Search Results for: biomechanics

May 2015

Dual-task gait: The potential influence of orthotic devices

Clinicians know walking while performing a secondary task can be particularly difficult for elderly patients or those with neuromuscular impairments. But new research suggests the use of orthotic devices may improve dual-task gait, which could significantly improve quality of life.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

May 2015

Orthotic management: A symptom-based, dynamic approach

Orthotic devices, tailored to each patient and adjusted for disease progression, can improve mvobility by addressing gait impairments and maintaining stability.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

April 2015

Inclination insights: Ankle motion predicts wedge insole effect

Motion analysis of the ankle joint complex may predict how a patient with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) will respond to using a lateral wedge insole, according to a new study from the University of Salford in the UK.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

April 2015

The perils of poses: Yoga-related injuries

Yoga is becoming increasingly popular with students looking to improve strength, flexibility, balance, and well being. But those who do too much, too soon are at risk for injury.

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

April 2015

Risk of overuse injury in high school athletes

Roughly 60% of overuse injuries in high school athletes occur in the lower extremities, injuries that are increasing in number as more students participate in sports. Treatment involves rest and correction of biomechanical deficiencies, and should be individualized to each athlete.

By Allison Schroeder; James Onate, PhD, AT, ATC, FNATA; and Thomas Best, MD, PhD Continue reading

April 2015

APTA’s revised heel pain guidelines spur dialogue

The American Physical Therapy Association has updated its 2008 guidelines on the nonsurgical treatment of heel pain with a bolstered evidence base, but lower extremity practitioners continue to debate the clinical merits and most effective applications of certain newer therapies.

By Hank Black Continue reading

March 2015

Hewett to head Mayo sports med research

Sports medicine expert Timothy E. Hewett, PhD, will join the Mayo Clinic on July 1 as director of sports medicine research and biomechanics. Continue reading

March 2015

Retraining gains: In-field cadence cues reduce impacts

In-field gait retraining, which cues a modest increase in step rate, can help address biomechanical risk factors associated with tibial stress fracture in runners, according to research from East Carolina University in Greenville, NC. Continue reading

March 2015

The role of hip strength in ACL rehabilitation

A protocol that includes isolated hip strength­ening exercises during the early stages of postoperative rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction may provide a platform on which to build in the later stages of rehab and may predict future performance.

By J. Craig Garrison, PhD, PT, ATC, SCS Continue reading

March 2015

Elastic therapeutic tape: The search for evidence

Athletes swear by it, but quality studies on elastic therapeutic tape are hard to come by, and the literature is littered with conflicting or inconclusive findings about the technique’s efficacy…

By Cary Groner Continue reading

March 2015

Low back pain and risk of lower extremity injury

Low back pain is associated with kinematic and kinetic alterations that can increase the risk of lower extremity injury, parti­cularly in the presence of fatigue. New research suggests…

By Ram Haddas, PhD Continue reading

February 2015

Progressive strengthening improves function after total knee arthroplasty

Patients who do progressive strengthening exercises after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are significantly more likely than those who do conventional rehabilitation to have normal-range functional outcomes at one year, according to research from the University of Delaware. Continue reading

February 2015

Shoe flexibility influences gait characteristics in early walkers

A recent study published in the winter issue of Pediatric Physical Therapy found that children just learning to walk may have altered gait characteristics when wearing flexible shoes.

By Erin Boutwell Continue reading

LER: Pediatrics – February 2015

Editor Message Sizing up the evidence Evidence-based medicine, defined literally, depends on the existence of studies that justify treatment decisions. But, too often, practitioners who specialize in pediatric lower extremity care find that the only evidence they have to draw … Continue reading

December 2014

igli insoles emphasize easy adjustability, customization, and control

medi USA, the US subsidiary of the German company medi, is continuing to bring innovations to its igli line of carbon fiber insole products, with a particular emphasis on the brand’s roots in pediatric orthoses. Continue reading

December 2014

OHI’s overriding goal is to deliver ever-greater value to its customers

When Frazier Healthcare acquired Orthotic Holdings, Inc. (OHI) in April 2013, they saw an opportunity to build a lower extremity juggernaut. The strategy, in an increasingly fragmented market, was to unite several leading brands… Continue reading

February 2015

High-intensity training: assessing injury risks

As increasing numbers of fitness enthusiasts embrace high-intensity training, reports of injuries have sparked a debate among clinicians about the benefits and risks associated with these programs.

By Cary Groner

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February 2015

Knee OA brace experts revisit persistent issues

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses show that bracing for knee osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with significant benefits with regard to pain and function. But links to disease progression remain elusive, and the challenges of patient compliance are becoming even more complicated.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

January 2015

NCV Custom Foot Orthoses

Combining 50 years of experience with high quality and a desire to meet the needs of today’s healthcare professionals, Northwest Podiatric Laboratory introduces NCV custom foot orthoses. This all-new material … Continue reading

January 2015

Sensory-targeted ankle rehabilitation strategies

Current treatments for chronic ankle instability (CAI) may be ineffective in reducing its development and recurrence. To help address this issue, the authors have proposed a new treatment paradigm based on …

By Patrick O. McKeon, PhD, ATC, CSCS, and Erik A. Wikstrom, PhD, ATC, FACSM Continue reading

January 2015

Implications of reduced stride length in running

Decreasing stride length during running has been shown to result in biomechanical changes that are associated with reduced loading of biological tissues and, by extension, also may reduce the …

By Melissa A. Thompson, PhD, and Kristine M. Hoffman, DPM Continue reading

January 2015

Clinical utility of the FMS and its component tasks

Although some research has found that using the composite score for the seven component tasks of the Functional Movement Screen is a reliable way to predict risk of injury in athletes, other studies …

By Erin Hartigan, PT, DPT, OCS, PhD, ATC; Nicole Chimera, PhD, ATC, CSCS; and Sarah Lamberton, NSCA-CPT Continue reading

January 2015

Effects of unstable shoes: Many questions remain

Current research suggests that relatively small but statistically significant changes are associated in the short term with the use of unstable shoes. However, it is unclear if those changes are clinically meaningful, or whether long-term use would yield greater or diminished results.

By Jacob Gardner, PhD Continue reading

November 2014

Parents: How to make them your clinical allies

While the patient is always the practitionerʼs first priority, establishing a convivial relationship with a childʼs parents can mean the difference between victory and failure when it comes to diagnosing, treating, and rehabilitating lower extremity problems in pediatric patients.

By Shalmali Pal Continue reading

November 2014

Study finds Langer brace immediately improves balance among older adults

A custom ankle foot orthosis (AFO) made by Ronkonkoma, NY-based Langer Biomechanics produced immediate improvements in postural sway and lower extremity coordination in older adults without limiting functional performance, according to a study epublished October 29 by Clinical Biomechanics. Continue reading