Category Archives: Clinical News

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November 2014

Training to increase running cadence alters biomechanics but not efficiency

Six weeks of training to increase running cadence is associated with significant changes in kinematics and vertical loading rate, but does not affect running efficiency, according to research from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Continue reading

November 2014

ATFL data suggest ligament thickening after sprain does not cause instability

Both ankle sprain copers and patients with chronic ankle instability have thickened anterior talofibular ligaments (ATFL), suggesting that these structural changes are not the cause of chronic instability, according to research from the University of Evansville in Indiana. Continue reading

October 2014

Poses for postural stability: Yoga enhances balance in older fallers

Findings of a randomized controlled trial published in the September issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation suggest a 12-week yoga program modified for older fallers may be as effective as tai chi and…

By Greg Gargiulo Continue reading

October 2014

Orthoses add no benefit to eccentric calf training for Achilles tendinopathy

Customized foot orthoses are no more effective than sham orthoses for improving pain and function in patients with Achilles tendinopathy when used in combination with eccentric calf exercises, according to research from…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2014

RCT finds exercise therapy improves pain, function in patients with hip OA

Twelve weeks of exercise therapy can significantly reduce pain and improve function in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA), according to a randomized controlled trial from German researchers.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2014

Uneven numbers: TAA bests ankle fusion on stairs, inclines

End-stage ankle arthritis patients who receive a newer-generation total joint implant function slightly but significantly better when walking on uneven surfaces than patients who undergo ankle arthro­desis, according to a recent pro­spective study.

By Hank Black

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October 2014

Knee OA patients demonstrate limited range of motion at midfoot and hallux

Moderate to severe medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with limited range of motion at the midfoot and hallux during barefoot walking—gait alterations that may influence the effects of footwear and orthoses in this…

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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October 2014

Faster running speed increases load at the ankle more than at the knee

Increasing running speed in recreational runners has greater kinetic effects at the ankle than the knee, according to research from Denmark that may have implications for injury prevention.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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September 2014

Achilles oddity: Heeled shoes may boost load during gait

A recent study using innovative technology has questioned the potential role of standard running shoes with slightly elevated heels for the prevention and treatment of Achilles tendon pathology.

By Hank Black Continue reading

September 2014

Patients with MS exhibit better balance, neural changes after Wii-based training

Using a video game balance board that provides high intensity, task-oriented, visual feedback training induces favorable short-term changes in brain microarchitecture related to movement and balance in people with multiple sclerosis, according to a study conducted by …

By Emily Delzell

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September 2014

Vibration intervention helps counteract induced arthrogenic muscle inhibition

Both direct local muscle vibration (LMV) and whole body vibration (WBV) improve quadriceps arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI), according to a study from neuromuscular researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The findings suggest vibratory stimuli can enhance …

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

August 2014

Making history: Nurse is first US osseointegrated amputee

It was a first for Las Vegas physical therapist Edward Dolegowski, PT: An amputee reported that her prosthesis felt like her leg.

By Samantha Rosenblum Continue reading

August 2014

Weight-bearing casts for Achilles tear keep pace with nonweight-bearing

Use of a weight-bearing cast for the nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture produces outcomes that are at least equivalent to traditional nonweight-bearing casts, according to a randomized controlled trial from researchers in Auckland, New Zealand.

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

August 2014

AFO users retain deficits in function, blood flow many years after stroke

People who use an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) after a stroke retain significant deficits in neuromuscular function and blood flow many years later, according to research from the University of Oklahoma in Oklahoma City.

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

July 2014

Screening gets specific: Functional testing studies sharpen focus

As evidence accumulates in support of functional movement testing for predicting injury risk, researchers are taking a closer look at how functional screening can be applied to specific athlete populations.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

July 2014

Athletes with hip flexor tightness have reduced gluteus maximus activation

Hip flexor tightness is associated with reduced gluteus maximus activation during an overhead squat, according to findings from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) that are consistent with…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

July 2014

Hip exercises boost postural control in individuals with ankle instability

Four weeks of hip external rotator and abductor strengthening significantly improves postural control in patients with functional ankle instability (FAI) and may be useful for preventing recurrent instability…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

July 2014

An ill windlass: Neuropathy is associated with impairment

Windlass mechanism impairment is evident in patients with diabetic neuropathy and could contribute to increased plantar pressures and ulceration risk, according to research from the …

By P.K. Daniel Continue reading

July 2014

Many who consider their feet normal have abnormalities, loss of sensation

Self-reported information about foot health from patients with type 2 diabetes, particularly those with peripheral neuropathy, is not reliable, according to research from the University of Western Australia in Perth.

By P.K. Daniel Continue reading

July 2014

Depression-like symptoms improve after diabetes distress interventions

Patients with diabetes often struggle with depression-like feelings, but research suggests those symptoms may not need to be treated as a comorbid psychiatric condition.

By P.K. Daniel Continue reading

June 2014

Strength and concussion

Torque deficits may put limbs at risk – Changes in muscle strength in athletes who have experienced a concussion may help explain the apparent association between concussion and lower extremity injury…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2014

Biomarkers suggest link between OA, stiff landing after ACL reconstruction

Knee stiffness during landing in patients who have had anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is associated with biomarkers for cartilage degeneration, suggesting that a stiff landing technique may increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2014

Ankle bracing, taping do not diminish soccer-specific athletic performance

Contrary to popular opinion among soccer players, ankle bracing and taping do not adversely affect soccer-specific athletic performance in experienced athletes, according to research presented in May at the annual ACSM meeting.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2014

Correcting hallux valgus

Surgery may restore sensation at great toe – Although some research has described sensory nerve dysfunction as a potential complication of hallux valgus surgery, most patients undergoing the procedure have measureable preoperative deficits—and most of these…

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

June 2014

Varied factors affect emotional issues related to painful diabetic neuropathy

A detailed look at factors related to emotional distress in patients with painful diabetic neuropathy found that, among other issues, being socially isolated increases anxiety and can worsen individuals’ experience of pain and quality of life.

By Emily Delzell Continue reading