Search Results for: osteoarthritis

August 2017

Physical examination could help predict risk of osteoarthritis after ankle sprain

Pain, swelling, and impaired motion within a year of an ankle sprain are associated with signs of early ankle osteoarthritis (OA), according to research from the Netherlands that could help clinicians identify and intervene early in at-risk patients.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2017

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Studies explore mechanisms for distal knee OA therapies

Studies presented in May at the 2017 ISPO World Congress in Cape Town, South Africa, added to knee experts’ understanding of the mechanisms underlying distal interventions to reduce pain and joint loading in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). Continue reading

December 2015

Townsend celebrates 20 years as a leading manufacturer of osteoarthritis braces

Townsend Design released its first osteoarthritis (OA) knee brace, the custom OA Reliever, in 1995. Two decades and hundreds of thousands of patients later, Townsend now offers the industry’s most diverse range of OA bracing technology— enabling medical professionals to brace virtually any OA patient successfully.

By LER Staff Continue reading

July 2015

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Orthotic options for knee OA focus on compliance issues

New research presented in June at the 2015 ISPO Congress underscored the potential long-term benefits of valgus knee bracing for relief of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms when patient compliance is high, while… Continue reading

April 2013

Bone bruises and risk of knee osteoarthritis

Bone bruises are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, but researchers are only beginning to understand the potential clinical significance of these chondral lesions with regard to knee osteoarthritis (OA) and preventing ACL injury recurrence.

By Cary Groner

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March 2013

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Knee braces and wedged insoles both alter gait in patients with knee OA

A Taiwanese study offers more evidence that offloading knee braces and wedged foot orthoses are both associated with significant biomechanical improvements in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

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March 2013

The role of varus thrust in knee osteoarthritis

Varus thrust is a characteristic of dynamic alignment that has been shown to be predictive of medial tibiofemoral structural progression. Treatments aimed at minimizing varus thrust may reduce structural progression and symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis.

By Grace Hsiao-Wei Lo, MD, MSc

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January 2013

Whole body vibration for knee osteoarthritis

Whole body vibration may help improve strength and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis and may even slow disease progression. But contradictory findings, a lack of consensus on optimal parameters, and safety issues have even WBV advocates proceeding with caution.

By Cary Groner

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June 2012

Hip strength deficits characterize both patellofemoral pain and osteoarthritis

Patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) is associated with deficits in hip abduction strength, a similarity to patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) that appears to support the theory that the two conditions lie on the same continuum, according to research from the University of Calgary presented in late May at the ACSM meeting.

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March 2012

Connecting instability and ankle osteoarthritis

Not all patients with chronic ankle in­stability develop ankle osteoarthritis, but evidence suggests the two con­ditions are related, which in turn sug­gests that ankle sprain prevention and management could help reduce ankle replacement rates.

By Larry Hand

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October 2011

FUTURE SHOCK: Youth sports and osteoarthritis risk

There’s no question that exercise is good for kids. But the trauma asso­ciated with some youth sports can dramatically increase the risk that those kids will develop knee or ankle oste­oarthritis by the time they reach adult­hood. The key next step is to determine what can be done about it.

By Yvonne M. Golightly, PT, PhD, Stephen W. Marshall, PhD, and Dennis J. Caine, PhD

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March 2011

Plantar loads influence knee osteoarthritis risk

Research suggests that redirecting ground reaction forces relative to the knee joint’s rotational center can be achieved by repositioning the foot through a number of different mechanisms.

By Roy H. Lidtke, DPM, CPed

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March 2011

Limited ROM after ACL reconstruction linked to radiographic osteoarthritis

Radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis five years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is significantly more likely in patients with limited range of motion—even by just a few degrees—in the operated knee, according to research presented at the AAOS meeting. Investigators from … Continue reading

September 2010

Offloading strategies for knee osteoarthritis

Altering joint alignment is associated with decreased pain and improved function. Researchers are working to explain the mechanisms underlying these effects, particularly with respect to bracing.

By Yatin Kirane, D.Orth, PhD; Rebecca Zifchock, PhD; and Howard Hillstrom, PhD

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October 2017

Pathomechanics in patients with hip OA suggest need for gait retraining

Altered hip mechanics during gait in patients with hip osteo­arthritis (OA) suggest a role for rehabilitation interventions focused on more than hip abductor strengthening alone, accord­- ing to research from the University of Leuven in Belgium.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

October 2017

Implications of high ankle sprains in college athletes

High ankle sprains in collegiate athletes differ from lateral or medial ankle sprains in multiple clinically relevant ways. These include loss of sports participation time, mechanism of injury, rates of injury during competition versus practices, and the possible long-term risk of osteoarthritis.

By Timothy C. Mauntel, PhD, ATC; and Zachary Y. Kerr, PhD, MPH Continue reading

October 2017

Orthotic management tactics for hallux limitus

Orthotic devices for hallux limitus are designed to limit first metatarsophalangeal joint motion while providing cushioning and plantar pressure distribution. A lack of quality research on conservative treatment of the disorder, however, forces clinicians to rely on their own experience.

By Hank Black Continue reading

October 2017

Game Changer Knee OA Brace

Ovation Medical has introduced the new Game Changer Premium Universal OA Knee Brace, designed to get knee osteoarthritis patients back to as much activity as possible. The brace should be worn for 30 to 60 minutes on the first day, and… Continue reading

September 2017

Unloader One Lite Brace

Össur has launched its Unloader One Lite Brace, for patients suffering from mild to moderate knee pain associated with osteoarthritis and degenerative meniscal tears. The Unloader One Lite is based on the technology behind the original Unloader brace, including the 3-Points of… Continue reading

September 2017

OPTP Joint Distractor

OPTP has introduced a new product for use as an adjunct to manual therapy methods: the OPTP Joint Distractor. The product’s hook-and-loop strap design fastens a patient’s ankle securely in place, allowing for complete isodynamic joint distraction for the lower extremities. Continue reading

September 2017

Rand study backs advanced device use

The Santa Monica, CA-based nonprofit Rand Health in September epublished a study showing advanced prostheses used by transfemoral amputees produce significant improvements in physical function and significant reductions in the incidence of falls and… Continue reading

September 2017

OA accelerants: 4 factors help hasten disease progression

Age and body mass index (BMI)—as well as their interactions with glucose concentration and static femorotibial alignment—contribute to increased risk of accelerated knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to research from Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston that could have implications for early diagnosis and intervention in this population.

By Chris Klingenberg Continue reading

September 2017

Study suggests strawberry consumption can benefit obese adults with knee OA

The old adage about an apple a day keeping the doctor away may need to be expanded to include other fruits, in light of new findings that a high level of daily strawberry consumption can relieve pain and reduce markers of disease progression in obese adults with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

September 2017

Out on a limb: Of opioids and outcomes

Recent efforts to reduce utilization of opioid pain medications for lower extremity joint injuries and surgical rehabilitation have mostly focused on reducing the risk of addiction. But there’s another important reason to be concerned about the use of opioids in these patients—and other popular pain medications as well.

By Jordana Bieze Foster, Editor Continue reading

September 2017

Running shoes and injury risk: Rethinking the importance of cushioning and pronation

In spite of advancements in research and subsequent modifications to running footwear design, rates of running-related injuries have not decreased. That may be because researchers and designers have been focusing on the wrong variables.

By Joseph Hamill, PhD, and Gillian Weir, PhD Continue reading