The achievement of independent walking is a major focus of rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy (CP). Even when mobility could be achieved more easily through the use of assistive technologies such as wheelchairs, independent walking is typically pursued as a major rehabilitation goal and other forms of mobility are often discouraged.
By Barbara E. Gibson, BMR(PT), MSc, PhD
Evidence suggests that when an athlete stops or tapers his or her training, the resulting effects on endurance, strength, balance, and lower extremity biomechanics may increase the risk of injury. Understanding these effects can help practitioners minimize injury risks.
By Boyi Dai, PhD, and Jason C. Gillette, PhD
This two-part series examines trends in materials development and fabrication. This first installment focuses on how material strength, stiffness, and other variables affect the structural properties and design of orthotic and prosthetic devices.
By Cary Groner
Children’s shoes often are designed to look like adult shoes but lack the same structural components. Perhaps not surprisingly, research has demonstrated that running kinematics and kinetics differ significantly between seemingly similar child and adult shoes.
By Janet S. Dufek, PhD, Dana Forrest, MS, and John A. Mercer, PhD
Interventions to improve postural control in patients with functional ankle instability include strength training, balance training, taping, bracing, and foot orthoses, but further research is needed to determine which therapeutic approaches work best in which patients.
By Janet Simon, MS, ATC, Emily Hall, MS, ATC, and Carrie Docherty, PhD, ATC
Whole body vibration may help improve strength and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis and may even slow disease progression. But contradictory findings, a lack of consensus on optimal parameters, and safety issues have even WBV advocates proceeding with caution.
By Cary Groner
Prevention and treatment of foot ulcers in patients with diabetes requires an understanding of the various factors that contribute to increased risk, including anatomical deformity, poor vascular function, and diminished capacity for healing at a microscopic level.
By Allyson Berglund, DPM, Matthew Juriga, DPM, Aristidis Veves, MD, DSc, and Thanh Dinh, DPM
In the Moment: Footwear
By Jordana Bieze Foster