Search Results for: trauma

February 2018

Researchers target prevention of posttraumatic osteoarthritis

Reducing oxidative stress in mitochondria shortly after joint injury may prevent posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), according to a study published in Science Translational Journal. This discovery is compelling because young, active patients are more likely than older patients to experience these injuries, yet are not… Continue reading

October 2017

NIH funds $1.3M post-traumatic OA study

The National Institutes of Health in July awarded a $1.3 million grant to an Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis mechanical engineer to evaluate a new method of strengthening damaged cartilage and preventing arthritic progression. Continue reading

January 2015

IDEO study calls for military participants with post-trauma foot, ankle weakness

The Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium (METRC) on January 2 called for participants for a Department of Defense-funded study examining the benefits of an integrated orthosis and rehabilitation program that incorporates the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) and the Return to Run … Continue reading

May 2014

Rehab with energy-storing orthosis boosts function after military trauma

An integrated orthotic and rehabilitation program for soldiers with severe lower extremity trauma improves physical function and pain and decreases consideration of late amputation, even when patients begin it more than two years after injury. Continue reading

July 2013

Post-traumatic OA: Unique implications for the military

Military populations experience high rates of disability related to post-traumatic osteo­arthritis (PTOA), which does not always originate from combat injury. But military researchers are also uniquely posi­tion­ed to explore therapeutic options to minimize the effect of PTOA.

By Jessica C. Rivera, MD, Joseph C. Wenke, PhD, James R. Ficke, MD, and Anthony E. Johnson, MD

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February 2018

Assessing Limb Length Discrepancy

Leg-length discrepancy and its sequelae are best considered a syndrome affecting many regions of the body through the closed kinetic chain. Most cases require comprehensive, cross-disciplinary treatment. The authors present a novel scoring system for diagnosis.

By Jay Segel, DPM; Susan Sanford, PT, L.Ac, C.SMA; Sally Crawford, MS; and Lori Yarrow, DC, BPE Continue reading

January 2018

BRD Sport Ankle Brace with Velcro

The BRD Sport Ankle Brace with Velcro closure aids those suffering from arthritis, joint instability, inflammation and swelling, post-traumatic irritation, or sore ankles. The 3-dimensional knit process contours to the user’s foot and ankle, targeting compression to the right areas. Continue reading

January 2018

Costello Named GW’s PT Program Director

Ellen Costello, PT, PhD, has been named Director of the Physical Therapy (PT) Program in the Department of Health, Human Function, and Rehabilitation Sciences at the George Washington University (GW) School of Medicine and Health Sciences (SMHS) Continue reading

January 2018

Can minimalist shoes protect against injury by increasing foot-muscle thickness?

Improvement in abductor hallucis muscle size associated with a gradual transition to minimalist running shoes suggests that this type of strength-based approach can help improve foot structure and stability, which may…

By Nicholas A. Campitelli, DPM, FACFAS; and Scott A. Spencer, DPM Continue reading

January 2018

ACL treatment in children varies widely; 90% return to sport after ACLR

Over the past 15 years, the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in children and adolescents has increased. And although this population requires special considerations, in part due to their continued musculoskeletal growth, medical management of this condition varies widely.

By Nicole Wetsman Continue reading

November 2017

BRAINS, SPRAINS, AND CHRONIC PAIN: Concussion consequences may include osteoarthritis

As a growing number of studies report associa­tions between concussion and musculoskeletal injury risk, new research suggests concussed athletes may also have an increased risk of osteoarthritis later in life.

By Robert C. Lynall, PhD, ATC; Timothy C. Mauntel, PhD, ATC; David R. Howell, PhD, ATC; and Thomas A. Buckley, EdD, ATC Continue reading

November 2017

When a longtime patient dies: How clinicians cope

It’s not unusual for any practitioner to experience complicated emotions when a death or a terminal diagnosis disrupts the personal bond forged with a patient over many years, but experts say lower extremity clinicians often are not well equipped to deal with these emotions.

