Category Archives: Clinical News

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March 2015

Study finds triceps surae injury rate associated with age in soccer players

Older elite male soccer players sustain significantly more triceps surae injuries than do their younger counterparts, and could benefit from targeted training to prevent such injuries… Continue reading

March 2015

Most baseball players return from ACL reconstruction, but play in fewer games

Nearly all Major League Baseball position players who undergo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction return to play at least 30 games, but those who do return play in fewer games… Continue reading

March 2015

Double bonus: AFOs improve dual-task gait in two ways

Wearing ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) is associated with both physical and cognitive performance during dual-task gait in children with myelomeningocele, according to research presented in… Continue reading

March 2015

Plantar flexion resistance alters knee flexion, foot strike in stroke patients

Increasing the plantar flexion resistance of an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) reduces knee hyperextension and changes foot strike pattern during gait in chronic stroke patients, according to research presented in… Continue reading

March 2015

More restrictive orthotic devices boost balance over time in children with CP

Balance improves over time in children with cerebral palsy (CP) who switch from a dorsiflexion-free orthotic device to a more restrictive one, according to research from Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. Continue reading

February 2015

All about the ALL: knee ligament stabilizes internal rotation

The anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee, a structure not well-documented or consistently reported before the 2013 publication of a Belgian study, is a key stabilizer of internal rotation—though only when the knee is flexed at high angles—and may be… Continue reading

February 2015

Female high school basketball players benefit from neuromuscular training

A six-week progressive neuromuscular training program is associated with significant improvement in single-leg balance on unstable surfaces in female high school basketball players, according to research from Bellarmine University in Louisville, KY. Continue reading

February 2015

Baseball players maintain improved balance 6 months after UCL surgery

Improved balance in baseball players who have had Tommy John surgery is maintained after their release from physical therapy, according to research from Fort Worth, TX.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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February 2015

Heel pain gains: Studies support multimodal treatment

Multimodal physical therapy is associated with significant symptom relief in patients with plantar heel pain, but may be most effective for those with symptoms lasting fewer than seven months, according to research presented in February at the annual… Continue reading

February 2015

Reason for benefits of balance training eludes ankle instability investigators

Eight pathological factors do not explain the self-reported improvements in perceived disability associated with balance training for functional ankle instability (FAI), according to research from the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City. Continue reading

February 2015

Progressive strengthening improves function after total knee arthroplasty

Patients who do progressive strengthening exercises after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are significantly more likely than those who do conventional rehabilitation to have normal-range functional outcomes at one year, according to research from the University of Delaware. Continue reading

January 2015

Breaking bad: Ankle fracture study highlights mortality

Is ankle fracture in the elderly the new hip fracture? Hip fractures in older adults have often been linked to high mortality rates, and a recent study suggests the same may be true of ankle fractures, given that some of the same variables are at play. Continue reading

January 2015

Home-based walking program boosts mobility but does not alter rate of falls

While walking is a popular form of exercise among the elderly that improves mobility, a home-based walking program does not curb the risk of falling, according to an Australian study. Continue reading

January 2015

Rate of torque development in the hip differentiates fallers from nonfallers

Rate of torque development (RTD) in the hip extensor muscles is an outcome that could be key to identifying patients at risk for falling, according to a study epublished in December 2014 by Aging Clinical & Experimental Research. Continue reading

November 2014

Resistance is useful: Ankle band activates hip during landing

Wearing a resistance band around the ankles during jump landings is associated with increased hip abduction moments and gluteus medius activation, and may be a more functional alternative to the therapeutic exercises typically used to train the same muscles, according… Continue reading

November 2014

Training to increase running cadence alters biomechanics but not efficiency

Six weeks of training to increase running cadence is associated with significant changes in kinematics and vertical loading rate, but does not affect running efficiency, according to research from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Continue reading

November 2014

ATFL data suggest ligament thickening after sprain does not cause instability

Both ankle sprain copers and patients with chronic ankle instability have thickened anterior talofibular ligaments (ATFL), suggesting that these structural changes are not the cause of chronic instability, according to research from the University of Evansville in Indiana. Continue reading

October 2014

Poses for postural stability: Yoga enhances balance in older fallers

Findings of a randomized controlled trial published in the September issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation suggest a 12-week yoga program modified for older fallers may be as effective as tai chi and…

By Greg Gargiulo Continue reading

October 2014

Orthoses add no benefit to eccentric calf training for Achilles tendinopathy

Customized foot orthoses are no more effective than sham orthoses for improving pain and function in patients with Achilles tendinopathy when used in combination with eccentric calf exercises, according to research from…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2014

RCT finds exercise therapy improves pain, function in patients with hip OA

Twelve weeks of exercise therapy can significantly reduce pain and improve function in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA), according to a randomized controlled trial from German researchers.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2014

Uneven numbers: TAA bests ankle fusion on stairs, inclines

End-stage ankle arthritis patients who receive a newer-generation total joint implant function slightly but significantly better when walking on uneven surfaces than patients who undergo ankle arthro­desis, according to a recent pro­spective study.

By Hank Black

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October 2014

Knee OA patients demonstrate limited range of motion at midfoot and hallux

Moderate to severe medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with limited range of motion at the midfoot and hallux during barefoot walking—gait alterations that may influence the effects of footwear and orthoses in this…

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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October 2014

Faster running speed increases load at the ankle more than at the knee

Increasing running speed in recreational runners has greater kinetic effects at the ankle than the knee, according to research from Denmark that may have implications for injury prevention.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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September 2014

Achilles oddity: Heeled shoes may boost load during gait

A recent study using innovative technology has questioned the potential role of standard running shoes with slightly elevated heels for the prevention and treatment of Achilles tendon pathology.

By Hank Black Continue reading

September 2014

Patients with MS exhibit better balance, neural changes after Wii-based training

Using a video game balance board that provides high intensity, task-oriented, visual feedback training induces favorable short-term changes in brain microarchitecture related to movement and balance in people with multiple sclerosis, according to a study conducted by …

By Emily Delzell

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