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Search Results for: osteoarthritis
Bone bruises are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, but researchers are only beginning to understand the potential clinical significance of these chondral lesions with regard to knee osteoarthritis (OA) and preventing ACL injury recurrence.
By Cary Groner
A Taiwanese study offers more evidence that offloading knee braces and wedged foot orthoses are both associated with significant biomechanical improvements in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).
Varus thrust is a characteristic of dynamic alignment that has been shown to be predictive of medial tibiofemoral structural progression. Treatments aimed at minimizing varus thrust may reduce structural progression and symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis.
By Grace Hsiao-Wei Lo, MD, MSc
Whole body vibration may help improve strength and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis and may even slow disease progression. But contradictory findings, a lack of consensus on optimal parameters, and safety issues have even WBV advocates proceeding with caution.
By Cary Groner
Patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) is associated with deficits in hip abduction strength, a similarity to patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) that appears to support the theory that the two conditions lie on the same continuum, according to research from the University of Calgary presented in late May at the ACSM meeting.
Not all patients with chronic ankle instability develop ankle osteoarthritis, but evidence suggests the two conditions are related, which in turn suggests that ankle sprain prevention and management could help reduce ankle replacement rates.
By Larry Hand
There’s no question that exercise is good for kids. But the trauma associated with some youth sports can dramatically increase the risk that those kids will develop knee or ankle osteoarthritis by the time they reach adulthood. The key next step is to determine what can be done about it.
By Yvonne M. Golightly, PT, PhD, Stephen W. Marshall, PhD, and Dennis J. Caine, PhD
Research suggests that redirecting ground reaction forces relative to the knee joint’s rotational center can be achieved by repositioning the foot through a number of different mechanisms.
By Roy H. Lidtke, DPM, CPed
Radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis five years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is significantly more likely in patients with limited range of motion—even by just a few degrees—in the operated knee, according to research presented at the AAOS meeting. Investigators from … Continue reading
Altering joint alignment is associated with decreased pain and improved function. Researchers are working to explain the mechanisms underlying these effects, particularly with respect to bracing.
By Yatin Kirane, D.Orth, PhD; Rebecca Zifchock, PhD; and Howard Hillstrom, PhD
Effect might increase future OA risk – As obese children undergo the rapid physical changes of puberty, they develop knee malalignment that could potentially contribute to development of knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to recent research from Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, OH.
By Emily Delzell Continue reading
Practitioners treating a patient with ankle osteoarthritis (OA) may want to ask if the patient has a history of back pain, according to a recent study that found an association between lumbar disc degeneration and ankle OA in cadavers.
By Larry Hand
Adults aged between 20 and 55 years with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA) report significantly higher levels of distress and disability and poorer health-related quality of life than the general population for that age range, according to research from the University of Melbourne in Australia.
By Jordana Bieze Foster
Incident radiographic knee OA is preceded by two to three years of prodromal symptoms, which may present an opportunity for intervention, according to research from Keele University in Staffordshire, UK.
By Jordana Bieze Foster
As hip arthritis becomes a growing concern in adults with Down syndrome, clinicians are also becoming more attuned to hip issues in children with DS, in hopes that early intervention in the pediatric population will help reduce the risk of disability later on.
By Shalmali Pal Continue reading
The Board of Directors for JOSPT, the Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, in an April editorial named J. Haxby Abbott, DPT, PhD, FNZCP, editor-elect of the publication. Abbott will replace editor Guy G. Simoneau, PT, PhD, ATC, who has helmed the journal since 2002. Continue reading
Motion analysis of the ankle joint complex may predict how a patient with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) will respond to using a lateral wedge insole, according to a new study from the University of Salford in the UK.
By Larry Hand Continue reading
Altered tibial position during flexion and extension one year after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is associated with early cartilage changes, according to research presented in late March in Las Vegas at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).
By Jordana Bieze Foster
Patients with acute intra-articular ankle fractures demonstrate elevated levels of biomarkers that are commonly associated with osteoarthritis (OA), suggesting that the degenerative process that leads…
By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading
It happens all the time: The medical literature fails to support the effectiveness of an intervention, even though practitioners know for a fact the intervention actually does have a positive effect in some patients. But a new study suggests some researchers are now starting to look beyond…
By Jordana Bieze Foster, Editor Continue reading
Pain doesn’t always behave the way we think it will. An intervention that relieves pain in the majority of patients might not provide relief for a significant minority. But that might mean we need to change the way we think about pain.
Jordana Bieze Foster, Editor Continue reading
Athletes swear by it, but quality studies on elastic therapeutic tape are hard to come by, and the literature is littered with conflicting or inconclusive findings about the technique’s efficacy…
By Cary Groner Continue reading
In the orthopedic bracing market, Townsend Design’s position can be compared with the local neighborhood grocery store competing against giant retailers. Continue reading
In 1996, after 15 years of sports podiatry practice, Douglas Richie, DPM, was frustrated by the ongoing challenge of fitting sport ankle braces to patients who also wore custom foot orthoses. The two products should have worked naturally together, but, because neither was made with the other in mind, the result was often ungainly and uncomfortable. Continue reading
High rates of chronic ankle instability in children suggest a need for better prevention and treatment of ankle sprains in young patients, but researchers are just starting to explore whether clinical approaches designed for adults will also be effective in their younger counterparts.
By P.K. Daniel Continue reading