Search Results for: trauma

January 2015

IDEO study calls for military participants with post-trauma foot, ankle weakness

The Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium (METRC) on January 2 called for participants for a Department of Defense-funded study examining the benefits of an integrated orthosis and rehabilitation program that incorporates the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) and the Return to Run … Continue reading

May 2014

Rehab with energy-storing orthosis boosts function after military trauma

An integrated orthotic and rehabilitation program for soldiers with severe lower extremity trauma improves physical function and pain and decreases consideration of late amputation, even when patients begin it more than two years after injury. Continue reading

July 2013

Post-traumatic OA: Unique implications for the military

Military populations experience high rates of disability related to post-traumatic osteo­arthritis (PTOA), which does not always originate from combat injury. But military researchers are also uniquely posi­tion­ed to explore therapeutic options to minimize the effect of PTOA.

By Jessica C. Rivera, MD, Joseph C. Wenke, PhD, James R. Ficke, MD, and Anthony E. Johnson, MD

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November 2016

Mouthguard mysteries: Can wearing one really improve athletic performance?

Multiple studies suggest that mouthguards, designed to protect athletes from dental injuries during contact sports, may also help improve muscle force and power. But plenty of other studies have found no such ben­efits, and even the experts aren’t sure what to believe.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

November 2016

Peroneal tendinopathy management in tennis

Although not as common as Achilles tendinitis, peroneal tendinitis is seen in a certain group of patients with chronic ankle instability or with a cavovarus foot.1 Peroneal tendinitis presents as lateral foot pain and may also be of unknown etiology or associated with an acute inversion injury.

By Patricia Pande, MClScPT, CSCS, CPed Continue reading

November 2016

How foot and ankle injury trends reflect today’s NFL

Professional football players are enduring higher levels of force than ever, and foot and ankle injury rates are increasing as a result. Advances in surgery and rehabili­tation have helped get players back on the field more quickly, but injury prevention remains a significant challenge.

By Will Carroll Continue reading

November 2016

Adjacent-joint arthritis after ankle arthrodesis

Altered biomechanics after ankle arthro­desis often increase stress on the adjacent joints in the foot, which can cause or exacerbate osteoarthritic degeneration in those joints. Clinicians and researchers are working to better understand this process and how to minimize patients’ risk.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

November 2016

Psychological aspects of ACL rehabilitation

The ability to identify and treat patients at risk for mental health issues after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may help improve psychological readiness for reconstructive surgery, attitudes toward postoperative rehabilitation, and successful surgical and rehabilitation outcomes.

By John Reaume, MD, MHSA; Dana Reaume, PsyD; and Melissa A. Christino, MD Continue reading

November 2016

Sex and BFR: Too many studies exclude young women

The problematic trend of physiological studies in which young women are underrepresented now extends to research on blood flow restriction (BFR) training, according to a paper epublished in October by Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

October 2016

Guna Pain Relief Products

Guna, an Italian company, has released two new products for temporary pain relief. Guna-Flam is an anti-inflammatory, low-dose homeopathic medicine intended for minor aches and pains due to acute and chronic inflammation, trauma, or… Continue reading

October 2016

AAOS announces CEO retirement, guidance for infection control and fragility fractures

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) in October announced that its CEO, Karen Hackett, will retire in April 2017. During her 14-year tenure as CEO, Hackett has overseen a staff of 250 employees, an annual budget of $60 million, and the opening of… Continue reading

October 2016

Hip check: Proximal focus could help CAI rehab

Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is associated with centralized feed-forward neuro­muscular alterations that affect the hip as well as the ankle, according to research from Boston University that may have implications for rehabilitation programs in that patient population.

By Katie Bell Continue reading

October 2016

Insole research explores postural control effects

A growing body of evidence suggests that foot orthoses may be a helpful addition to other therapies for improving balance and potentially reducing the risk of falls. The findings have been mixed, however, and clinical enthusiasm for this type of insole intervention also varies.

By Hank Black Continue reading

September 2016

Management of athletes with early-stage PTTD

Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD), known also as tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction, is one of the leading causes of acquired flatfoot in adults, but the…

By By Frank Layman, PT, DPT, EdD, MT; and April Wilson, PTA, BS, CI, CKTP, IASTM Continue reading

September 2016

Chronic ankle instability, gait, and muscle activity

New research suggests lower extremity clinicians should consider implementing gait training in combination with targeted strengthening of the peroneus longus and gluteus medius muscles to help restore normal gait patterns in patients with chronic ankle instability.

By Rachel Koldenhoven, MEd, ATC Continue reading

September 2016

Reducing postoperative thromboembolism risk

Preventing deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after lower extremity surgery can involve pharmaceutical therapies or mechanical interventions. The type of prophylaxis used depends on the type of surgery, pre-existing risk factors, and patient preference.

By Barbara Boughton Continue reading

August 2016

Ottobock AFO reduces knee OA pain

A study published July 8 in the Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery found an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) made by Duderstadt, Germany-based Otto­bock significantly reduced pain and stiffness and improved physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Continue reading

August 2016

Management of Achilles tendinopathy in runners

Achilles tendinopathy is a common lower extremity injury in athletes as well as nonathletes. The Achilles tendon is often a site of injury in runners and is the second most common running-related musculo­skeletal injury, after medial tibial stress syndrome, with an…

By Howard Kashefsky, DPM Continue reading

August 2016

Foot strike while running and patellofemoral pain

Recent research supports the idea that increased patellofemoral stress is a contributing factor in runners with patello­femoral pain, and that gait retraining to promote a…

By Jenevieve L. Roper, PhD; Deborah L. Doerfler, PT, DPT, PhD; Christine M. Mermier, PhD; and Janet S. Dufek, PhD Continue reading

August 2016

Radiofrequency-based arthroscopy in the ankle

The results of a retrospective chart review suggest that the use of plasma-mediated bipolar radiofrequency-based arthroscopic microdebridement is associated with notable decreases…

By Renato Giorgini, DPM, FACFAS; Stephanie Giles, DPM; Omer Aci, DPM; and Christopher Japour, DPM, MS  Continue reading

August 2016

Striking out hamstring strain: Protocol helps protect baseball players

A hamstring injury intervention program is effective for reducing the rate of hamstring injuries and reinjuries in professional baseball players, according to ongoing research from the University of Delaware presented in July at the annual meeting of the…

By Katie Bell Continue reading

July 2016

Diabetic Light Compression Sock

The Caresox Diabetic Light Compression sock is designed to provide maximum comfort for patients with diabetes. Manu­factured in Italy, the quick-drying Silver DryStat fibers are antifungal, antibacterial, and odor resistant. Continue reading

July 2016

Blood Flow Restriction Training: The slow-flow movement is fast becoming rehab’s hottest trend

Partially occluding blood flow to the limbs, in com­bin­ation with low-load resistance exercise, appears to facilitate hypertrophy and strength gains in athletes and others while protecting the joints from damaging stresses.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

July 2016

Understanding turf toe: The role of foot orthoses

Turf toe is a common injury in football players competing on artificial turf, but it also occurs in soccer and baseball players on natural grass and other playing surfaces. Turf toe is a sprain of the capsule of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint; increasing grades of injury may include…

By Patricia Pande, MClScPT, CSCS, CPed Continue reading

July 2016

Lower extremity strength and injury risk in runners

Study findings regarding strengthening interventions in runners with patello­femoral pain syndrome have been inconsis­tent, perhaps because specific subgroups are more responsive than others. Preliminary research suggests high school runners may make up…

By Lace Luedke, PT, DPT, PhD, OCS, CSCS Continue reading