Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

February 2016

Study reports improved pain and gait with walker boot after ankle surgery

A walker boot is preferable to two other ankle devices for improving pain and gait after internal fixation for ankle fracture, according to research from the University of Oxford in the UK.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

February 2016

Surgical shoe findings support limits on driving after bunion procedures

Patients should refrain from driving for at least six weeks after bunion surgery due to poor braking response times that are not improved with the use of surgical shoes, according to findings from the Medical University of Innsbruck in Austria.

By Larry Hand

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January 2016

Impact implications: Loading helps predict running injury risk

A two-year prospective study of female heel-strike runners found that those who suffered medically diagnosed injuries had higher impact variables at baseline than those who had never had an injury.

By John C. Hayes Continue reading

January 2016

Most NBA players return from Jones fracture with no drop in performance

Most professional basketball players who sustain Jones fractures are able to return to elite competition with no significant effect on their performance, according to a recent study that should please fantasy basketball players as well as lower extremity practitioners.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

January 2016

Peak vGRF in ACL-reconstructed limb may influence collagen metabolism

After unilateral anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), mechanical loading in the affected limb is associated with altered patterns of collagen metabolism, according to research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill that could help explain the development of knee osteoarthritis in patients with a history of ACLR.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2015

Fusion and low vitamin D: Two thirds of patients have deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in patients in the northern US undergoing midfoot, hindfoot, and ankle arthrodesis, even in those without predisposing risk factors, according to a recent study from Vermont that may have implications for lower extremity surgery.

By Katie Bell

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November 2015

Intrinsic exercises may help runners safely switch to minimalist footwear

The development of bone marrow edema after transitioning from traditional running shoes to minimalist footwear is associated with small intrinsic foot muscle size, according to research from Brigham Young University in Provo, UT.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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November 2015

Half shoe outperforms double rocker for offloading, but also impairs gait

A half shoe offloads the forefoot more effectively than a double-rocker full-outsole shoe with an offloading insole, but the half shoe also is more likely to alter gait, according to research from Bologna, Italy.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2015

On the move: Gait training improves limited mobility

Gait training is effective for improving limited mobility in patients with knee osteo­arthritis (OA), according to a recent study, but the immediate benefit is not sustained after training has stopped.

By Lori Roniger

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November 2015

Cartilage thickness study suggests role of kinetics changes with OA severity

Although knee adduction moment (KAM) plays a significant role in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA), knee flexion moment (KFM) may be more important early in the disease process, according to research from Stanford University in California.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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November 2015

Patient-reported function, kinematics predict response to hip strengthening

Patient-reported function and lower extremity kinematics can predict response to a hip strength­ening intervention in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to research from the University of Calgary in Alberta, Canada.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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October 2015

Joint-friendly floors: Novel surface softens ballet landings

It’s no surprise that ballet dancers, who spend hours rehearsing high impact jumps, experience a high incidence of lower extremity injuries. A new study, however, shows that dancers can reduce loading on lower extremity joints and…

By Robyn Parets Continue reading

October 2015

Hip hop study finds excessive joint angles that could affect injury risk

Excessive peak angles in weightbearing joints during hip hop dance may contribute to lower extremity injuries in this population, according to a September 2015 study published in Medical Problems of Performing Artists.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2015

Textured insoles worn outside of dance class may improve ankle proprioception

Wearing textured insoles during nonclass time is associated with improved ankle proprioception in ballet dancers, according to research from the University of Canberra in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2015

Eccentric and effective: Protocol lowers hamstring reinjury risk

Research epublished in September by the Journal of Sport Rehabilitation supports the use of eccentric strengthening at long muscle lengths for preventing recurrent hamstring injuries.

By Chris Klingenberg

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October 2015

Supervised exercise for claudication may benefit men more than women

Supervised exercise therapy for intermittent claudication is more effective in men than in women, according to research from the Netherlands that suggests gender-specific interventions may be appropriate in this population.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2015

Addition of pain coping skills training improves knee OA therapy outcomes

A combined intervention of exercise therapy plus training in pain coping skills is associated with better function than either intervention alone in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to an Australian randomized controlled trial.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

September 2015

Profiling for ACL injury prevention: Biomechanics identify risk subtypes

Although existing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs have been successful at reducing the incidence of ACL injury, a new study suggests that tailoring interventions based on four risk profile subtypes could be more effective. Continue reading

September 2015

Femoroacetabular impingement alters motion at both foot and hip during gait

Individuals with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) demonstrate alterations in foot mechanics as well as hip mechanics, a finding that may have implications for orthotic management of this population, according to an Israeli study. Continue reading

September 2015

MRI after hamstring injury does not help predict timing of return to sport

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has no added value for predicting how soon athletes can return to sport after acute hamstring injury compared with predictions based only on patient history and clinical examination, according to a recent study. Continue reading

September 2015

Risks of rigidus: Arthritis boosts hallux reamputation rates

Patients with diabetic neuropathy and hallux rigidus (HR) undergoing partial amputation of the hallux are 7.7 times more likely to need reamputation than their counterparts without HR, according to research from Georgetown University in Washington, DC. Continue reading

September 2015

Two in three patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis heal with nonsurgical care

Nearly two thirds of patients with diabetic foot osteomyelitis heal with medical management alone, with patients with metatarsal site infection most likely to require amputation, according to research from the UK. Continue reading

September 2015

Annual emergency care for DFUs tops $8B, complications plague rural poor

Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) cost $8.78 billion per year in emergency department (ED) care and subsequent inpatient admissions, with the rural poor at particularly high risk for serious complications, according to… Continue reading

August 2015

Healing hamstrings: Sport-specific factors affect return to play

A new study of more than 500 hamstring injuries sustained by collegiate soccer players provides evidence that return to participation after these strains is influenced by factors other than an athlete’s strength and flexibility.

By Barbara Boughton Continue reading

August 2015

Self-reported information helps predict knee injury risk in female soccer players

Two self-reported measures are significantly associated with risk of knee injury in adolescent female soccer players, according to a Danish study that could have implications for screening.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading