Search Results for: trauma

May 2014

Rehab with energy-storing orthosis boosts function after military trauma

An integrated orthotic and rehabilitation program for soldiers with severe lower extremity trauma improves physical function and pain and decreases consideration of late amputation, even when patients begin it more than two years after injury. Continue reading

July 2013

Post-traumatic OA: Unique implications for the military

Military populations experience high rates of disability related to post-traumatic osteo­arthritis (PTOA), which does not always originate from combat injury. But military researchers are also uniquely posi­tion­ed to explore therapeutic options to minimize the effect of PTOA.

By Jessica C. Rivera, MD, Joseph C. Wenke, PhD, James R. Ficke, MD, and Anthony E. Johnson, MD

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October 2014

Townsend brace improves knee function

A poster presented at the American Orthotic and Prosthetic Association (AOPA) National Assembly, held in September in Las Vegas, found that use of a decompressive knee brace from Bakersfield, CA-based Townsend Design significantly… Continue reading

October 2014

Offloading the diabetic foot: Effects of obesity

Increasing body mass index is associated with significantly increased peak plantar pressures regardless of the type of off­loading device used. However, it is possible to decrease plantar pressures in some regions of the foot with the use of offloading devices.

By Andrew J. Meyr, DPM, FACFAS; Kelly Pirozzi, DPM, AACFAS; and Matthew R. Wagoner, DPM Continue reading

September 2014

Össur VP sets amputee marathon record

Kim De Roy, CPO, PT, Össur Vice President of Sales & Marketing and Education, Prosthetics, set a new world marathon record for transtibial amputees at the Reykjavik Marathon on August 23, the Reykjavik, Iceland-based company announced. Continue reading

September 2014

Vibration intervention helps counteract induced arthrogenic muscle inhibition

Both direct local muscle vibration (LMV) and whole body vibration (WBV) improve quadriceps arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI), according to a study from neuromuscular researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The findings suggest vibratory stimuli can enhance …

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

August 2014

SureStep SMO

The SureStep SMO remains the most advanced method of controlling excessive pronation and providing stability to the hypotonic population. Suitable for patients up to 80 lbs. Continue reading

September 2014

Internal vs external focus: Effects on motor learning

A growing body of research is demonstrating that the focus of actions or movements is critical to how well athletes and patients respond to feedback from instructors or clinicians, and one of the central issues is the distinction between internal focus and external focus.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

September 2014

Debating corticosteroid injections for heel pain

Some practitioners find plantar fasciitis patients respond to corticosteroid injection when other treatments have failed, but concerns about complications make others cautious. With evidence-based guidelines in short supply, the decision often comes down to clinical experience.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

September 2014

Knee OA, BMI, and pain: A complex relationship

Excess body weight is considered by many experts to be the primary modifiable etiological factor in knee osteo­arthritis (OA) development. However, the relationship among body mass index (BMI), the anatomical manifestations of knee OA, and knee pain is not clear-cut.

By Elizabeth Weiss, PhD Continue reading

August 2014

Square Toe Post-Op Shoe

Powerstep’s new Square Toe Post-Op Shoe is designed to provide protection for the foot following surgery or trauma. A rigid heel counter and ankle strap hold the foot securely in place to control motion in the shoe. Continue reading

August 2014

Making history: Nurse is first US osseointegrated amputee

It was a first for Las Vegas physical therapist Edward Dolegowski, PT: An amputee reported that her prosthesis felt like her leg.

By Samantha Rosenblum Continue reading

August 2014

Return of strength after Achilles tendon surgery

Despite excellent subjective outcomes following Achilles tendon repair, significant plantar flexion and dorsiflexion strength deficits often persist. However, modern trends in postoperative rehabilitation represent a progression toward a more functional strength recovery.

By David A. Porter, MD, PhD, Kirk Cleland, MD, and Angela M. Rund, MEd, ATC Continue reading

August 2014

Dynamic compression for recovery in athletes

US Olympic Committee researchers have found that peristaltic pulse compression of the lower extremities may provide a means of enhancing the rheological properties of the lower extremities without resorting to extreme temperatures, expensive body work, or stretching.

By William A Sands, PhD, FACSM, CSCS Continue reading

August 2014

Prevention of ACL injuries targets youngest athletes

Some evidence suggests that neuromuscular training before puberty can help further reduce anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rates. But young children respond differently to instruction than their older counterparts, which means early intervention requires some creativity.

By P.K. Daniel Continue reading

August 2014

Outcome studies continue to support Ponseti method

Clubfoot researchers have begun to report long-term data that continue to solidify the superiority of the conservative method over surgical intervention in most cases. But variations to the traditional Ponseti method are arising, particularly in developing countries, and may alter outcomes.

By Larry Hand Continue reading

July 2014

Studies explore statin use for lower limb indications

A growing body of research suggests that statins may help improve not just cardiovascular outcomes but also those associated with lower extremity conditions such as peripheral arterial disease and knee…

By Larry Hand Continue reading

July 2014

Foot ulceration in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Research has identified ankle-brachial index, loss of sensation, and deformity as predictors of foot ulceration in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and also suggests that ulceration influences…

By Jill Firth, PhD, BSc (Hons), and Heidi J Siddle, PhD, MSc, BSc (Hons)
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June 2014

Managing foot and ankle injuries in baseball players

Baseball players at all skill levels routinely suffer from foot and ankle injuries, with position players being afflicted more often than pitchers or catchers. Making the correct initial diagnosis without delay can lead to more rapid and effective treatment, rehabilitation, and return to play.

By Gabriel V. Gambardella, DPM, Jeffrey Delott, DPM, and Zachary J. Korwek Continue reading

June 2014

Effects of targeted exercise on chronic ankle instability

Clinicians and researchers are increasingly utilizing exercise protocols focused on improving proprioception, range of motion, and strength to influence the more active and functional deficits that have been associated with chronic ankle instability in the literature.

By Mark A. Feger, MEd, ATC, and Jay Hertel, PhD, ATC Continue reading

May 2014

Kids, clothes, and AFOs: Finding just the right fit

When a child is required to wear ankle foot orthoses (AFOs), his or her clothes have to be more than just cute. Trying to match the logistical requirements of AFOs with fashion concerns and psychosocial development can be a challenge for patients and parents alike.

By Shalmali Pal Continue reading

May 2014

Cell games: Clinical use of stem cell therapy is starting to outpace the evidence

Stem cell therapy is rapidly gaining momentum as a clinical option for indi­ca­tions including meniscal injury, wound healing, and osteoarthritis. But high-level research on the tech­nol­ogy’s efficacy and long-term safe­ty is hard to come by.

By Emily Delzell Continue reading

May 2014

Research downplays role of shoe design elements in maintaining runners’ health

Runners today aren’t like the runners of the 1970s. They’re far less likely to be male, thin, or dedicated to the sport. And yet, the medical literature suggests that running injury rates are essentially unchanged. Continue reading

May 2014

Late-breaking ACL data raise questions about use of landing-based screening

A presenter from Norway gave IOC conference attendees a sneak peek at his group’s latest findings and generated considerable discussion by suggesting that many aspects of drop-landing mechanics are not predictive of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in elite female athletes. Continue reading

May 2014

Elastic therapeutic tape: Applications at the ankle

Research on the use of elastic therapeutic tape in patients with chronic ankle instability is limited, but recent findings do suggest that leaving the elastic tape on for several days is associated with improvements in…

By Janet Simon, MS, ATC; Emily Hall, MS, ATC; and Carrie Docherty, PhD, ATC Continue reading