Category Archives: Clinical News

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October 2016

Externally focused instruction boosts jump height regardless of visual input

Externally focused instruction results in greater jump height than internal focus or no instruction, regardless of whether the jumper’s eyes are open or closed, according to research from the Czech Republic.

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September 2016

Offloading and obesity: Gait study data have OA implications

Gait interventions can alter knee loading in obese patients, which may have implications for knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to three studies presented in August at the annual meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics in Raleigh, NC.

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September 2016

Even mild LLD affects gait in ways that could speed knee degeneration

The effects of mild limb-length discrepancy (LLD) on gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) may contribute to disease progression, according to research epublished in August by Clinical Biomechanics.

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September 2016

Not all meniscal pathology on MRI is relevant in patients with knee OA

Some—but not all—characteristics of meniscal damage on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) severity and two-year progression, according to research from Tufts Medical Center in Boston, MA.

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August 2016

Striking out hamstring strain: Protocol helps protect baseball players

A hamstring injury intervention program is effective for reducing the rate of hamstring injuries and reinjuries in professional baseball players, according to ongoing research from the University of Delaware presented in July at the annual meeting of the…

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August 2016

Achilles tendon size, stiffness differ based on runners’ shoe preference

The Achilles tendons of experienced minimalist runners differ from the tendons of those who wear traditional running shoes with regard to size, stiffness, and stress, according to research from the University of Connecticut in Storrs that…

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August 2016

Athletes with low neurocognitive scores exhibit high-risk landing biomechanics

Athletes with low neurocognitive scores are more likely than their higher-scoring counterparts to demonstrate landing mechanics associated with anterior cruciate injury (ACL) risk, according to research from the University of Florida in Gainesville.

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July 2016

Joint injury’s lifelong impact: Data suggest comorbidity implications

A history of knee or ankle injury is associated with an increased risk of medical issues—and not just those related to joint health—in middle age and later decades of life, according to research presented in June at the annual meeting of the  National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) in Baltimore, MD.

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July 2016

Specialization, participation volume contribute to youth athlete injury risk

Sport specialization and high volumes of sports participation are significantly associated with the risk of injuries—and overuse injuries in particular—in youth athletes, according to research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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July 2016

Upper body position during landing affects kinetics in basketball players

In basketball players, upper extremity ball handling positions affect lower extremity kinetics during landing and should be considered when designing injury prevention and rehabilitation protocols, according to research from George Mason University in Fairfax, VA.

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July 2016

Analyzing adherence: Balance predicts off-loading device use

Postural instability in patients with diabetic foot ulcers is a strong predictor of poor adherence to off-loading treatment with removable devices, according to a new multicenter study in which off-­loading adherence was, in turn, a strong predictor of wound healing.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

July 2016

Gait differentiates healthy and diabetic controls from patients with foot ulcers

Gait mechanics in patients with diabetic foot ulcers differ from those of both healthy controls and patients with diabetes who have no history of foot ulcer, according to research from James Cook University in Queensland, Australia.

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July 2016

MRI scan prior to first ray amputation not associated with reamputation risk

Obtaining an initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan prior to first ray amputation in patients with diabetes is significantly associated with a decrease in mortality rate but not reamputation rate, according to research from Staten Island, NY.

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June 2016

Concussion repercussions: Studies explore lower extremity effects

The adverse biomechanical effects of concussion can persist for up to two years, but short-term visual deficits may help identify athletes who are most at risk for gait-related effects, according to multiple studies presented in…

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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June 2016

Preseason hip weakness contributes to ankle sprain risk in soccer players

Preseason hip abductor strength is associated with risk of lateral noncontact ankle sprain in soccer players, according to research presented in early June at the annual ACSM meeting in Boston.

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June 2016

Gluteal muscle fatigue affects shoulder kinematics during throwing in softball

Gluteal muscle fatigue is associated with altered upper extremity kinematics in collegiate softball players, according to findings from the University of Auburn in Alabama that add to the body of research supporting the importance of the lower body in throwing athletes.

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June 2016

Gait and THA outcomes: Hip mechanics have predictive value

Preoperative hip mechanics during gait can enhance clinical scores for identifying patients who are less likely to have an adequate clinical response after total hip arthroplasty (THA), according to…

By Katie Bell

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June 2016

ACL bracing study suggests subgroup of athletes most likely to be responsive

Preliminary findings presented in early June at the 2016 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) meeting in Boston suggest there may be a subgroup of athletes who are most likely to respond positively to knee bracing after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

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June 2016

Runners’ baseline may determine effect of barefoot switch on loading symmetry

Among habitually shod runners with a recent history of injury, those with the greatest magnitudes of loading asymmetry are those who are most likely to become more symmetrical after switching to barefoot running, according to…

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May 2016

CAI and the CNS: Excitability may influence instability

For individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI), the somatosensory feedback necessary for postural adjustments, walking, and running may be hampered by a decrease in soleus spinal reflex excitability, according to a new study in the Journal of Athletic Training.

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May 2016

Strength training in runners has bonus benefits for physiological performance

Long-term periodized strength training has physiological performance benefits in distance runners, according to research from the University of Limerick in Ireland.

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May 2016

fMRI study supports use of multiple exercises to prevent hamstring injury

A multicenter functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study indicates that no single exercise activates all of the hamstring and synergist muscles in professional soccer players, suggesting a combination of exercises may be optimal for hamstring injury prevention.

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May 2016

Gender, gait, and knee OA: Kinematic data have rehab implications

Women with and without knee osteo­arthritis (OA) demonstrate greater knee abduction and hip adduction during gait than their male counterparts, according to research from Canada that supports the concept of gender-specific rehabilitation in this population.

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May 2016

Leg strength, velocity predict functional issues in older adults with poor mobility

Leg strength and speed of leg movement are predictive of functional decline in older adults with poor mobility, according to research from Boston, MA.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

May 2016

Metabolic activity suggests Achilles tendons are still healing at 6 months

Metabolic activity evident six months after an Achilles tendon rupture—when rehabilitation protocols typically allow running and other high-load activities—suggests the tendon is still healing at that time, according to research from Denmark.

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