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Search Results for: trauma
The Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium (METRC) on January 2 called for participants for a Department of Defense-funded study examining the benefits of an integrated orthosis and rehabilitation program that incorporates the Intrepid Dynamic Exoskeletal Orthosis (IDEO) and the Return to Run … Continue reading
An integrated orthotic and rehabilitation program for soldiers with severe lower extremity trauma improves physical function and pain and decreases consideration of late amputation, even when patients begin it more than two years after injury. Continue reading
Military populations experience high rates of disability related to post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), which does not always originate from combat injury. But military researchers are also uniquely positioned to explore therapeutic options to minimize the effect of PTOA.
By Jessica C. Rivera, MD, Joseph C. Wenke, PhD, James R. Ficke, MD, and Anthony E. Johnson, MD
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD), known also as tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction, is one of the leading causes of acquired flatfoot in adults, but the…
By By Frank Layman, PT, DPT, EdD, MT; and April Wilson, PTA, BS, CI, CKTP, IASTM Continue reading
New research suggests lower extremity clinicians should consider implementing gait training in combination with targeted strengthening of the peroneus longus and gluteus medius muscles to help restore normal gait patterns in patients with chronic ankle instability.
By Rachel Koldenhoven, MEd, ATC Continue reading
Preventing deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after lower extremity surgery can involve pharmaceutical therapies or mechanical interventions. The type of prophylaxis used depends on the type of surgery, pre-existing risk factors, and patient preference.
By Barbara Boughton Continue reading
A study published July 8 in the Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery found an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) made by Duderstadt, Germany-based Ottobock significantly reduced pain and stiffness and improved physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Continue reading
Achilles tendinopathy is a common lower extremity injury in athletes as well as nonathletes. The Achilles tendon is often a site of injury in runners and is the second most common running-related musculoskeletal injury, after medial tibial stress syndrome, with an…
By Howard Kashefsky, DPM Continue reading
Recent research supports the idea that increased patellofemoral stress is a contributing factor in runners with patellofemoral pain, and that gait retraining to promote a…
By Jenevieve L. Roper, PhD; Deborah L. Doerfler, PT, DPT, PhD; Christine M. Mermier, PhD; and Janet S. Dufek, PhD Continue reading
The results of a retrospective chart review suggest that the use of plasma-mediated bipolar radiofrequency-based arthroscopic microdebridement is associated with notable decreases…
By Renato Giorgini, DPM, FACFAS; Stephanie Giles, DPM; Omer Aci, DPM; and Christopher Japour, DPM, MS Continue reading
A hamstring injury intervention program is effective for reducing the rate of hamstring injuries and reinjuries in professional baseball players, according to ongoing research from the University of Delaware presented in July at the annual meeting of the…
By Katie Bell Continue reading
The Caresox Diabetic Light Compression sock is designed to provide maximum comfort for patients with diabetes. Manufactured in Italy, the quick-drying Silver DryStat fibers are antifungal, antibacterial, and odor resistant. Continue reading
Partially occluding blood flow to the limbs, in combination with low-load resistance exercise, appears to facilitate hypertrophy and strength gains in athletes and others while protecting the joints from damaging stresses.
By Cary Groner Continue reading
Turf toe is a common injury in football players competing on artificial turf, but it also occurs in soccer and baseball players on natural grass and other playing surfaces. Turf toe is a sprain of the capsule of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint; increasing grades of injury may include…
By Patricia Pande, MClScPT, CSCS, CPed Continue reading
Study findings regarding strengthening interventions in runners with patellofemoral pain syndrome have been inconsistent, perhaps because specific subgroups are more responsive than others. Preliminary research suggests high school runners may make up…
By Lace Luedke, PT, DPT, PhD, OCS, CSCS Continue reading
Limb length discrepancies (LLDs) as small as 1.5 cm can significantly affect gait, and some clinicians choose to intervene in cases of even smaller discrepancies. Many LLDs can be addressed orthotically, but surgical techniques are becoming less invasive and more effective.
By Cary Groner Continue reading
Ottobock in May reported results of studies involving two of the Duderstadt, Germany-based company’s devices.
The use of detailed orthopedic imaging to examine dancers’ ankles while in the en pointe position offers insight into the biomechanical demands associated with a position that, although highly unnatural, is nevertheless essential to a ballerina’s performance.
By Jeffrey A. Russell, PhD, AT, FIADMS Continue reading
In worker’s compensation cases, including those involving knee osteoarthritis, an expert witness often will be asked to use his or her knowledge of biomechanics to provide an opinion supporting or refuting a causal relationship between work conditions and an overuse injury.
By Steven T. McCaw, PhD
When calluses or ulcers develop on the distal aspect of the lesser toes, offloading pressure from the distal end of the digit is essential for healing to occur. Research suggests that toe crest pads offer an inexpensive but effective means of offloading and healing these distal wounds.
By Monica Melo, DNP, RN, ACNS-BC, CWOCN, CFCN
Trampoline use, both in backyards and in large recreational parks, is up. So are injuries incurred on the equipment, including fractures with potentially serious long-term sequelae. Some groups advise a ban on home use, but other experts disagree, citing the equipment’s benefits for motor learning and active play.
By P.K. Daniel Continue reading
Metatarsalgia is a common foot disorder. The term metatarsalgia refers to a pain syndrome in the forefoot and not to a specific diagnosis. Pain is confined to the area across the plantar forefoot, including the second through fourth metatarsal heads.
By Howard Kashefsky, DPM, FACFAS Continue reading
Hip strength asymmetry has been observed in patients with existing patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and potentially could be used to screen for at-risk individuals.
By Franklin Caldera, DO, MBA; and Christopher Plastaras, MD Continue reading
The terms “hallux limitus” and “hallux rigidus” refer to a degenerative process of the great toe joint that was first described by Davies-Colley1 in 1887 and termed hallux flexus. Cotterill later coined the term hallux rigidus.2 The two terms represent a progression in…
By Howard Kashefsky, DPM, FACFAS Continue reading
Accelerated knee osteoarthritis (OA), defined by very rapid radiographic disease progression, is also associated with earlier and more severe symptoms than traditional OA. Identification of…
By Jeffrey B. Driban, PhD, ATC, CSCS Continue reading