Category Archives: Clinical News

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March 2017

Injury risk gets clinical: Studies support value of inexpensive tests

Clinicians don’t often have expensive biomechanical testing equipment to improve their assessment of injury risk in athletes, but a growing body of research—including several studies presented in February at the American Physical Therapy Association’s Combined Sections meeting in San Antonio, TX—suggests standard clinical tests can help fill that void.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

March 2017

Among high school girls, specialization makes playing sports more hazardous

High school girls who specialize in one sport are more than twice as likely to suffer a moderate to severe injury as their multisport counterparts, according to research from San Diego State University in California.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

March 2017

Runners with PFP experience symptom improvement after gait modifications

Running gait modifications designed to reduce patellofemoral loading also have immediate symptomatic benefits in patients with patellofemoral pain, according to research from Laval University in Quebec City, Canada.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

March 2017

Slip scores fall short: Testers take winter footwear to task

Although slip-resistant footwear can play a key role in preventing accidents related to wintry conditions, most styles don’t do the job, according to researchers from the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute in Canada who have set out to change the situation.

By Catherine M. Koetters Continue reading

March 2017

Early PT after hindfoot fracture surgery may help patients better address anxiety

Patients who undergo surgery for hindfoot fracture can safely start physical therapy two weeks later, which could provide an opportunity to improve outcomes, according to research from Utah presented at the American Physical Therapy Association’s Combined Sections Meeting.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

March 2017

In diabetic neuropathy cases, pedal bone health declines along with renal function

In patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, pedal bone health declines progressively in conjunction with worsening renal function, according to research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO.

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March 2017

Sensory-enhancing insoles improve agility performance in recreational athletes

Insoles with sensory-enhancing technology, previously demonstrated to help address balance and proprioceptive deficits, can also improve agility in athletes, according to research from Harvard University in Cambridge, MA.

By Chris Klingenberg Continue reading

February 2017

Subconcussive subtleties: Lacrosse study links balance, impacts

Measures of cumulative subconcussive head impacts during a men’s lacrosse season are associated with decreases in balance scores from pre- to postseason, according to findings from Sacred Heart University in Fairfield, CT, that could have implications for lower extremity injury risk.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

February 2017

Stiffer shoes improve running energetics as long as first MTP flexion is preserved

Increasing running shoe bending stiffness helps improve running energetics up to the point at which it impairs metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint flexion—a threshold that varies between individuals—according to research from the Republic of Korea.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

February 2017

Long after return to play, ACL injury takes toll on perceived knee function

Perceived knee function is poorer in athletes who successfully return to play after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than in their uninjured counterparts, despite no strength or balance differences between the groups, according to research from Norway.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

Foot and ankle issues may boost risk of clinical and radiographic knee OA

January 2017

Soccer gets safer: Injury trends suggest prevention payoff

Collegiate soccer injuries, particularly those at the knee and in women, decreased significantly from the early 1990s to the late 2000s, according to research from George Washington University in Washington, DC. The positive trends may reflect an increase in resources being allocated toward injury prevention along with…

By Katie Bell Continue reading

January 2017

Foot position during landing contributes to ankle sprains as well as ACL injuries

Foot position during landing may contribute to the risk of lateral ankle sprains as well as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, according to separate studies from Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan, and Stanford University in California.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

January 2017

Study finds association between triad risk classification, bone stress injuries

Nearly one third of female collegiate athletes have an elevated risk for the female athlete triad, and women in moderate- and high-risk categories for the triad also have an elevated risk of lower extremity bone stress injury (BSI), according to research from Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital in Cambridge, MA.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

January 2017

Asana advantages: Yoga bests typical exercise in seniors

Yoga may be more effective than conventional exercise for improving symptoms, anxiety, and fear of falling in older patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to recent research from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis.

By Stephanie Kramer Continue reading

January 2017

Foot and ankle issues may boost risk of clinical and radiographic knee OA

In individuals at risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA), the presence of foot and ankle symptoms is associated with increased odds of developing symptomatic and radiographic knee OA four years later, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

January 2017

Bracing effects could slow progression of lateral knee OA following after ACLR

Knee bracing is associated with altered knee kinematics and kinetics during dynamic loading tasks in individuals with lateral knee osteoarthritis (OA) up to 20 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and these effects could help slow OA progression, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Parkville, Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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November 2016

ITBS intrigue: Fatigue leads to decreased hip adduction

Women with iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) independently modify their running gait when fatigued to decrease hip adduction, potentially as a result of pain, according to research from Rutgers University in Newark, NJ, that may have implications for gait retraining.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

November 2016

Step rate, length differentiate trained from untrained long distance runners

Trained long distance runners have a higher step rate and a shorter step length during running than untrained participants—characteristics that may represent adaptations to reduce injury and improve running economy, according to research from Spain.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2016

Runners with chronic ankle instability demonstrate altered kinetics in study

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with altered vertical ground reaction forces (vGRF) and loading rates during running, which may be related to altered landing patterns designed to protect the ankle joint, according to research from Indiana University in Bloomington.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2016

Sex and BFR: Too many studies exclude young women

The problematic trend of physiological studies in which young women are underrepresented now extends to research on blood flow restriction (BFR) training, according to a paper epublished in October by Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

November 2016

Foot-specific training in older adults helps improve strength and balance

Foot-focused progressive resistance training helps improve toe flexor strength and balance in older adults, which may help reduce the risk of falls, according to research from the University of Wollongong in Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

November 2016

Foam rolling outperforms stretching for quadriceps, hamstring flexibility

Foam rolling is associated with greater acute improvement in quadriceps and hamstrings flexibility compared with static or dynamic stretching, according to research from Taiwan.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2016

Hip check: Proximal focus could help CAI rehab

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with centralized feed-forward neuro­muscular alterations that affect the hip as well as the ankle, according to research from Boston University that may have implications for rehabilitation programs in that patient population.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

October 2016

Biceps femoris activation decreases following foam rolling of quadriceps

Foam rolling of the quadriceps muscle is associated with decreased biceps femoris activation, an effect that may be related to pain perception, according to research from the Memorial University of Newfoundland in St. John’s, Canada.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading