Search Results for: osteoarthritis

February 2018

Researchers target prevention of posttraumatic osteoarthritis

Reducing oxidative stress in mitochondria shortly after joint injury may prevent posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA), according to a study published in Science Translational Journal. This discovery is compelling because young, active patients are more likely than older patients to experience these injuries, yet are not… Continue reading

November 2017

BRAINS, SPRAINS, AND CHRONIC PAIN: Concussion consequences may include osteoarthritis

As a growing number of studies report associa­tions between concussion and musculoskeletal injury risk, new research suggests concussed athletes may also have an increased risk of osteoarthritis later in life.

By Robert C. Lynall, PhD, ATC; Timothy C. Mauntel, PhD, ATC; David R. Howell, PhD, ATC; and Thomas A. Buckley, EdD, ATC Continue reading

August 2017

Physical examination could help predict risk of osteoarthritis after ankle sprain

Pain, swelling, and impaired motion within a year of an ankle sprain are associated with signs of early ankle osteoarthritis (OA), according to research from the Netherlands that could help clinicians identify and intervene early in at-risk patients.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading

June 2017

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Studies explore mechanisms for distal knee OA therapies

Studies presented in May at the 2017 ISPO World Congress in Cape Town, South Africa, added to knee experts’ understanding of the mechanisms underlying distal interventions to reduce pain and joint loading in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). Continue reading

December 2015

Townsend celebrates 20 years as a leading manufacturer of osteoarthritis braces

Townsend Design released its first osteoarthritis (OA) knee brace, the custom OA Reliever, in 1995. Two decades and hundreds of thousands of patients later, Townsend now offers the industry’s most diverse range of OA bracing technology— enabling medical professionals to brace virtually any OA patient successfully.

By LER Staff Continue reading

July 2015

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Orthotic options for knee OA focus on compliance issues

New research presented in June at the 2015 ISPO Congress underscored the potential long-term benefits of valgus knee bracing for relief of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms when patient compliance is high, while… Continue reading

April 2013

Bone bruises and risk of knee osteoarthritis

Bone bruises are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, but researchers are only beginning to understand the potential clinical significance of these chondral lesions with regard to knee osteoarthritis (OA) and preventing ACL injury recurrence.

By Cary Groner

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March 2013

OSTEOARTHRITIS: Knee braces and wedged insoles both alter gait in patients with knee OA

A Taiwanese study offers more evidence that offloading knee braces and wedged foot orthoses are both associated with significant biomechanical improvements in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

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March 2013

The role of varus thrust in knee osteoarthritis

Varus thrust is a characteristic of dynamic alignment that has been shown to be predictive of medial tibiofemoral structural progression. Treatments aimed at minimizing varus thrust may reduce structural progression and symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis.

By Grace Hsiao-Wei Lo, MD, MSc

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January 2013

Whole body vibration for knee osteoarthritis

Whole body vibration may help improve strength and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis and may even slow disease progression. But contradictory findings, a lack of consensus on optimal parameters, and safety issues have even WBV advocates proceeding with caution.

By Cary Groner

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June 2012

Hip strength deficits characterize both patellofemoral pain and osteoarthritis

Patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) is associated with deficits in hip abduction strength, a similarity to patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) that appears to support the theory that the two conditions lie on the same continuum, according to research from the University of Calgary presented in late May at the ACSM meeting.

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March 2012

Connecting instability and ankle osteoarthritis

Not all patients with chronic ankle in­stability develop ankle osteoarthritis, but evidence suggests the two con­ditions are related, which in turn sug­gests that ankle sprain prevention and management could help reduce ankle replacement rates.

By Larry Hand

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October 2011

FUTURE SHOCK: Youth sports and osteoarthritis risk

There’s no question that exercise is good for kids. But the trauma asso­ciated with some youth sports can dramatically increase the risk that those kids will develop knee or ankle oste­oarthritis by the time they reach adult­hood. The key next step is to determine what can be done about it.

By Yvonne M. Golightly, PT, PhD, Stephen W. Marshall, PhD, and Dennis J. Caine, PhD

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March 2011

Plantar loads influence knee osteoarthritis risk

Research suggests that redirecting ground reaction forces relative to the knee joint’s rotational center can be achieved by repositioning the foot through a number of different mechanisms.

By Roy H. Lidtke, DPM, CPed

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March 2011

Limited ROM after ACL reconstruction linked to radiographic osteoarthritis

Radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis five years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is significantly more likely in patients with limited range of motion—even by just a few degrees—in the operated knee, according to research presented at the AAOS meeting. Investigators from … Continue reading

September 2010

Offloading strategies for knee osteoarthritis

Altering joint alignment is associated with decreased pain and improved function. Researchers are working to explain the mechanisms underlying these effects, particularly with respect to bracing.

By Yatin Kirane, D.Orth, PhD; Rebecca Zifchock, PhD; and Howard Hillstrom, PhD

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February 2018

Patient comfort vs diabetic wound healing: confronting nonadherence associated with removeable offloading devices

Patient adherence to consistent use of removeable offloading and immobilization devices is central to promote healing and prevent infection in diabetic foot ulcers, yet the tradeoff of removability easily compromises adherence. Choosing and customizing the right device is key.

By Barbara Boughton Continue reading

February 2018

Implications of asymmetry in the treatment of injured athletes

Given that many uninjured, successful athletes have some degree of asymmetry, how do clinicians interpret asymmetry in athletes recovering from injury?

By Cary Groner Continue reading

January 2018

Online Tool Guides Joint Replacement Decisions in OA Sufferers

A web-based tool developed at the University of Massachusetts (UMass) Medical School helps patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip decide whether and when to proceed with total joint replacement surgery by comparing the individual’s pain and… Continue reading

January 2018

AAOS Approves Diagnostic, Treatment Criteria for Hip OA

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) recently approved new Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the Management of Osteoarthritis of the Hip. AUCs provide clinicians with algorithms on how to optimally treat an orthopedic injury or condition, including… Continue reading

January 2018

Patellofemoral pain: More activity means more pain — and then less activity?

People with PFP are less physically active than healthy controls, with regard to both steps per day and minutes of mild, moderate, and intense activity. Increases in activity-related pain may cause…

By Neal R. Glaviano, PhD, AT, ATC; Andrea Baellow, MS; and Susan Saliba, PhD, MPT, Med Continue reading

January 2018

Promoting postsurgical weight loss and activity to address joint pain

Strategies to help patients lose weight and become active after surgery need to be individualized, multifaceted, and re­inforced long-term. Many people who suffer from chronic joint pain are unable to exercise; as a result of this inactivity, they gain weight, which…

By Keith Loria Continue reading

November 2017

Flexion expands mkt for knee OA injectable

Burlington, MA-based Flexion Therapeutics in mid-November announced the full commercial launch of Zilretta (triamcinolone acetonide extended-release injectable suspension), the company’s new therapy for the management of pain associated with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Continue reading

November 2017

Navy, Steadman Clinic partner for research

In a benchmark collaboration between two world-class research centers, the Vail, CO-based Steadman Philippon Research Institute/Steadman Clinic and the Naval Medical Research Unit-San Antonio will work together on sophisticated musculoskeletal research, according to a Steadman-Philippon release. Continue reading

October 2017

Pathomechanics in patients with hip OA suggest need for gait retraining

Altered hip mechanics during gait in patients with hip osteo­arthritis (OA) suggest a role for rehabilitation interventions focused on more than hip abductor strengthening alone, accord­- ing to research from the University of Leuven in Belgium.

By Jordana Bieze Foster Continue reading