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Search Results for: osteoarthritis
Townsend Design released its first osteoarthritis (OA) knee brace, the custom OA Reliever, in 1995. Two decades and hundreds of thousands of patients later, Townsend now offers the industry’s most diverse range of OA bracing technology— enabling medical professionals to brace virtually any OA patient successfully.
By LER Staff Continue reading
New research presented in June at the 2015 ISPO Congress underscored the potential long-term benefits of valgus knee bracing for relief of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms when patient compliance is high, while… Continue reading
Bone bruises are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, but researchers are only beginning to understand the potential clinical significance of these chondral lesions with regard to knee osteoarthritis (OA) and preventing ACL injury recurrence.
By Cary Groner
A Taiwanese study offers more evidence that offloading knee braces and wedged foot orthoses are both associated with significant biomechanical improvements in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).
Varus thrust is a characteristic of dynamic alignment that has been shown to be predictive of medial tibiofemoral structural progression. Treatments aimed at minimizing varus thrust may reduce structural progression and symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis.
By Grace Hsiao-Wei Lo, MD, MSc
Whole body vibration may help improve strength and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis and may even slow disease progression. But contradictory findings, a lack of consensus on optimal parameters, and safety issues have even WBV advocates proceeding with caution.
By Cary Groner
Patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) is associated with deficits in hip abduction strength, a similarity to patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) that appears to support the theory that the two conditions lie on the same continuum, according to research from the University of Calgary presented in late May at the ACSM meeting.
Not all patients with chronic ankle instability develop ankle osteoarthritis, but evidence suggests the two conditions are related, which in turn suggests that ankle sprain prevention and management could help reduce ankle replacement rates.
By Larry Hand
There’s no question that exercise is good for kids. But the trauma associated with some youth sports can dramatically increase the risk that those kids will develop knee or ankle osteoarthritis by the time they reach adulthood. The key next step is to determine what can be done about it.
By Yvonne M. Golightly, PT, PhD, Stephen W. Marshall, PhD, and Dennis J. Caine, PhD
Research suggests that redirecting ground reaction forces relative to the knee joint’s rotational center can be achieved by repositioning the foot through a number of different mechanisms.
By Roy H. Lidtke, DPM, CPed
Radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis five years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is significantly more likely in patients with limited range of motion—even by just a few degrees—in the operated knee, according to research presented at the AAOS meeting. Investigators from … Continue reading
Altering joint alignment is associated with decreased pain and improved function. Researchers are working to explain the mechanisms underlying these effects, particularly with respect to bracing.
By Yatin Kirane, D.Orth, PhD; Rebecca Zifchock, PhD; and Howard Hillstrom, PhD
Increasingly, lower extremity practitioners are realizing the clinical importance of patient communication. They’re also starting to realize that effective communication requires more than just using the right words.
By Hank Black Continue reading
New research suggests lower extremity clinicians should consider implementing gait training in combination with targeted strengthening of the peroneus longus and gluteus medius muscles to help restore normal gait patterns in patients with chronic ankle instability.
By Rachel Koldenhoven, MEd, ATC Continue reading
Gait interventions can alter knee loading in obese patients, which may have implications for knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to three studies presented in August at the annual meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics in Raleigh, NC.
By Katie Bell Continue reading
The effects of mild limb-length discrepancy (LLD) on gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) may contribute to disease progression, according to research epublished in August by Clinical Biomechanics.
By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading
Some—but not all—characteristics of meniscal damage on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) severity and two-year progression, according to research from Tufts Medical Center in Boston, MA.
By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading
Parsippany, NJ-based Fidia Pharma USA’s injectable viscoelastic gel significantly improves knee osteoarthritis (OA) pain for up to a year in patients younger than 40 years, according to data presented July 7 at the annual meeting of the… Continue reading
Össur reported on July 22 that, after a two-day consensus symposium sponsored by the Foothill Ranch, CA-based company, an expert panel has published clinical treatment protocols for three subgroups of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Continue reading
A study published July 8 in the Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery found an ankle foot orthosis (AFO) made by Duderstadt, Germany-based Ottobock significantly reduced pain and stiffness and improved physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Continue reading
Researchers are investigating how changes during pregnancy may affect the lower extremities in the long term, as well as ways to treat and prevent these issues.
By Lori Roniger Continue reading
Recent research supports the idea that increased patellofemoral stress is a contributing factor in runners with patellofemoral pain, and that gait retraining to promote a…
By Jenevieve L. Roper, PhD; Deborah L. Doerfler, PT, DPT, PhD; Christine M. Mermier, PhD; and Janet S. Dufek, PhD Continue reading
Rotating the foot in or out during gait is associated with significant decreases in frontal plane knee load during early or late stance, respectively, and can be effective for reducing pain and potentially slowing the progression of…
By Kevin Alan Valenzuela, ABD, CSCS; and Hunter Jared Bennett, PhD Continue reading
The results of a retrospective chart review suggest that the use of plasma-mediated bipolar radiofrequency-based arthroscopic microdebridement is associated with notable decreases…
By Renato Giorgini, DPM, FACFAS; Stephanie Giles, DPM; Omer Aci, DPM; and Christopher Japour, DPM, MS Continue reading
One of the interesting things about LER’s multidisciplinary perspective is being able to follow a new idea as it is examined and embraced by one specialty after another, each with its own therapeutic goals and challenges.
By Jordana Bieze Foster, Editor Continue reading