Post Operative Range of Motion Knee Brace Light, and the Post Operative Range of Motion Knee Brace Standard.

Queen Cobra Foot Orthosis

Footmaxx introduces the new Queen Cobra Orthotic, a cobra-cut custom foot orthosis designed to fit in the slimmest, tightest-fitting shoes. Handcrafted, Queen Cobra is a sulcus-length orthotic device with a vinyl top cover…

I-Runner Pro Athletic Shoes

I-Runner Shoes announces the addition of two new Medicare-approved athletic shoes, both with highly slip-resistant outsoles. The I-Runner Pro models are all black, one in mesh and the other leather. They feature a deep, wide…

Plantar Fasciitis Sleeve

Three of the most commonly prescribed methods for plantar fasciitis relief include taping, stretching, and compression therapy. The new Nice Stretch Plantar Fasciitis Sleeve from Brownmed combines all three treatment protocols into one unique sleeve that is comfortable enough to wear all day.

Purple Gel Foot Pads

Dr. Jill’s Foot Pads introduces Purple Gel Pads, distinctively colored to be more easily visible than a clear gel pad if accidentally dropped. Purple Gel Pads come in five shapes: ball foot cushions (in 1/8″ or 1/4″ thickness)…

Soft Opaque Hose in Pecan

Sigvaris’s Soft Opaque hosiery line is created for women who want the look and feel of designer hosiery and the medical benefit of graduated compression. Now Soft Opaque garments come in a new pecan shade designed to look natural against the skin while helping to disguise varicose veins, spider veins, and bruising…

Two-toned Quikiks

Quikiks Hands-Free Shoes are now available in new contemporary two-tone styles. Created in response to customer feedback, the new color combinations include a white and navy upper with a black outsole and an all-black leather…