Category Archives: Clinical News

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January 2013

Novice runners use rearfoot strike pattern when wearing typical shoes

Unlike experienced runners, almost all novice runners tend to use a rearfoot strike pattern when wearing a conventional running shoe, according to a Danish study e-published in January by Gait & Posture.

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November 2012

Drop foot fix for CMT: AFOs work both proximally and distally

The mechanism by which ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) reduce drop foot in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) involves proximal effects as well as the distal changes with which clinicians are more familiar, according to research from the UK.

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November 2012

Personalized data make a difference in additive manufacturing of insoles

Personalized insoles created using additive manufacturing technology are associated with improved biomechanics and comfort during running, according to research from Loughborough University in the UK.

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November 2012

Tibial bone health asymmetries persist in stroke survivors despite use of AFOs

Tibial bone mineral density in stroke survivors who use ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) remains significantly higher in the unaffected limb than the affected limb after more than a decade, according to research from the University of Oklahoma in Oklahoma City. Continue reading

November 2012

E-education for TJR: Emails help manage patient expectations

An email-based education and communication service is helping patients understand what to expect as they get ready to undergo or recover from total joint replacement (TJR) surgery.

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November 2012

Study finds both vitamin D deficiency and knee OA symptoms vary by race

Vitamin D deficiency may underlie race-specific pain patterns in patients with osteoarthritis (OA), according to researchers from the University of Florida in Gainesville.

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November 2012

Motion-control footwear features fail to decrease knee adduction moment

Two studies e-published in October found medial arch supports and motion control shoes have no significant effect on knee adduction moment (KAM), regarded as a surrogate measure of medial knee compression.

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October 2012

Brains and sprains: Is there an extremity-concussion link?

The sports medicine community is demonstrating increasing interest in the possibility that neurocognitive impairment and musculoskeletal injury may be related, as evidenced most recently by an exchange in the letter to the editor section of the September issue of The American Journal of Sports Medicine (AJSM).

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October 2012

Achilles tendon in runners maintains stiffness despite stress of marathon

Running a marathon does not significantly affect Achilles tendon stiffness, suggesting that overuse may not explain Achil­les ruptures in runners, according to a Finnish study published in the October issue of the Journal of Experimental Biology.

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October 2012

NFL study finds higher rates of sprains on artificial turf than on grass surfaces

Knee and ankle sprains in National Football League (NFL) players occurred more frequently on artificial turf than on grass between 2000 and 2009, according to a study commissioned by the NFL Injury and Safety Panel e-published in September by The American Journal of Sports Medicine.

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October 2012

Weighty issues after TJA: Many put on pounds despite pain relief

Contrary to expectations, total joint arthroplasty (TJA) for hip or knee osteoarthritis does not necessarily lead to weight loss, according to a systematic review performed by researchers in San Diego.

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October 2012

ACL reconstruction fails to improve return-to-sport rates after one year

Athletes who undergo surgical reconstruction after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury are no more likely to return to sports one year later than those treated nonoperatively, according to a Norwegian study.

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October 2012

Midfoot index of load differentiates postarthrodesis gait from normal

Swiss researchers have found that pedobarographic differentiation between ankle arthrodesis patients and healthy volunteers can be narrowed down to a single variable, midfoot index of load—a finding that could make the technology much more accessible to the average clinician.

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September 2012

Ambling modifiers: Finding a patient-friendly gait for knee OA

In the interest of improving compliance, studies of gait modifications to reduce moments and forces at the knee in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are increasingly focusing on gait alterations that will not make patients self-conscious.

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September 2012

Kinetic biofeedback training reduces knee abduction moment on landing

Real-time biofeedback training can help female athletes reduce knee abduction moments (KAM) during landing, which may in turn reduce risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury, according to preliminary research from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital.

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September 2012

Multimodal adaptive rehab improves propulsive impulse in stroke patients

Gait training on a dual-belt treadmill in an adaptive virtual environment can help improve propulsive impulse in the paretic limbs of individuals with hemiparesis following stroke, according to research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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September 2012

Lost in transition: Minimalist shoes don’t always alter gait

Barefoot-simulating and minimalist shoes are capturing the imagination of runners who hope to avoid injury and increase performance by adopting a forefoot or midfoot strike pattern, but recent research suggests runners don’t necessarily convert their gait simply by switching shoes.

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September 2012

Lower extremity work contributes to golf swing velocity, performance

Lower extremity work during a golf swing is positively correlated with both club head velocity and golfer skill level, according to research from the Ohio State University in Columbus, OH.

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September 2012

Soccer study explores factors that may link limb dominance to ACL injury risk

Kinematic and kinetic differences between dominant and nondominant limbs during cutting in soccer players could help explain previous findings regarding limb dominance and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk, according to research from Ball State University in Muncie, IN.

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August 2012

Clubfoot conversion: Nearly all surgeons adopt Ponseti method

The shift away from aggressive surgery to correct clubfoot in now all but complete, according to research published in July in the Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics (JPO). The study shows the Ponseti me­thod is now the treatment of choice for the vast majority of practitioners and that increased understanding of the technique has resulted in better outcomes.

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August 2012

Selective plantar fascia release assists healing of recalcitrant forefoot ulcers

Korean surgeons have developed an alternative to Achilles tendon lengthening for reducing plantar pressure and promoting wound healing in patients with diabetic foot ulcers.

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August 2012

Study finds noise-enhanced insoles reduce gait variability in older adults

A subsensory level of mechanical noise delivered directly to the foot soles of healthy older adults during walking has the potential to normalize gait variability and possibly reduce the risk of falls, according to research published in July in Gait & Posture.

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July 2012

Fusion vs replacement: Both improve gait, but well short of normal

Functional outcomes for total ankle re­place­ment (TAR) in patients with end-stage ankle arthritis appear to match or exceed those of ankle fusion, according to research presented in June at the an­nual meeting of the American Ortho­paedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS).

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July 2012

ATFL repair with any of three methods decreases ligament stiffness, strength

Three different methods for repairing the anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) leave the repaired structure significantly stiffer and weaker than an intact ligament, which may have implications for ankle injury rehabilitation, according to research presented in June at the AOFAS meeting.

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July 2012

Effects on plantar flexor endurance, power linger after gastroc recession

Tasks requiring plantar flexor endurance and push-off power remain difficult for patients long after an otherwise successful gas­tro­cnemius recession for treatment of Achilles tendinopathy, according to findings presented in June at the AOFAS meeting.

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