Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

July 2016

Analyzing adherence: Balance predicts off-loading device use

Postural instability in patients with diabetic foot ulcers is a strong predictor of poor adherence to off-loading treatment with removable devices, according to a new multicenter study in which off-­loading adherence was, in turn, a strong predictor of wound healing.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

July 2016

Gait differentiates healthy and diabetic controls from patients with foot ulcers

Gait mechanics in patients with diabetic foot ulcers differ from those of both healthy controls and patients with diabetes who have no history of foot ulcer, according to research from James Cook University in Queensland, Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

July 2016

MRI scan prior to first ray amputation not associated with reamputation risk

Obtaining an initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan prior to first ray amputation in patients with diabetes is significantly associated with a decrease in mortality rate but not reamputation rate, according to research from Staten Island, NY.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2016

Concussion repercussions: Studies explore lower extremity effects

The adverse biomechanical effects of concussion can persist for up to two years, but short-term visual deficits may help identify athletes who are most at risk for gait-related effects, according to multiple studies presented in…

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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June 2016

Preseason hip weakness contributes to ankle sprain risk in soccer players

Preseason hip abductor strength is associated with risk of lateral noncontact ankle sprain in soccer players, according to research presented in early June at the annual ACSM meeting in Boston.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2016

Gluteal muscle fatigue affects shoulder kinematics during throwing in softball

Gluteal muscle fatigue is associated with altered upper extremity kinematics in collegiate softball players, according to findings from the University of Auburn in Alabama that add to the body of research supporting the importance of the lower body in throwing athletes.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2016

Gait and THA outcomes: Hip mechanics have predictive value

Preoperative hip mechanics during gait can enhance clinical scores for identifying patients who are less likely to have an adequate clinical response after total hip arthroplasty (THA), according to…

By Katie Bell

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June 2016

ACL bracing study suggests subgroup of athletes most likely to be responsive

Preliminary findings presented in early June at the 2016 American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) meeting in Boston suggest there may be a subgroup of athletes who are most likely to respond positively to knee bracing after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2016

Runners’ baseline may determine effect of barefoot switch on loading symmetry

Among habitually shod runners with a recent history of injury, those with the greatest magnitudes of loading asymmetry are those who are most likely to become more symmetrical after switching to barefoot running, according to…

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

May 2016

CAI and the CNS: Excitability may influence instability

For individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI), the somatosensory feedback necessary for postural adjustments, walking, and running may be hampered by a decrease in soleus spinal reflex excitability, according to a new study in the Journal of Athletic Training.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

May 2016

Strength training in runners has bonus benefits for physiological performance

Long-term periodized strength training has physiological performance benefits in distance runners, according to research from the University of Limerick in Ireland.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

May 2016

fMRI study supports use of multiple exercises to prevent hamstring injury

A multicenter functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study indicates that no single exercise activates all of the hamstring and synergist muscles in professional soccer players, suggesting a combination of exercises may be optimal for hamstring injury prevention.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

May 2016

Gender, gait, and knee OA: Kinematic data have rehab implications

Women with and without knee osteo­arthritis (OA) demonstrate greater knee abduction and hip adduction during gait than their male counterparts, according to research from Canada that supports the concept of gender-specific rehabilitation in this population.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

May 2016

Leg strength, velocity predict functional issues in older adults with poor mobility

Leg strength and speed of leg movement are predictive of functional decline in older adults with poor mobility, according to research from Boston, MA.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

May 2016

Metabolic activity suggests Achilles tendons are still healing at 6 months

Metabolic activity evident six months after an Achilles tendon rupture—when rehabilitation protocols typically allow running and other high-load activities—suggests the tendon is still healing at that time, according to research from Denmark.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

April 2016

Get stronger, live longer: But few older adults meet US guidelines

Strength training twice weekly, as recommended by two national organizations, can help reduce all-cause mortality in older US adults, but fewer than 10% meet that recommendation, according to a study from Pennsylvania State University.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

April 2016

Soccer study finds steady rate of ACL injuries, disappointing 3-year outcomes

Despite advances in prevention and intervention, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are no less common among professional soccer players now than in 2001, according to research from Sweden.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

April 2016

Minimalist footwear, shortened stride affect loads differently during running

Running in minimalist footwear and running with a shorter stride length are both associated with reduced knee loads, but the two approaches differ in their effects on loading at the ankle, according to research from the University of Calgary in Canada.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

April 2016

Stability for CP: AFO use benefits diplegic children

In children with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP), wearing bilateral ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) that promote heel-first ground contact helps to improve stability and may reduce the risk of falls, according to research presented in March at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthotists and Prosthetists (AAOP) in Orlando, FL.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

April 2016

Shifting position of shoe heel rocker affects ankle mechanics during gait

Varying the placement of a shoe heel rocker affects walking gait kinematics, even when the toe rocker placement is kept constant, according to research presented in March at the annual AAOP meeting in Orlando, FL.

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April 2016

Kinematics at foot, not shank, respond to increases in heel-sole differential

Elevating the heel of a shoe significantly affects foot kinematics but not shank kinematics during gait, according to research from the UK presented in March at the annual AAOP meeting in Orlando, FL.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

March 2016

Benefits of balance: YBT is associated with history of injury

Deficits in single-leg balance may contribute to the high rate of injuries among endurance athletes, but hip strength may not, according to two studies presented in February at the American Physical Therapy Association’s annual Combined Sections Meeting in Anaheim, CA.

By P.K. Daniel Continue reading

March 2016

Test for lower extremity asymmetry identifies risk in recreational runners

Asymmetrical lower extremity neuromuscular control is predictive of repetitive stress injury in recreational runners, according to findings presented at the Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association in February in Anaheim.

By P.K. Daniel Continue reading

March 2016

Clinically useful 2D measurements predict patellofemoral joint force

Researchers from East Carolina University (ECU) in Greenville, NC, have identified 2D lower extremity kinematic measurements that accurately predict patellofemoral joint (PFJ) force during running and can be used clinically to identify runners at risk of injury.

By P.K. Daniel Continue reading

March 2016

PFOA prognostication: Sagittal plane factors predict worsening

Sagittal plane mechanics and forces during gait in patients with patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) can help identify those who are likely to experience worsening pain or cartilage degeneration, according to research presented in February at the annual Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association in Anaheim, CA.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading