Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

July 2015

Step width, length variables may help predict fall-related risks in older adults

Step width (SW), step length (SL), and a ratio of the two variables may help predict falls and fall-related injuries in older adults with and without diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), according to research from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. Continue reading

June 2015

Concussion chronicity: Balance deficits persist long term

Postural control deficits in concussed athletes remain long after their clinical symptoms have resolved, and earlier return to activity exacerbates those lingering effects, according to research presented in May at the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) in San Diego. Continue reading

June 2015

Patients with ankle instability respond to auditory feedback by changing gait

Plantar pressure-based auditory feedback is associated with changes in plantar pressure and muscle activation during gait in patients with chronic ankle instability, according to research from the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Continue reading

June 2015

One workshop prepares youth coaches to implement knee injury prevention

Youth soccer coaches can successfully implement an injury prevention program after a single 90-minute training workshop, according to research presented in May at the ACSM meeting. Continue reading

June 2015

Running shoe reveal: Study links max cushioning, higher load

Researchers from the Spaulding National Running Center at the Harvard Medical School in Cambridge, MA, have found that running in highly cushioned shoes is not associated with lower impact forces than conventional running shoes. Continue reading

June 2015

Balance data suggest somatosensory benefit of minimalist footwear design

Minimalist shoes are associated with better balance performance than clog-style molded plastic shoes or flip-flops, according to a study from the University of Mississippi in Oxford. Continue reading

June 2015

Dynamic arch height in runners differs significantly from static measurement

Dynamic measures of arch height in runners are significantly different from static measures, according to research from Brigham Young University in Provo, UT. Continue reading

May 2015

Algorithmic approach: Goal-based system relieves PFP symptoms

A new treatment algorithm for patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), designed by researchers at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, OH, was associated with clinically significant improvement in pain and disability in a
recent pilot study.

By P.K. Daniel

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May 2015

Patients cleared 6 months after ACL injury still have functional limitations

Patients cleared to return to play six months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction do not appear to have significantly better functional ability than those who are not cleared, according to research from Duke University Medical Center in Durham, NC.

By P.K. Daniel

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May 2015

Back pain, core weakness predict risk of sprains, strains in college football

Mild low back dysfunction and poor core muscle endurance are modifiable predictors of core and lower extremity sprains and strains in college football, according to a study from the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga that analyzed three seasons of data.

By P.K. Daniel

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May 2015

Lumbar link? Ankle, spinal pathologies coexist in cadavers

Practitioners treating a patient with ankle osteoarthritis (OA) may want to ask if the patient has a history of back pain, according to a recent study that found an association between lumbar disc degeneration and ankle OA in cadavers.

By Larry Hand

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May 2015

Knee and hip OA significantly impact quality of life in younger adult patients

Adults aged between 20 and 55 years with hip or knee osteo­arthritis (OA) report significantly higher levels of distress and disability and poorer health-related quality of life than the general population for that age range, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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May 2015

Symptoms precede tibiofemoral radiographic changes by 2-3 years

Incident radiographic knee OA is preceded by two to three years of prodromal symptoms, which may present an opportunity for intervention, according to research from Keele University in Staffordshire, UK.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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April 2015

At-risk youth: ACL revisions plague pediatric populations

Two large studies presented in late March at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) added to the evidence that pediatric patients have an elevated risk of surgical revision after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction…

By Jordana Bieze Foster  Continue reading

April 2015

Most NFL players successfully return from Lisfranc injury, but it takes time

Almost all National Football League (NFL) players who sustain tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) joint injuries return to competition, but very few do so quickly, according to research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

April 2015

Habitual foot-strike patterns may persist in older runners after switch from shoes

Experienced runners older than 30 years are less likely than adolescents to change foot strike pattern when switching from traditional running shoes to barefoot running, which may increase their risk of injury, according to a study from the University of Kansas in Kansas City.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

April 2015

Inclination insights: Ankle motion predicts wedge insole effect

Motion analysis of the ankle joint complex may predict how a patient with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) will respond to using a lateral wedge insole, according to a new study from the University of Salford in the UK.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

April 2015

MRI reveals cartilage change associated with altered kinematics after ACL injury

Altered tibial position during flexion and extension one year after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is associated with early cartilage changes, according to research presented in late March in Las Vegas at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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April 2015

Ankle fracture patients have elevated levels of synovial biomarkers for OA

Patients with acute intra-articular ankle fractures demonstrate elevated levels of biomarkers that are commonly associated with osteoarthritis (OA), suggesting that the degenerative process that leads…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

March 2015

Retraining gains: In-field cadence cues reduce impacts

In-field gait retraining, which cues a modest increase in step rate, can help address biomechanical risk factors associated with tibial stress fracture in runners, according to research from East Carolina University in Greenville, NC. Continue reading

March 2015

Study finds triceps surae injury rate associated with age in soccer players

Older elite male soccer players sustain significantly more triceps surae injuries than do their younger counterparts, and could benefit from targeted training to prevent such injuries… Continue reading

March 2015

Most baseball players return from ACL reconstruction, but play in fewer games

Nearly all Major League Baseball position players who undergo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction return to play at least 30 games, but those who do return play in fewer games… Continue reading

March 2015

Double bonus: AFOs improve dual-task gait in two ways

Wearing ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) is associated with both physical and cognitive performance during dual-task gait in children with myelomeningocele, according to research presented in… Continue reading

March 2015

Plantar flexion resistance alters knee flexion, foot strike in stroke patients

Increasing the plantar flexion resistance of an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) reduces knee hyperextension and changes foot strike pattern during gait in chronic stroke patients, according to research presented in… Continue reading

March 2015

More restrictive orthotic devices boost balance over time in children with CP

Balance improves over time in children with cerebral palsy (CP) who switch from a dorsiflexion-free orthotic device to a more restrictive one, according to research from Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. Continue reading