Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

September 2015

Annual emergency care for DFUs tops $8B, complications plague rural poor

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) cost $8.78 billion per year in emergency department (ED) care and subsequent inpatient admissions, with the rural poor at particularly high risk for serious complications, according to… Continue reading

August 2015

Healing hamstrings: Sport-specific factors affect return to play

A new study of more than 500 hamstring injuries sustained by collegiate soccer players provides evidence that return to participation after these strains is influenced by factors other than an athlete’s strength and flexibility.

By Barbara Boughton Continue reading

August 2015

Self-reported information helps predict knee injury risk in female soccer players

Two self-reported measures are significantly associated with risk of knee injury in adolescent female soccer players, according to a Danish study that could have implications for screening.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

August 2015

Baseball season takes toll on hip strength and range of motion in collegiate pitchers

Hip range of motion (ROM) and strength in collegiate baseball pitchers decrease significantly over the course of a competitive season, but these changes are not associated with pitching workload, according to research from the University of Florida in Gainesville.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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August 2015

Telerehabilitation after TKA: Remote PT matches in-person outcomes

In a randomized trial said by its authors to be the largest of its kind, patients receiving in-home therapy after total knee arthroplasty had equivalent outcomes whether they saw a therapist face-to-face or via a video- and sound-connected “visit” from a remote location.

By John C. Hayes

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August 2015

Muscle force changes vary after gait modification to reduce knee moment

A single gait modification to reduce knee adduction moment in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with muscle force pattern changes that vary from one patient to another, according to research from Shanghai, China.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

August 2015

OA treatment outperforms usual care with regard to pain but not sensitization

The mechanism by which an integrated nonsurgical treatment program reduces pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) does not appear to involve pain sensitization, according to research from Denmark.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

July 2015

Speed trap: Slowest seniors have increased mortality

Gait speeds less than .6 m/s, a threshold that has been recommended as an indicator of mobility-related health problems, also confer a significantly increased risk of two-year mortality in hospitalized older patients, according to a recent prospective study. Continue reading

July 2015

In children with CP, gait impairment correlates with daily step activity level

In children with cerebral palsy (CP), gait impairment has a moderate relationship with daily step count and high daily activity levels, according to research from the University of Auckland in Australia. Continue reading

July 2015

Step width, length variables may help predict fall-related risks in older adults

Step width (SW), step length (SL), and a ratio of the two variables may help predict falls and fall-related injuries in older adults with and without diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), according to research from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Continue reading

June 2015

Concussion chronicity: Balance deficits persist long term

Postural control deficits in concussed athletes remain long after their clinical symptoms have resolved, and earlier return to activity exacerbates those lingering effects, according to research presented in May at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) in San Diego. Continue reading

June 2015

Patients with ankle instability respond to auditory feedback by changing gait

Plantar pressure-based auditory feedback is associated with changes in plantar pressure and muscle activation during gait in patients with chronic ankle instability, according to research from the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Continue reading

June 2015

One workshop prepares youth coaches to implement knee injury prevention

Youth soccer coaches can successfully implement an injury prevention program after a single 90-minute training workshop, according to research presented in May at the ACSM meeting. Continue reading

June 2015

Running shoe reveal: Study links max cushioning, higher load

Researchers from the Spaulding National Running Center at the Harvard Medical School in Cambridge, MA, have found that running in highly cushioned shoes is not associated with lower impact forces than conventional running shoes. Continue reading

June 2015

Balance data suggest somatosensory benefit of minimalist footwear design

Minimalist shoes are associated with better balance performance than clog-style molded plastic shoes or flip-flops, according to a study from the University of Mississippi in Oxford. Continue reading

June 2015

Dynamic arch height in runners differs significantly from static measurement

Dynamic measures of arch height in runners are significantly different from static measures, according to research from Brigham Young University in Provo, UT. Continue reading

May 2015

Algorithmic approach: Goal-based system relieves PFP symptoms

A new treatment algorithm for patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), designed by researchers at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, OH, was associated with clinically significant improvement in pain and disability in a
recent pilot study.

By P.K. Daniel

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May 2015

Patients cleared 6 months after ACL injury still have functional limitations

Patients cleared to return to play six months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction do not appear to have significantly better functional ability than those who are not cleared, according to research from Duke University Medical Center in Durham, NC.

By P.K. Daniel

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May 2015

Back pain, core weakness predict risk of sprains, strains in college football

Mild low back dysfunction and poor core muscle endurance are modifiable predictors of core and lower extremity sprains and strains in college football, according to a study from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga that analyzed three seasons of data.

By P.K. Daniel

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May 2015

Lumbar link? Ankle, spinal pathologies coexist in cadavers

Practitioners treating a patient with ankle osteoarthritis (OA) may want to ask if the patient has a history of back pain, according to a recent study that found an association between lumbar disc degeneration and ankle OA in cadavers.

By Larry Hand

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May 2015

Knee and hip OA significantly impact quality of life in younger adult patients

Adults aged between 20 and 55 years with hip or knee osteo­arthritis (OA) report significantly higher levels of distress and disability and poorer health-related quality of life than the general population for that age range, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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May 2015

Symptoms precede tibiofemoral radiographic changes by 2-3 years

Incident radiographic knee OA is preceded by two to three years of prodromal symptoms, which may present an opportunity for intervention, according to research from Keele University in Staffordshire, UK.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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April 2015

At-risk youth: ACL revisions plague pediatric populations

Two large studies presented in late March at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) added to the evidence that pediatric patients have an elevated risk of surgical revision after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction…

By Jordana Bieze Foster  Continue reading

April 2015

Most NFL players successfully return from Lisfranc injury, but it takes time

Almost all National Football League (NFL) players who sustain tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) joint injuries return to competition, but very few do so quickly, according to research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

April 2015

Habitual foot-strike patterns may persist in older runners after switch from shoes

Experienced runners older than 30 years are less likely than adolescents to change foot strike pattern when switching from traditional running shoes to barefoot running, which may increase their risk of injury, according to a study from the University of Kansas in Kansas City.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading