Search Results for: osteoarthritis

December 2015

Townsend celebrates 20 years as a leading manufacturer of osteoarthritis braces

Townsend Design released its first osteoarthritis (OA) knee brace, the custom OA Reliever, in 1995. Two decades and hundreds of thousands of patients later, Townsend now offers the industry’s most diverse range of OA bracing technology— enabling medical professionals to brace virtually any OA patient successfully.

By LER Staff Continue reading

July 2015

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Orthotic options for knee OA focus on compliance issues

New research presented in June at the 2015 ISPO Congress underscored the potential long-term benefits of valgus knee bracing for relief of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms when patient compliance is high, while… Continue reading

April 2013

Bone bruises and risk of knee osteoarthritis

Bone bruises are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, but researchers are only beginning to understand the potential clinical significance of these chondral lesions with regard to knee osteoarthritis (OA) and preventing ACL injury recurrence.

By Cary Groner

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March 2013

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Knee braces and wedged insoles both alter gait in patients with knee OA

A Taiwanese study offers more evidence that offloading knee braces and wedged foot orthoses are both associated with significant biomechanical improvements in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

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March 2013

The role of varus thrust in knee osteoarthritis

Varus thrust is a characteristic of dynamic alignment that has been shown to be predictive of medial tibiofemoral structural progression. Treatments aimed at minimizing varus thrust may reduce structural progression and symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis.

By Grace Hsiao-Wei Lo, MD, MSc

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January 2013

Whole body vibration for knee osteoarthritis

Whole body vibration may help improve strength and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis and may even slow disease progression. But contradictory findings, a lack of consensus on optimal parameters, and safety issues have even WBV advocates proceeding with caution.

By Cary Groner

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June 2012

Hip strength deficits characterize both patellofemoral pain and osteoarthritis

Patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) is associated with deficits in hip abduction strength, a similarity to patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) that appears to support the theory that the two conditions lie on the same continuum, according to research from the University of Calgary presented in late May at the ACSM meeting.

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March 2012

Connecting instability and ankle osteoarthritis

Not all patients with chronic ankle in­stability develop ankle osteoarthritis, but evidence suggests the two con­ditions are related, which in turn sug­gests that ankle sprain prevention and management could help reduce ankle replacement rates.

By Larry Hand

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October 2011

FUTURE SHOCK: Youth sports and osteoarthritis risk

There’s no question that exercise is good for kids. But the trauma asso­ciated with some youth sports can dramatically increase the risk that those kids will develop knee or ankle oste­oarthritis by the time they reach adult­hood. The key next step is to determine what can be done about it.

By Yvonne M. Golightly, PT, PhD, Stephen W. Marshall, PhD, and Dennis J. Caine, PhD

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March 2011

Plantar loads influence knee osteoarthritis risk

Research suggests that redirecting ground reaction forces relative to the knee joint’s rotational center can be achieved by repositioning the foot through a number of different mechanisms.

By Roy H. Lidtke, DPM, CPed

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March 2011

Limited ROM after ACL reconstruction linked to radiographic osteoarthritis

Radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis five years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is significantly more likely in patients with limited range of motion—even by just a few degrees—in the operated knee, according to research presented at the AAOS meeting. Investigators from … Continue reading

September 2010

Offloading strategies for knee osteoarthritis

Altering joint alignment is associated with decreased pain and improved function. Researchers are working to explain the mechanisms underlying these effects, particularly with respect to bracing.

By Yatin Kirane, D.Orth, PhD; Rebecca Zifchock, PhD; and Howard Hillstrom, PhD

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July 2016

Joint injury’s lifelong impact: Data suggest comorbidity implications

A history of knee or ankle injury is associated with an increased risk of medical issues—and not just those related to joint health—in middle age and later decades of life, according to research presented in June at the annual meeting of the  National Athletic Trainers Association (NATA) in Baltimore, MD.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

July 2016

Blood Flow Restriction Training: The slow-flow movement is fast becoming rehab’s hottest trend

Partially occluding blood flow to the limbs, in com­bin­ation with low-load resistance exercise, appears to facilitate hypertrophy and strength gains in athletes and others while protecting the joints from damaging stresses.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

July 2016

Limb length discrepancy: When, how to intervene?

Limb length discrepancies (LLDs) as small as 1.5 cm can significantly affect gait, and some clinicians choose to intervene in cases of even smaller discrepancies. Many LLDs can be addressed orthotically, but surgical techniques are becoming less invasive and more effective.

By Cary Groner Continue reading

June 2016

Ottobock study, RCT support use of its
C-Brace in paresis, Patella Pro in PFPS

Ottobock in May reported results of studies involving two of the Duderstadt, Germany-based company’s devices.

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June 2016

A Finer Pointe: Visualizing the ankle’s response to ballet’s toughest task

The use of detailed orthopedic imaging to examine dancers’ ankles while in the en pointe position offers insight into the biomechanical demands associated with a position that, although highly unnatural, is nevertheless essential to a ballerina’s performance.

By Jeffrey A. Russell, PhD, AT, FIADMS Continue reading

June 2016

Golf swing biomechanics: Footwear considerations

With the rise of a new crop of young stars and the anticipation of its Olympic debut this year, golf continues to be immensely popular for players and spectators alike. Golfing is a highly coordinated sport that, by its nature, is associated with risk of…

By Patricia Pande, MClScPT, CSCS, CPed Continue reading

June 2016

When knee OA research becomes legal testimony

In worker’s compensation cases, including those involving knee osteoarthritis, an expert witness often will be asked to use his or her knowledge of biomechanics to provide an opinion supporting or refuting a causal relationship between work conditions and an overuse injury.

By Steven T. McCaw, PhD

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June 2016

Gait and THA outcomes: Hip mechanics have predictive value

Preoperative hip mechanics during gait can enhance clinical scores for identifying patients who are less likely to have an adequate clinical response after total hip arthroplasty (THA), according to…

By Katie Bell

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May 2016

Össur Unloader Hip OA Brace

Össur announces the launch of the Unloader Hip, a unique brace intended to provide relief for patients with mild-to-moderate hip osteoarthritis (OA). The Unloader Hip is designed to improve mobility by using compression to encourage external rotation and abduction of the femoral head during gait… Continue reading

May 2016

Össur’s new hip OA brace reduces pain

Results from a small study of Reykjavik, Iceland-based Össur’s new Hip Unloader brace published in April showed nine of the 14 participants with unilateral symptomatic hip osteoarthritis (OA) reported an immediate reduction in pain with application of the device. Continue reading

May 2016

Smoking & knee OA: From clinical controversy to therapeutic possibility

Experts say perplexing studies suggesting that smoking may be protective against the development of knee osteoarthritis (OA) should not deter clinicians’ efforts to discourage smoking—even in patients who are at risk for OA.

By Barbara Boughton Continue reading

May 2016

Managing metatarsalgia in athletic populations

Metatarsalgia is a common foot disorder. The term metatarsalgia refers to a pain syndrome in the forefoot and not to a specific diagnosis. Pain is confined to the area across the plantar forefoot, including the second through fourth metatarsal heads.

By Howard Kashefsky, DPM, FACFAS Continue reading

May 2016

Gender, gait, and knee OA: Kinematic data have rehab implications

Women with and without knee osteo­arthritis (OA) demonstrate greater knee abduction and hip adduction during gait than their male counterparts, according to research from Canada that supports the concept of gender-specific rehabilitation in this population.

By Katie Bell Continue reading