Category Archives: Clinical News

Current Issue News

Foot and ankle issues may boost risk of clinical and radiographic knee OA

January 2017

Soccer gets safer: Injury trends suggest prevention payoff

Collegiate soccer injuries, particularly those at the knee and in women, decreased significantly from the early 1990s to the late 2000s, according to research from George Washington University in Washington, DC. The positive trends may reflect an increase in resources being allocated toward injury prevention along with…

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January 2017

Foot position during landing contributes to ankle sprains as well as ACL injuries

Foot position during landing may contribute to the risk of lateral ankle sprains as well as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, according to separate studies from Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan, and Stanford University in California.

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January 2017

Study finds association between triad risk classification, bone stress injuries

Nearly one third of female collegiate athletes have an elevated risk for the female athlete triad, and women in moderate- and high-risk categories for the triad also have an elevated risk of lower extremity bone stress injury (BSI), according to research from Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital in Cambridge, MA.

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January 2017

Asana advantages: Yoga bests typical exercise in seniors

Yoga may be more effective than conventional exercise for improving symptoms, anxiety, and fear of falling in older patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to recent research from the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis.

By Stephanie Kramer Continue reading

January 2017

Foot and ankle issues may boost risk of clinical and radiographic knee OA

In individuals at risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA), the presence of foot and ankle symptoms is associated with increased odds of developing symptomatic and radiographic knee OA four years later, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Australia.

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January 2017

Bracing effects could slow progression of lateral knee OA following after ACLR

Knee bracing is associated with altered knee kinematics and kinetics during dynamic loading tasks in individuals with lateral knee osteoarthritis (OA) up to 20 years after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, and these effects could help slow OA progression, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Parkville, Australia.

By Jordana Bieze Foster

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November 2016

ITBS intrigue: Fatigue leads to decreased hip adduction

Women with iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) independently modify their running gait when fatigued to decrease hip adduction, potentially as a result of pain, according to research from Rutgers University in Newark, NJ, that may have implications for gait retraining.

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November 2016

Step rate, length differentiate trained from untrained long distance runners

Trained long distance runners have a higher step rate and a shorter step length during running than untrained participants—characteristics that may represent adaptations to reduce injury and improve running economy, according to research from Spain.

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November 2016

Runners with chronic ankle instability demonstrate altered kinetics in study

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with altered vertical ground reaction forces (vGRF) and loading rates during running, which may be related to altered landing patterns designed to protect the ankle joint, according to research from Indiana University in Bloomington.

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November 2016

Sex and BFR: Too many studies exclude young women

The problematic trend of physiological studies in which young women are underrepresented now extends to research on blood flow restriction (BFR) training, according to a paper epublished in October by Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

November 2016

Foot-specific training in older adults helps improve strength and balance

Foot-focused progressive resistance training helps improve toe flexor strength and balance in older adults, which may help reduce the risk of falls, according to research from the University of Wollongong in Australia.

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November 2016

Foam rolling outperforms stretching for quadriceps, hamstring flexibility

Foam rolling is associated with greater acute improvement in quadriceps and hamstrings flexibility compared with static or dynamic stretching, according to research from Taiwan.

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October 2016

Hip check: Proximal focus could help CAI rehab

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with centralized feed-forward neuro­muscular alterations that affect the hip as well as the ankle, according to research from Boston University that may have implications for rehabilitation programs in that patient population.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

October 2016

Biceps femoris activation decreases following foam rolling of quadriceps

Foam rolling of the quadriceps muscle is associated with decreased biceps femoris activation, an effect that may be related to pain perception, according to research from the Memorial University of Newfoundland in St. John’s, Canada.

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October 2016

Externally focused instruction boosts jump height regardless of visual input

Externally focused instruction results in greater jump height than internal focus or no instruction, regardless of whether the jumper’s eyes are open or closed, according to research from the Czech Republic.

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September 2016

Offloading and obesity: Gait study data have OA implications

Gait interventions can alter knee loading in obese patients, which may have implications for knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to three studies presented in August at the annual meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics in Raleigh, NC.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

September 2016

Even mild LLD affects gait in ways that could speed knee degeneration

The effects of mild limb-length discrepancy (LLD) on gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) may contribute to disease progression, according to research epublished in August by Clinical Biomechanics.

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September 2016

Not all meniscal pathology on MRI is relevant in patients with knee OA

Some—but not all—characteristics of meniscal damage on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) severity and two-year progression, according to research from Tufts Medical Center in Boston, MA.

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August 2016

Striking out hamstring strain: Protocol helps protect baseball players

A hamstring injury intervention program is effective for reducing the rate of hamstring injuries and reinjuries in professional baseball players, according to ongoing research from the University of Delaware presented in July at the annual meeting of the…

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August 2016

Achilles tendon size, stiffness differ based on runners’ shoe preference

The Achilles tendons of experienced minimalist runners differ from the tendons of those who wear traditional running shoes with regard to size, stiffness, and stress, according to research from the University of Connecticut in Storrs that…

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August 2016

Athletes with low neurocognitive scores exhibit high-risk landing biomechanics

Athletes with low neurocognitive scores are more likely than their higher-scoring counterparts to demonstrate landing mechanics associated with anterior cruciate injury (ACL) risk, according to research from the University of Florida in Gainesville.

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July 2016

Joint injury’s lifelong impact: Data suggest comorbidity implications

A history of knee or ankle injury is associated with an increased risk of medical issues—and not just those related to joint health—in middle age and later decades of life, according to research presented in June at the annual meeting of the  National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) in Baltimore, MD.

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July 2016

Specialization, participation volume contribute to youth athlete injury risk

Sport specialization and high volumes of sports participation are significantly associated with the risk of injuries—and overuse injuries in particular—in youth athletes, according to research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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July 2016

Upper body position during landing affects kinetics in basketball players

In basketball players, upper extremity ball handling positions affect lower extremity kinetics during landing and should be considered when designing injury prevention and rehabilitation protocols, according to research from George Mason University in Fairfax, VA.

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