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

November 2017

Korebalance 3.0 Software

Korebalance, an advanced rehabilitation system for neuro­sensory training and assessment, now features new pre- ­installed software. Version 3.0 includes more and better games to challenge a variety of balance and mTBI (mild traumatic brain injury) issues… Continue reading

October 2017

Lower extremity clinicians absorb hurricanes’ impact

Clinicians in areas affected by hurricanes Harvey and Irma were prepared for issues involving preexisting lower extremity concerns, but were surprised by the number of cases they saw in the storm’s aftermath involving healthy people trying to function under extraordinary conditions.

By Nancy Shohet West Continue reading

October 2017

Implications of high ankle sprains in college athletes

High ankle sprains in collegiate athletes differ from lateral or medial ankle sprains in multiple clinically relevant ways. These include loss of sports participation time, mechanism of injury, rates of injury during competition versus practices, and the possible long-term risk of osteoarthritis.

By Timothy C. Mauntel, PhD, ATC; and Zachary Y. Kerr, PhD, MPH Continue reading

October 2017

Orthotic management tactics for hallux limitus

Orthotic devices for hallux limitus are designed to limit first metatarsophalangeal joint motion while providing cushioning and plantar pressure distribution. A lack of quality research on conservative treatment of the disorder, however, forces clinicians to rely on their own experience.

By Hank Black Continue reading

October 2017

Return-to-play concerns following Achilles tears

Achilles tendon ruptures are severe injuries that are associated with a long recovery and significantly affect an athlete’s ability to function at a high level. In devising strategies for rehabilitation and return to play, the goal of clinicians and athletes alike is to try to minimize this impact.

By J. Turner Vosseller, MD Continue reading

September 2017

OA accelerants: 4 factors help hasten disease progression

Age and body mass index (BMI)—as well as their interactions with glucose concentration and static femorotibial alignment—contribute to increased risk of accelerated knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to research from Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston that could have implications for early diagnosis and intervention in this population.

By Chris Klingenberg Continue reading

September 2017

Soft braces: Experts hunt for potential mechanisms

Soft braces are not designed to change lower extremity alignment or joint forces, but research suggests they may influence knee and ankle biomechanics in other ways, including by enhancing proprioception. This line of investigation could open the door to new therapeutic opportunities.

By Stephanie Kramer Continue reading

August 2017

Frontal plane kinematics and risk of ankle sprain

Research suggests that a simple step-down task has a strong relationship with frontal plane ankle kinematics during walking and jump landing, and may be one method of screening or assessing for increased inversion—and, in turn, increased risk of future ankle sprain—in clinical settings.

By Luke Donovan, PhD, ATC; and Mark A. Feger, PhD, ATC Continue reading

August 2017

Biomechanics of femoral neck fractures in runners

Factors related to joint loading during running contribute to the development of stress fractures in the femoral neck and other lower extremity structures. Research suggests these loading parameters can be reduced by altering running foot strike pattern, stride length, speed, and step rate.

By Mark Riebel, PT, DSc, OCS, SCS Continue reading

August 2017

Flip Flops: Biomechanical critiques resonate with clinicians and designers

It’s no secret by now that traditional flimsy flip flops are associated with gait alterations that can contribute to more serious issues, but for many patients, flip flops are a hard habit to break. A new generation of “comfort” flip flops offers an alternative, but clinicians remain wary.

By Shalmali Pal Continue reading

August 2017

Associations between history of injury and ankle shape have OA implications

Variations in ankle shape—some related to race—are associated with history of ankle injury, according to research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill that may have implications related to risk of post-traumatic ankle osteoarthritis (OA).

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

August 2017

Pro-Select Ankle Brace

New from Elite Orthopaedics is the Pro-Select Lace Up Ankle Brace, which retails for $12. The brace is intended for patients with chronic weak ankles, post ankle trauma, postop ankle… Continue reading

July 2017

Recent trends favor use of bracing for knee OA

Experts say new research underscoring the clinical benefits of bracing for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA), along with more comfortable device designs aimed at improving patient compliance, may help boost the historically low rates of brace utilization in this patient population.

By Barbara Boughton  Continue reading