Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

November 2015

Intrinsic exercises may help runners safely switch to minimalist footwear

The development of bone marrow edema after transitioning from traditional running shoes to minimalist footwear is associated with small intrinsic foot muscle size, according to research from Brigham Young University in Provo, UT.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Continue reading

November 2015

Half shoe outperforms double rocker for offloading, but also impairs gait

A half shoe offloads the forefoot more effectively than a double-rocker full-outsole shoe with an offloading insole, but the half shoe also is more likely to alter gait, according to research from Bologna, Italy.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2015

On the move: Gait training improves limited mobility

Gait training is effective for improving limited mobility in patients with knee osteo­arthritis (OA), according to a recent study, but the immediate benefit is not sustained after training has stopped.

By Lori Roniger

Continue reading

November 2015

Cartilage thickness study suggests role of kinetics changes with OA severity

Although knee adduction moment (KAM) plays a significant role in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA), knee flexion moment (KFM) may be more important early in the disease process, according to research from Stanford University in California.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Continue reading

November 2015

Patient-reported function, kinematics predict response to hip strengthening

Patient-reported function and lower extremity kinematics can predict response to a hip strength­ening intervention in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to research from the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Continue reading

October 2015

Joint-friendly floors: Novel surface softens ballet landings

It’s no surprise that ballet dancers, who spend hours rehearsing high impact jumps, experience a high incidence of lower extremity injuries. A new study, however, shows that dancers can reduce loading on lower extremity joints and…

By Robyn Parets Continue reading

October 2015

Hip hop study finds excessive joint angles that could affect injury risk

Excessive peak angles in weightbearing joints during hip hop dance may contribute to lower extremity injuries in this population, according to a September 2015 study published in Medical Problems of Performing Artists.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2015

Textured insoles worn outside of dance class may improve ankle proprioception

Wearing textured insoles during nonclass time is associated with improved ankle proprioception in ballet dancers, according to research from the University of Canberra in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2015

Eccentric and effective: Protocol lowers hamstring reinjury risk

Research epublished in September by the Journal of Sport Rehabilitation supports the use of eccentric strengthening at long muscle lengths for preventing recurrent hamstring injuries.

By Chris Klingenberg

Continue reading

October 2015

Supervised exercise for claudication may benefit men more than women

Supervised exercise therapy for intermittent claudication is more effective in men than in women, according to research from the Netherlands that suggests gender-specific interventions may be appropriate in this population.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2015

Addition of pain coping skills training improves knee OA therapy outcomes

A combined intervention of exercise therapy plus training in pain coping skills is associated with better function than either intervention alone in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to an Australian randomized controlled trial.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

September 2015

Profiling for ACL injury prevention: Biomechanics identify risk subtypes

Although existing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs have been successful at reducing the incidence of ACL injury, a new study suggests that tailoring interventions based on four risk profile subtypes could be more effective. Continue reading

September 2015

Femoroacetabular impingement alters motion at both foot and hip during gait

Individuals with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) demonstrate alterations in foot mechanics as well as hip mechanics, a finding that may have implications for orthotic management of this population, according to an Israeli study. Continue reading

September 2015

MRI after hamstring injury does not help predict timing of return to sport

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has no added value for predicting how soon athletes can return to sport after acute hamstring injury compared with predictions based only on patient history and clinical examination, according to a recent study. Continue reading

September 2015

Risks of rigidus: Arthritis boosts hallux reamputation rates

Patients with diabetic neuropathy and hallux rigidus (HR) undergoing partial amputation of the hallux are 7.7 times more likely to need reamputation than their counterparts without HR, according to research from Georgetown University in Washington, DC. Continue reading

September 2015

Two in three patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis heal with nonsurgical care

Nearly two thirds of patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis heal with medical management alone, with patients with metatarsal site infection most likely to require amputation, according to research from the UK. Continue reading

September 2015

Annual emergency care for DFUs tops $8B, complications plague rural poor

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) cost $8.78 billion per year in emergency department (ED) care and subsequent inpatient admissions, with the rural poor at particularly high risk for serious complications, according to… Continue reading

August 2015

Healing hamstrings: Sport-specific factors affect return to play

A new study of more than 500 hamstring injuries sustained by collegiate soccer players provides evidence that return to participation after these strains is influenced by factors other than an athlete’s strength and flexibility.

By Barbara Boughton Continue reading

August 2015

Self-reported information helps predict knee injury risk in female soccer players

Two self-reported measures are significantly associated with risk of knee injury in adolescent female soccer players, according to a Danish study that could have implications for screening.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

August 2015

Baseball season takes toll on hip strength and range of motion in collegiate pitchers

Hip range of motion (ROM) and strength in collegiate baseball pitchers decrease significantly over the course of a competitive season, but these changes are not associated with pitching workload, according to research from the University of Florida in Gainesville.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

Continue reading

August 2015

Telerehabilitation after TKA: Remote PT matches in-person outcomes

In a randomized trial said by its authors to be the largest of its kind, patients receiving in-home therapy after total knee arthroplasty had equivalent outcomes whether they saw a therapist face-to-face or via a video- and sound-connected “visit” from a remote location.

By John C. Hayes

Continue reading

August 2015

Muscle force changes vary after gait modification to reduce knee moment

A single gait modification to reduce knee adduction moment in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with muscle force pattern changes that vary from one patient to another, according to research from Shanghai, China.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

August 2015

OA treatment outperforms usual care with regard to pain but not sensitization

The mechanism by which an integrated nonsurgical treatment program reduces pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) does not appear to involve pain sensitization, according to research from Denmark.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

July 2015

Speed trap: Slowest seniors have increased mortality

Gait speeds less than .6 m/s, a threshold that has been recommended as an indicator of mobility-related health problems, also confer a significantly increased risk of two-year mortality in hospitalized older patients, according to a recent prospective study. Continue reading

July 2015

In children with CP, gait impairment correlates with daily step activity level

In children with cerebral palsy (CP), gait impairment has a moderate relationship with daily step count and high daily activity levels, according to research from the University of Auckland in Australia. Continue reading