Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

August 2013

Removable plug insoles significantly reduce pressure, as do arch supports

Researchers from Taiwan confirmed that insoles with removable plugs reduce forefoot plantar pressures in patients with diabetic neuropathy, and those pressures are further reduced by adding arch support.

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August 2013

Stress management: Landing mechanics predict fracture risk

Landing biomechanics have long been a focus of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury research, but they may also be predictive of lower extremity stress fracture, according to a study presented in July at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) meeting in Chicago. Continue reading

August 2013

Two studies explore contributions of core muscles to ACL injury risk

Two recent studies underscore the association between core mus­­cle function and risk factors for anteri­or cruciate ligament injury.

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August 2013

Customizing stochastic resonance boosts balance effects in FAI patients

Stochastic resonance stimulation (SRS) more effectively improves balance in patients with functional ankle instability (FAI) when optimized based on each patient’s sensory threshold than when all patients receive the same treatment, according to research from Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond.

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July 2013

Brace relations: Complex effects are not only mechanical

Research presented in late June at the annual National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) meeting in Las Vegas added to the body of evidence suggesting that the effects of ankle bracing are not solely mechanical, and that even the mechanical effects may be more complicated than they seem.

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July 2013

CAI patients with poorest sensation report more sprains in their history

Decreased plantar cutaneous sensation in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with number of prior ankle sprains, according to research from Old Dominion University in Norfolk, VA.

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July 2013

Balance deficits persist after sprain despite clearance to return to sports

Athletes with a history of severe ankle sprain still demonstrate postural control deficits and report functional impairment even after being medically cleared for full sports participation, according to two studies from A.T. Still University in Mesa, AZ.

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July 2013

Positives for PFP: Benefits of six-week rehab are retained

Six weeks of lower extremity strengthening in runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP) leads to improvements in pain and function that are retained six months later, regardless of whether the rehabilitation focuses on the knee or the hip, according to research presented in late June at the National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) annual meeting in Las Vegas.

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July 2013

Self-reported function corresponds to bone bruise radiographic severity

Self-reported functional scores in patients with bone bruise lesions associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury are consistent with severity classifications based on radiographic presentation, according to findings presented in late June at the NATA meeting.

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July 2013

Knee brace use alters lower extremity muscle activation during jump landing

Wearing a functional knee brace significantly alters activation characteristics in several lower extremity muscles, according to research from the University of Virginia in Charlottesville presented in late June at the NATA meeting.

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June 2013

Time to talk: Back pain therapy manages expectations

Selecting the right patients and committing time to education and management of their expectations when using orthoses to treat chronic low back pain can yield  symptomatic relief, according to research conducted at the University of Salford and epublished by the Journal of Foot and Ankle Research in May.

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June 2013

Plantar pressure measurements reveal not all sham devices are created equal

Not all sham orthoses used in research settings provide the same mechanical effects or are perceived by study participants as equally credible, according to research epublished in May by the Journal of Foot and Ankle Research.

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June 2013

Varying rearfoot posting has multiple dose-response effects, gait study finds

Varying rearfoot post angle levels in foot orthoses designed to correct pronation has dose-response effects at the rearfoot and knee in individuals both with and without pronated feet, according to a study published in May in the Journal of Biomechanics.

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June 2013

Minimalist miss: Even over time, gait differs from barefoot

The biomechanical differences between barefoot running and running in minimalist shoes appear to amount to more than just a matter of time.

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June 2013

Altering landing to reduce ACL load may decrease jumping performance

Changes in landing mechanics that are intended to decrease risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may also inadvertently decrease jumping performance in athletes, according to research presented in late May at the annual ACSM meeting.

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June 2013

Kinetic changes postmeniscectomy mimic those associated with knee OA

One to five years after partial medial meniscectomy, young adults demonstrate kinetic alterations associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to research presented in late May at the annual ACSM meeting.

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May 2013

Loose links Cortical data distinguish unstable ankles

A small study points to a “decoupling” effect between neurological and mechanical aspects of the ankle joint among some people with recurrent sprains and resultant functional ankle instability (FAI), reported investigators in a Journal of Sport Rehabilitation paper e-published on April 9.

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May 2013

Barefoot running with nonrearfoot strike pattern may put Achilles at risk

Women who run barefoot with a midfoot or forefoot strike pattern have higher Achilles tendon (AT) loads—and, potentially, a higher risk of tendinopathy—than rearfoot strikers, according to research e-published May 3 in the Annals of Biomedical Engineering.

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May 2013

Study links concussion to increased incidence of lower extremity injury

College athletes who sustain a concussion are almost four times as likely as their counterparts who avoid the brain injury to subsequently injure lower extremity muscles, according to research presented at the 2013 American Medical Society for Sports Medicine conference held in April in San Diego.

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May 2013

Benefits of bracing: Studies find improvement in pain, gait

Studies presented at the 2013 World Congress on Osteoarthritis, held in April in Philadelphia, provide more evidence that knee bracing can improve pain and gait mechanics in patients with knee osteo­arthritis (OA)—improvements that are magnified with increased wear time.

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May 2013

Nonoperated knee remains vulnerable after unilateral total joint arthroplasty

Unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) does not reduce loading in the nonoperated knee, and the resulting asymmetry may help explain why many patients end up undergoing TKA in the contralateral knee within 10 years of the initial procedure, according to an Israeli study presented at the 2013 World Congress on Osteoarthritis.

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May 2013

Medial meniscal damage corresponds to decreased proprioceptive accuracy

Severity of meniscal abnormality in patients with knee OA is significantly associated with severity of proprioceptive impairment, according to research from the Netherlands presented at the 2013 World Congress on Osteoarthritis.

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May 2013

Adding exercise to diet improves pain, function in overweight knee OA patients

Adding exercise to a dietary program does not significantly increase weight loss or reduce loading in overweight patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) compared to diet alone, but the addition of exercise is associated with significant improvements in pain and function, according to preliminary results of a large 18-month trial presented in April at the 2013 World Congress on Osteoarthritis.

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April 2013

BMI and TKA: Obese patients do benefit from surgery

Reluctance to perform total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in obese patients may be unwarranted, at least when it comes to functional outcomes, according to multiple studies presented in March at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

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April 2013

Improvement in knee OA symptoms persists two years after PRP injection

Platelet rich plasma (PRP) injection in patients with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis is associated with significant improvement in pain and function, according to research from Milan, Italy, presented in March at the AAOS meeting.

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